UNH President's Commission on the Status of Women
Report on the Status of Women
Profile of Women Students at the University of NH
In most respects, the position of women students at UNH in 1993-94 remains essentially the same as it was in 1992-93:
- WOMEN make up 55.4% of the total student body of 13,905 students at UNH
- ONLY 2.8% of women students are minority students or international students
- IN ALL SCHOOLS the ratio of students to same sex faculty is skewed markedly in favor of men
- WOMEN have higher grade point averages than do men, both overall and on a college by college basis
- SHARPP (the Sexual Harassment and Rape Prevention Program) received 55 reports of sexual assault in 1993-94, of which 35 occurred during the academic year. (See Section VII of this Annual Report for details)
- WOMEN comprise 52.1% of all graduate students, but only 43.1% of the Ph.D. candidates
- FINANCIAL AID for men and women is comparable at the undergraduate level, but skewed in favor of men at the graduate level
- WOMEN'S ATHLETICS saw moderate improvements in increased participation opportunities but funding opportunities are slower to change. Total expenditure for men's athletics compared to women's athletics is 1.7:1 even though the male/female participation ratio is 1.4:1
FIGURE 1A: Number of Students per Faculty of Same Sex 1993-94 by College*
*See footnote on p. 7 for names of colleges at UNH.
UNH STUDENTS - General Composition
1. Women make up 55.4% of the total student body of 13,905 students at UNH and 59.9% of the total student body of 1,340 students at UNH-Manchester. They are distributed among the various schools and colleges as follows:
TABLE 1: Student Enrollments Fall 1993-94 (30 Days After Registration)
Source: UNH, Institutional Research and USNH Fact Book FY 94.
2. In 1993-94 only 2.8% (212) of women students are minority students, of which 97 are Asian (or Pacific Islanders), 22 are African-American, 61 are Hispanic, 5 are Native American, and 83 are international students. This represents a very slight increase of degree candidates over 1992-93 (2.6%; 198 students), and a slight decrease in non-degree candidates. See Table 2A for a further breakdown by college and type of degree.
3. One hundred thirteen women with disabilities attend UNH in 1993-94, compared with 73 in 1992-93, 65 in 1991-92, and 42 in 1990-91. These 113 women represent 46.3% of the students with disabilities attending UNH in 1993-94. Thus, compared with the general student body, women are underrepresented in this group.
1. Undergraduate women make up 56.5% of the bachelor's degree candidates, 43.8% of the Associate Degree candidates, and 56.4% of the non-degree students at UNH. They are, however, not distributed equally among the various colleges.
a. Women bachelor's degree candidates are:
Overrepresented in Health and Human Services (81.5% of students are women);
Somewhat underrepresented in Business and Economics (44.2%);
Severely underrepresented in Engineering and Physical Sciences (22.9%); and
More or less equitably represented in Liberal Arts (59.8%)
More or less equitably represented in Life Sciences and Agriculture (59.0%).
b. In the associate degree programs, where women make up 43.8% of the degree candidates, they are:
Overrepresented in Continuing Education (53.5%), and
Proportionally represented (40.2%) in the Thompson School.
2. In all schools, the ratio of women students to women faculty members is markedly higher than same sex faculty for men. Overall, the same-sex student/faculty ratio is better for men than for women by a factor of 2.4.
In the worst case, that of the College of Life Sciences and Agriculture, the same-sex student/teacher ratio is 7.7 times better for men than women. This does, however, represent an improvement over the 1992-93 figure of 8.7. Even in the best cases, in the Whittemore School and the College of Liberal Arts, the ratio is still 2.0 and 2.1 times better for men than for women. (See Table 6 in the Faculty Section of this report and the surrounding pages for a fuller discussion of this issue.) This poses serious problems in terms of having a sufficient number of same-sex role models to encourage women to pursue further education or careers in various fields. Moreover, it gives male students the wrong impression about women's abilities or roles in the various colleges.
TABLE 2A: UNH FEMALE MINORITY ENROLLMENT 1993-94*
TABLE 2B: UNH MALE MINORITY STUDENT ENROLLMENT 1993-94*
TABLE 2C: UNH-M MINORITY & INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ENROLLMENT*
3. Academically, women do very well. Women come to UNH with high school achievement records which are higher than those of men, and average SAT scores which are comparable to those of men. Women averaged 475 for the verbal part of the test and 518 for the mathematics, compared with scores of 478 and 561 respectively for the men. Once at UNH, women have higher grade point averages than do the men both overall (3.00 for women; 2.73 for men) and on a college by college basis (see Table 3).
In addition, women constitute 72.5% of the 80 students graduating with University or Department Honors in 1994, and 70.0% of the 107 students elected to Phi Beta Kappa. (See Table 4 for a finer breakdown of these figures.)
4. General profile of undergraduate women:
Age. Most women students are between the ages of 18 and 22. Only 8.5% of the bachelor's degree candidates are non-traditional students aged 24 or older, as compared with 44.6% of the associate degree candidates. (The comparable figures for Fall 1992 are 7.5% and 40.1% respectively.) These numbers represent a small increase over the figures for 1992-93.
Housing. Slightly over 50% of women undergraduates live on campus in University housing. Of those living off-campus, about 180 live in sorority houses.
Sororities. Approximately 500 (8.6%) of the undergraduate women are members of 6 sororities (compared with 700 ( 15.8%) of the men in 11 fraternities).
Athletics. Three hundred thirty-nine women participate in Division 1 intercollegiate athletic programs available at the University. (See below for a fuller discussion.)
Women comprise 55.4% of the undergraduate student body and receive 56.3% of the total expenditures on student aid in all forms (grants, loans, and employment); men receive 43.7%. This is roughly in proportion to their representation in the general student population. In other respects, men and women are roughly comparable in the percentage who receive aid and the kind and amounts of aid received except that women carry more money in loans, men in scholarships. This statistic is worrisome but does not constitute a trend at this point as the comparable average loan difference in 1992-93 was only $20 greater for women. Even so, it is a figure worth charting. For a finer breakdown of the forms of student aid, see Table 5.
Admissions and Graduation/Recruitment and Retention
More women than men applied to UNH (5196 versus 4001) and they were accepted at a higher rate (81.7% of the women applicants were accepted, versus 71.7% of the men). [NOTE: Source UNH Admissions Office. The figures for 1992-93 were comparable. 5364 women and 4232 men applied. 76.8% and 69.4% respecpively were admitted.]
TABLE 3: SEMESTER GRADE POINT AVERAGES Fall 1993* (30 Days after Registration)
*Semester Grade Point Averages in Annual Reports prior to 1992-93 may not be comparable as data were probably selected on other than R+30 undergraduate degree candidates.
TABLE 4: UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC HONORS 1993-94*
Source: UNH Honors Program, Phi Beta Kappa. *UNH-Manchester not included.
TABLE 5: UNDERGRADUATE FINANCIAL AID 1993-94
Retention: Graduation rates for women were slightly higher than those for men in 1992-93. That is, 76 percent of the female students entering UNH in 1987/88 went on to graduate in 6 years or less (ie, by 1992-93), as did 69% of the males.
In the previous Annual Report, the latest year for which we had complete figures on undergraduate athletics was 1991-92. In this report, we have relatively complete data for 1992-93 and some data for 1993-94. In the earlier report, we noted that efforts were underway to address inequities between women's and men's athletics. These efforts remain, and the goal of increasing female participation to 43% by 1993-94 has been achieved: 42% of participants are women. There is a goal of 50% by 1996-97.
In spite of efforts to address inequities, figures show a continued bias in favor of men's athletics. (See Tables 6A and 6B). In 1992-93, male participants outnumbered female participants by a ratio of 1.7 to 1, but funding dollars were allocated on a basis of 2 to 1. In some areas, such as recruitment and scholarship dollars, the ratio is skewed even more dramatically: with male athletics receiving more than 85% of the recruitment funds available. In 1993-94, the male/female participation ratio dropped to 1.4:1, but 80% of recruitment dollars still went to men's athletics, in spite of a $27,000 recruitment budget increase for women's athletics.
With respect to scholarship dollars, the ratio for men to women is 2.0:1: Male athletes received $1,504,197 whereas female athletes received $759,360. Moreover, compared with 1992-93, the percentage of women participants who received scholarships dropped from 24% to 19.5% while the percentage of men receiving scholarships has increased slightly from 25.2% to 27.4%.
In sum, although participation opportunities have increased for women athletes, funding opportunities are much slower to change.
TABLE 6A: Undergraduate Athletic Participation and Support by Gender 1993-94*
* The presentation of data in this table appears in a different format than previous years.
TABLE 6A: Undergraduate Athletic Participation and Support by Gender 1992-93
* The presentation of data in this table appears in a different format than previous years .
TABLE 6B: Undergraduate Athletics Coaching Staff Comparisons 1992-93