Pause and allow students to reflect on a concept. Possibly combine this with Minute Papers, Think-Pair-Share, and/or Clicker Questions.
Ask questions with clickers. Questions should be thought-provoking and relevant to a single concept. Combine with Think-Pair-Share. A great way to see if students are understanding the material covered or what you may have missed.
Create time for students to work individually (or in small groups) on problems projected on the screen or written on the board
Minute Paper -
Use Minute Papers to ask questions about the lecture content. These can be collected and used as a micro-quiz or for attendance purposes. One possibility is the “muddiest point” question, where students have to write about what they understood the least. This gives the instructor a better understanding of what students are struggling with, and can set up review lectures the following week.
Fill in the blanks
Allow students to download advance notes that include significant blanks, so students have to listen intently and mentally engage the material. These notes should be more than the PowerPoint slides you use to guide your lecture.
Through self-assessment, students can identify their own gaps in skills and knowledge in a low-stakes manner, and identify areas to focus their attention in continued learning
Ask students to draw a picture, graphic, or chart of a concept from the lecture, using no words but illustrating comprehension