Research Articles

Research articles describe research and creative projects in all the disciplines and are authored by UNH undergraduates or recent graduates in collaboration with Inquiry student and staff editors. They should not exceed 2500 words (excluding bibliography). These articles are based on research reports or essays written for a course or independent study. Because of the relatively short length and general audience of research articles, their authors often choose to narrow or refocus their original text. The research experience is held to be as important as research results.

Yemen and the Dynamics of Foreign Intervention in Failed States

Yemen, a small nation at the southern tip of the Arabian peninsula, has been mired in political strife and unrest since its government was overthrown in 2014 by the Houthis, a minority Shiite tribal group. Soon after, foreign intervention began, with Saudi Arabia joining the fight alongside the remains of the Yemen government authorities against the Houthis. In 2015, Iran began supporting their ally the Houthis with economic aid and materials, but not with direct military involvement.

Examining Potential for Improvements in Composting and Waste Reduction in the Greater Durham, NH, Region

When I received the exciting news that I would spend the summer of 2021 studying composting, I did not expect to be working with numbers and spreadsheets. Instead of examining how food scraps decompose into soil, I found myself deep in the weeds of local policy. Because of the online nature of my research during COVID-19, field trips to observe composting methods up close didn’t exist, so my goal was to develop a better understanding of community policies and individual behaviors regarding food waste—and the potential for improving both.

Barbarians and Heretics: Anti-Byzantine and Anti-Western Sentiments in Crusade-Era Chronicles, 1096–1204

Of all the kingdoms and empires of medieval Europe, few have been mistreated by scholars throughout history more than the Byzantine Empire. These scholars often relied upon stereotypes contained in Western primary sources. The Byzantine Empire was located in modern-day Greece and Turkey and lasted for more than one thousand years, spanning the entirety of the medieval period. In 1869, the British historian and prominent Victorian-era moralizer W. E. H. Lecky described the Byzantines as “without genius or intellectual activity . . . degenerate . . .

Effects of COVID-19 on Food Insecurity within New Hampshire and the UNH Community

The COVID-19 pandemic has created socioeconomic distress for individuals across the globe, including changes in employment status, income, and access to childcare. With additional financial hardship, the rate of individuals struggling with food security has increased. Feeding America projected a national food insecurity rate of 12.9% in 2021, which is up from 10.5% in 2019 (Feeding America, 2021). Food insecurity refers to the disruption of reliable food intake or eating patterns due to the lack of money and other resources.

The Evolution of Assigned Reading: The Diversity in New Hampshire High School Reading and Student Reading Engagement

Romeo and Juliet, To Kill a Mockingbird, Of Mice and Men, The Great Gatsby, and Lord of the Flies. What do these texts have in common? These titles were the most commonly found texts on high school reading lists in the early 1990s, according to a study done by Arthur N. Applebee of the School of Education at the University of Albany. These titles are also widely recognizable from current reading lists despite the 30-year gap since Applebee’s study (Applebee, 1992; Applebee, 1991; Stotsky et al., 2010).

The Troubled Teen Industry and Its Effects: An Oral History

The troubled teen industry (TTI) is a term used to describe a system of underregulated residential youth treatment facilities that operate primarily in the United States. My research, which was funded by a 2021 Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) through the Hamel Center for Undergraduate Research, focused on gaining firsthand insight into the effects of one such treatment facility.

Conducting Undergraduate Research to Honor the Voices of Sexual and Gender Minority People Receiving Inpatient Mental Health Care

Within the field of nursing, it is important to honor the voices of patients, especially when it comes to minoritized groups that experience mistreatment. Over the summer of 2021, I worked on an integrative literature review to study the experiences of sexual and gender minority (SGM) people in inpatient psychiatric care.

The Presence of 17-beta Estradiol, 17-alpha Ethinyl Estradiol, and Estrone in Wastewater Treatment: Navigating Unanticipated Results

As of 2020, 14 percent of women in America ages 15 to 49 were using birth control pills (CDC 2021). Oral contraceptives have two main components: estrogen and progesterone. Studies have shown that when released into aquatic environments, estrogenic compounds can lead to the feminization of male fish. Estrogen has been shown to stimulate the production of vitellogenin, an egg yolk precursor, in male fish, inducing the partial development of ova in the testes (Nazari and Suja 2016).

Examining the Effectiveness of Video Marketing Based on Consumer Attitudes: Differences between Generation Zers and Baby Boomers

Consumers are surrounded by video content now more than ever. Every day we spend hours watching video content that educates, inspires, and entertains, and this amount of time exploded during the pandemic (Hayes, 2021). People devote one-third of their internet time to watching videos, and it is predicted that by 2022, video will account for 79% of all mobile data traffic and 82% of all internet traffic worldwide (Bowman, 2017; Ofcom, 2019; Khabab, 2020).

Behind the Scenes: Turtle Trapping and Connectivity Mapping for Endangered Blanding’s Turtle Conservation in Southern New Hampshire

I have always loved driving through the streets of my hometown—Portland, Maine—breathing in the salty air as it drifts into the open car windows. Driving along backroads and listening to my favorite songs is one of my go-to sources of relaxation. As I drove along a winding New Hampshire road for my first day of field research in early June, mesmerized by the dense forests on either side of me, I was once again transported to that familiar meditative state. As I drove up to the pond, I was excited to pull on my waders and get into the water for the first time.

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