Knowledge Base

Category Title Author Datesort descending Tags
Economic Development
What Is the Internet of Things? An Economic Perspective

I was always skeptical about the buzzword Web 2.0 - at least, it seemed like nothing more than a buzzword to me, until I read the paper from O`Reilly titled What is Web 2.0? (O'Reilly, 2005). Until then, I thought of Web 2.0 as a collection of a few fuzzy concepts some people gave a new name, just to plant a new tree in an already crowded Internet garden in order to attract unjustified attention. However, after reading the paper and understanding the concepts of user participation and service orientation more deeply, I became a convert. To me, the term Web 2.0 now provides a natural and important bracket around the design patterns and business models of the next level in Internet technology and usage.  

Elgar Fleisch, ETH Zurich Jan 2012 broadband
Economic Development
Digital Nation Expanding Internet Usage

“This isn’t just about faster Internet or fewer dropped calls. It’s about connecting every part of America to the digital age. It’s about a rural community in Iowa or Alabama where farmers and small business owners will be able to sell their products all over the world. It’s about a firefighter who can download the design of a burning building onto a handheld device; a student who can take classes with a digital textbook; or a patient who can have face-to-face video chats with her doctor.”

                                                                                                                –President Obama, State of the Union Address, January 25, 2011

U.S. Department of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration Feb 2012 broadband
Communities & Municipalities
The Need for Speed: The Importance of Next Generation Broadband

Digital Equipment Corporation CEO Ken Olsen famously commented in 1977 that, “No one will ever want a computer in their home,”1 setting off a long-standing trend in the history of information technology of underestimating consumer demand for faster computers with improved processing speeds, memory, and disk storage capacity. 

Stephen Ezell, Robert Atkinson, daniel castro and george ou Mar 2012 broadband
Media & Communications
Where to find (good) data about broadband

From the country with the fastest-growing broadband penetration to trends in U.S. home broadband adoption. Statistics and data about the broadband revolution.

Mexico had the fastest broadband penetration growth (5.2%) during the 2nd half of 2012 among countries tracked by OECD.

OECD: Global broadband by the numbers

The country with the highest broadband penetration among individuals? Switzerland (43.4%). The country with the most broadband subscriptions overall? The U.S., with 90 million. The highest share of broadband connections delivered by fiber optic networks? You’ll find it in Japan, where just under 63% of broadband users get their connectivity through a fiber network. Those are just some samples of data points compiled by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which maintains a current compilation of statistics about broadband at a dedicated portal. Some industry participants quibble with the methodologies, but for an authoritative look at the global broadband ecosystem, nobody else comes close. 

Pew Research: usage and behaviors

How broadband infiltrates and impacts daily life, at least in the U.S. is a recurring theme in research published by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, which maintains a rich repository of original research about broadband and offers overview statistics here. Among notable recent studies:

What Internet Users Do Online (December 2012)
Home Broadband Adoption (December 2012)
Digital Differences (April 2012)

BuddeComm: Country-by-country profiles and data

Telecommunications industry researcher BuddeComm maintains a variety of reports about broadband deployment and adoption by country. You’ll have to pay for the full reports, but the executive summaries offer nice, quick-hit takes on what’s going on where in broadband. Here’s an example from Australia. 


Mexico Jun 2012 Broadband Revolution
Between Markets and Mandates: Approaches to Promoting Broadband Access for Persons with Disabilities

The U.S. Census Bureau (2010), in its most recently available American Community Survey, reports that 36.4 million Americans, or an estimated 11.9% of the civilian non-institutionalized population of the United States, experience some form of diagnosed disability including difficulties related to vision, hearing, mobility, self-care, or cognition. Individuals are affected not only by congenital disabilities, but also by those that emerge over the course of a lifetime due to accident, illness, and the normal course of aging. Indeed, age-related disability is a fate awaiting many, with more than one-third (36.7%) of Americans above the age of 65 reporting some form of disability

Krishna Jayakar, Ph.D Penn State University Nov 2012 broadband
Economic Development
The Whole Picture: Where America's Broadband Networks Really Stand

Taking the whole picture into account, this report finds that the United States has made rapid progress in broadband deployment, performance, and price, as well as adoption when measured as computer-owning households that subscribe to broadband.

Information Technology and Innovation Foundation Feb 2013 broadband
Economic Development
The State of the Internet

Over the last several years, Akamai has worked to provide additional insight, beyond the State of the Internet Report, into what is happening on our Intelligent Platform through data visualization tools. The tools available at endeavor to provide users with customized views of current and historical data from the report, while others at and provide a much broader perspective. 

Akamai Mar 2013 broadband
Communities & Municipalities
2013 FCC Internet Access Services Report

Internet Access Services: Status as of December 31, 2012

Industry Analysis and Technology Division Wireline Competition Bureau December 2013

Stewart Schley Apr 2013 FCC, Internet Access Services Report, Mobile broadband, statistics
Economic Development
Measuring the Information Society

As more and more people join the global information society and high-speed communication networks become an indispensable infrastructure, the tracking and measurement of developments in information and communication technologies (ICTs) remain as relevant as ever. According to ITU estimates, there will be 6.8 billion mobile-cellular subscriptions by the end of 2013 – almost as many as there are people on the planet. While the ubiquitous availability of mobile-telephone services is undeniable, with close to 100 per cent of the population covered by a mobile signal, not everyone has a mobile phone

International Telecommunications Union May 2013 broadband penetration
Economic Development
Home Broadband 2013

This report is based on the findings of a survey on Americans’ use of the Internet. The results in this report are based on data from telephone interviews conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International from April 17 to May 19, 2013, among a sample of 2,252 adults, age 18 and older. 

Economic Development
The State of Broadband 2013: Universalizing Broadband

Affordable broadband connectivity, services and applications are essential to modern society, offering widely recognized social and economic benefits. The Broadband Commission for Digital Development promotes the adoption of broadband-friendly practices and policies for all, so everyone can take advantage of the benefits offered by broadband.

United Nations Broadband Commission Sep 2013 broadband penetration
Economic Development
Socioeconomic Effects of Broadband Speed

In 2010, Ericsson and Arthur D. Little conducted an in-depth study titled “Socioeconomic Impact of Broadband Network Investments,” which measured the economic effects of broadband penetration. It explored the latest understanding of the impact of fixed and mobile broadband investments. The study was based on more than 120 academic reports and business papers published between 2001 and 2010, and results showed that broadband penetration has positive effects on society.

In 2011, Ericsson initiated a follow-up research project, “Socioeconomic Effects of Broadband Speed,” comprising two studies: the first on a macroeconomic (national) level, and the second on a microeconomic (household) level. This report focuses on the results of these two studies.

Ericsson, Arthur D. Little, Chalmers University of Technology Sep 2013 Ericsson, Arthur D.Little
Communities & Municipalities
Connectivity Models for Developing Economies

While everybody agrees that getting more of the population in developing countries to connect to the Internet can be a strong driver for the growth of these economies, the means to get there is not always clear. Which part of public involvement, which technologies, which deployment models, where should the financing come from? All these questions are crucial, and the purpose of this report is to offer – if not definitive answers – at least pointers to help address these issues.

A commonly held view among commentators is that only cellular broadband will be affordable enough in developing markets to get significant amounts of the population online. While there is no doubt much truth to this, there are alternative models, even for purely private players. The purpose of this report is to look at some successful cases in emerging markets

Diffraction Analysis, Benoit Felten Oct 2013 Antel, Uruguay, Diffraction Analysis, ITU
Communities & Municipalities, Economic Development
Broadband 2020: Achieving Ubiquity

A consensus has emerged across the globe that broadband — the receipt and delivery of information over the Internet at high speeds — is an essential tool for accomplishing tasks that contribute positively to economic activity and social welfare. In this context, affordable broadband access has come to be viewed as nothing short of a 21st Century human right... A full realization of these benefits, however, depends on overcoming obstacles that threaten to limit broadband's impact and benefit.

Dr. Rouzbeh Yassini Nov 2013 Broadband cost benefit, Broadband Affordability, Broadband 2020
Media & Communications
Broadband in the U.S. and beyond: faster than ever

The Akamai State of the Internet Report

Download Akamai's Q3 2013 State of the Internet report here


Akamai Nov 2013 Akamai, State of the Internet, speed
Communities & Municipalities
TV White Space: Ready for Prime Time?

TVWS exhibits potential not only for extending the availabilty of braodband access to areas where it is absent, but — at least in certain instances — for serving an alternative to existing broadband networks where affordability may be an impediment.

Chris Grobicki, David Lavallee, Lincoln Lavoie, Paul Nikolich, Rouzbeh Yassini Jan 2014 TV White Space, Gigabit Libraries Network, Rouzbeh Yassini, White Paper
Communities & Municipalities, Small & Medium Business
UNH BCoE TV White Space Spreadsheets

General financial models to assist in assessment and planning for TVWS implementations. The Profit and Loss statements for these TVWS models (one designed for commercial implementation and one for municipal implementation) are based on scenarios involving three differentiated serving areas surrounding base/transmission facilities: urban, suburban and rural areas.

Broadband Center of Excellence Jan 2014 TV White Space, TVWS Planning Worksheets
Communities & Municipalities, Small & Medium Business
Implementing TVWS networks: suggested approaches

Planning a TVWS network? Here are suggestions to help save time and improve installation quality, based on findings from UNH BCoE’s implementation of a TVWS network in Durham, N.H. in 2013-2014.

UNH Broadband Center of Excellence Jan 2014 TVWS Network, TV White Space
Communities & Municipalities
Measuring Broadband America

This 2014 Measuring Broadband America Report on Fixed Broadband ("Report") contains the most recent data collected from fixed Internet Service Providers (ISPs) as part of the Federal Communication Commission's (FCC) Measuring Broadband America program.  This program is an ongoing, rigorous, nationwide study of consumer broadband performance in the United States.  We measure the network performance delivered to a representative sample set of the population and service tier demographics across the United States.  The sample population is drawn from subscribers of ISPs serving over 80% of the residential marketplace, and consists of thousands of volunteers.

FCC Mar 2014 FCC Measure, Broadband America, data rates, Verizon, Comcast, ViaSat, Exede
Communities & Municipalities
Little Known DSRC Regulation Fuels Driveless Car Efforts

Delphi sent a self-driving Audi SUV on a cross country excursion in late March 2014, stating at the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco and pointed at New York City.  The success of a safe transcontinental voyage is based on a lot of sensors, an engineer behind the wheel but not driving (as insurance in case something goes wrong), and a baseline communication system for guidance utilizing the DSRC airwaves. The event got a lot of publicity.

UNH Broadband Center of Excellence Mar 2014 DSCRC
Intelligent Campus: Coming to a School Near You

The concept of implementing an intelligent or connected educational campus is gaining proponents for many reasons. IT is seen as a more effective way to educate and to operate and maintain physical plant.

UNH Broadband Center of Excellence Jun 2014 Intelligent Campus
Communities & Municipalities
U.S. fixed broadband access: a statistical portrait

Wired broadband reaches 94% of U.S. homes. Updated analysis reflects continuing march of fixed broadband networks.

Stewart Schley Aug 2014 broadband penetration, broadband households, NTIA
Small & Medium Business
Beyond the Internet of things

UNH BCoE Executive Director Rouzbeh Yassini, writing for The Broadband Library, argues that broadband's true impact has to do with expanding human understanding and the capacity to contribute. 

In the article, Yassini refers to a concept called "the Internet of People," a twist on the now-popular concept of the Internet of Things. As Yassini describes, "It’s a data environment in which a single individual instantly can access thousands of intelligent touch points and information resources drawing on big-data analytics and powered by cloud computing. Its product is an economic, cultural and scientific renaissance made possible by transcending prior limitations."

Rouzbeh Yassini, Ph.D. Oct 2014 broadband library
Media & Communications
Assessing TVWS for Rural Broadband Access

Detailed findings from a trial deployment of technologies used to provision high-speed Internet access over license-exempt airwaves are now available from the University of New Hampshire Broadband Center of Excellence.

Braden Blanchette, University of New Hampshire Electrical and Computer Engineering Nov 2014 TV White Space, trial, Durham N.H., White Paper
Economic Development
Internet of People

Momentum is building fast around the next big broadband advancement: a world where billions of intelligent sensors and devices produce the data ingredients for a quantum leap forward in environmental intelligence, automation, predictability and ubiquitous connectivity. These capabilites will have dramatic and positive impact on our economy and our quality of life.

Rouzbeh Yassini Ph.D. Nov 2014 Rouzbeh Yassini, broadband, quality of life