Komot Gabriel

Komot Gabriel

University of New Hampshire

International Business and Economics


2012

Mentor: Dr. Bruce Elmslie, UNH Department of Economics

Sudan & Botswana – Corruption and Economic Development: Lessons for South Sudan

This project addresses the following questions: What is the relationship between corruption and economic development, and how will corruption affect South Sudan’s economic development? South Sudan gained its independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, as a result of a 2005 peace agreement that formally ended the longest civil war in African history. With secession from Sudan came many new challenges; the creation of a new government, a new currency, finding ways to diversify its economy, economic development, and the ending of massive corruption that still plagues North and South Sudan. Sudan is considered one of the most corrupt countries by Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index; it is also an undeveloped country. Botswana was considered one of the poorest countries in the world after it gained its independence in 1966. Since then Botswana has been transformed into one of the richest economies in southern Africa and is now classified as an upper middle-income country. This Research will look into how corruption affected Sudan and Botswana’s development, then determine what lessons South Sudan can take from the experiences of Sudan and Botswana.