Men: Basics of STIs
Most sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are caused by a bacteria (Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Syphilis) or a virus (Genital Warts, Genital Herpes, Hepatitis B, HIV).
Common S.I.G.N.S. of Many STIs
- Skin changes (sores, bumps, or rashes)
- Irritation while urinating (burning)
- Genial Itching
- Nothing - many people have no symptoms
- Sex organ discharge
What Happens During STI Testing:
- In testing for Gonorrhea or Chlamydia, a small q-tip like swab is inserted a short distance into your urethra (the end of your penis) and briefly rotated to obtain a specimen. This can be uncomfortable, but doesn't last long.
- For Syphilis, a small sample of blood is drawn.
- For HIV, an oral specimen is collected.
- Genital Herpes may be diagnosed by taking a swab of a sore, though Herpes is often present without visible sores. Herpes may also be diagnosed through a blood sample. Genital Warts are usually diagnosed by appearance alone.
Left untreated, most STI's have the potential to cause serious health problems.