Eating Pattern Series
This week, I will be covering one of the most popular eating patterns out there: keto!
The Basics: In recent years, the eating pattern keto, or ketogenic, has been talked about a lot in mainstream media. There is some confusion though as to what it is exactly. Keto, short for ketogenic, is a style of eating that heavily restricts carbohydrate containing foods and replaces them with foods containing fat. This is not to be mistaken with the “Atkins” style of eating which restricts carbohydrate containing foods and replaces them with foods containing protein. Historically, keto was actually “designed” by physicians as a way of eating for children with epilepsy whose seizures could not be controlled by medications.
Around the World: The keto eating pattern is most common in the United States, and now also has growing popularity across Europe.
Pros: Multiple studies show that the keto eating pattern can lead to weight loss over time. When there is a reduction of carbohydrate intake (the primary source of fuel for the body), your body will start to use fat to make ketones as a source of fuel for energy. In the simplest way possible, eating keto can “train” your body to utilize fat for energy instead of carbs, which is what leads to weight loss. Loss of excess body fat may also lead to a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
Cons: When transitioning to the keto eating pattern, some people may experience “keto flu.” This occurs when the body goes into shock from the elimination of carbohydrates from the diet; temporarily, people may experience flu symptoms as their body make the transition. One study also shows that eating keto can increase risk for the development of kidney stones. There may also be an increase in cholesterol levels if there is an overconsumption of saturated fats instead of unsaturated fats.
Potential Health Benefits: The biggest potential health benefit that keto is known for is weight loss in adults. There is also a benefit of reduced number of seizures in children with epilepsy whose seizures may not be controlled by medication.
Recipe: Check out this recipe for a t-bone steak with Asian-style mushrooms! This hearty recipe is sure to fill you up, and will taste great when grilled on the barbeque.
Be on the lookout for next week’s eating pattern, plant-based!