Here is a list of Frequently Asked Questions for quick reference. If you don’t find the answer to your question, please contact us for more information.
Broadband is short for Broadband Internet access. The United States (US) Federal Communications Commission (FCC) as of 2010, defines “Basic Broadband” as data transmission speeds of at least 4 megabits per second (Mbps), or 4,000,000 bits per second, downstream (from the Internet to the user’s computer) and 1 Mbit/s upstream (from the user’s computer to the Internet). Slower methods of connecting to the internet include dial up modems which range about 56kbps.
The “last mile” or “last kilometer” is the final leg of the network to a customer (e.g. a home or business). The actual distance of this leg may be more than a mile, especially in rural areas. It is typically seen as an expensive challenge because extending this access can be a considerable physical undertaking. “Last mile" is dependent on “middle mile.”
What is “middle mile”?
The “middle mile” is the part of the network linking a network operator’s core network to a local network. It can be thought of as the “interstate highway” system of the network – much like Interstate 93 is a connection point for other roads.
What is an open access network model?
An open access model allows multiple service providers to compete over the same network at wholesale prices. All open access network is a requirement of the NTIA BTOP program.
Why is UNH the leader of the program?
UNH is currently operating a reliable and cost-effective statewide research and education network, has strong relationships with anchor institutions and telecommunications companies and is expert at managing multi-million dollar federal grants.
Will homes and businesses get cheaper broadband service as a result of the NNHN program?
The goal of the program is to dramatically increase access to broadband throughout the state. By building an open access network, we believe choice and competition will increase.
The program aims to significantly increase access to broadband throughout the state by building over 470 miles of new network that encompasses 10 NH counties. Future efforts to deliver last mile construction to communities will continue through FastRoads and other last mile providers in New Hampshire.
While there are many communities in New Hampshire that are not only underserved, but unserved, the federal government regulations under the BTOP program allow for only a maximum of 20% of the total award budget to be directed for last mile installation.
As the NNHN program completes the middle mile network, it will increase the ability for independent companies such as FastRoads to extend the high-speed network to homes and businesses.
For ongoing updates and information you may visit our sister site: www.iwantbroadbandnh.org