History  

HIST 405 - History of Early America
Credits: 4.00
America from the early age of European discovery to the mid-19th century. Emphasizes the interaction of European, Native American, and African peoples; on the separation of the English colonies from Great Britain; and on the establishment and early history of the United States.

HIST 405H - Honors/History Early America
Credits: 4.00
America from the early age of European discovery to the mid-19th century. Emphasizes the interaction of European, Native American, and African peoples; on the separation of the English colonies from Great Britain; and on the establishment and early history of the United States. Writing intensive.

HIST 405W - History of Early America
Credits: 4.00
America from the early age of European discovery to the mid-19th century. Emphasizes the interaction of European, Native American, and African peoples; on the separation of the English colonies from Great Britain; and on the establishment and early history of the United States. Writing intensive.

HIST 406 - History of the Modern United States
Credits: 4.00
History of the United States since the mid-19th century. Political, social, and economic developments as well as relationships of the modern U.S. with other countries.

HIST 406H - Honors/History of the Modern United States
Credits: 4.00
History of the United States since the mid-19th century. Political, social, and economic developments as well as relationships of the modern U.S. with other countries. Writing intensive.

HIST 406W - History of the Modern United States
Credits: 4.00
History of the United States since the mid-19th century. Political, social, and economic developments as well as relationships of the modern U.S. with other countries. Writing intensive.

HIST 410 - Historical Survey of American Civilization
Credits: 4.00
Topical survey, within broad chronological divisions, of the development of American civilization since 1600. Students may take the course up to two times as long as the topic for the two courses is different. Writing intensive.

HIST 410H - Honors/Historical Survey of American Civilization
Credits: 4.00
Topical survey, within broad chronological divisions, of the development of American civilization since 1600. Writing intensive.

HIST 421 - World History to the 16th Century
Credits: 4.00
The global experience of human communities with special emphasis on the development of the major civilizations and their interactions. Comparisons of social, cultural, religious, and political life and the emergence of distinctive and diverse human societies are examined.

HIST 422 - World History in the Modern Era
Credits: 4.00
Emergence of major global human interactions due to the growth of major civilizations. The global context for the rise of the modern West. The rise and decline of Western global domination and the emergence of new states and changing societies throughout the world.

HIST 422H - Honors/World History in the Modern Era
Credits: 4.00
Emergence of major global human interactions due to the growth of major civilizations. The global context for the rise of the modern West. The rise and decline of Western global domination and the emergence of new states and changing societies throughout the world.

HIST 425 - Foreign Cultures
Credits: 4.00
Introduces the culture of a particular nation or region; preparation for experiencing a foreign culture. Consult department for listing of topics.

HIST 425H - Honors/Foreign Cultures
Credits: 4.00
Introduces the culture of a particular nation or region; preparation for experiencing a foreign culture. Consult department for listing of topics. Writing intensive.

HIST 425W - Foreign Cultures
Credits: 4.00
Introduces the culture of a particular nation or region; preparation for experiencing a foreign culture. Consult department for listing of topics. Writing intensive.

HIST 435 - Western Civilization
Credits: 4.00
The classical origins and evolution of European civilization through the Renaissance, Reformation, and voyages of discovery. The rise of Europe to global supremacy in the 19th century and its transformation in the 20th century.

HIST 435H - Honors/Western Civilization
Credits: 4.00
The classical origins and evolution of European civilization through the Renaissance, Reformation, and voyages of discovery. The rise of Europe to global supremacy in the 19th century and its transformation in the 20th century. Writing intensive.

HIST 435W - Western Civilization
Credits: 4.00
The classical origins and evolution of European civilization through the Renaissance, Reformation, and voyages of discovery. The rise of Europe to global supremacy in the 19th century and its transformation in the 20th century. Writing intensive.

HIST 436 - Western Civilization
Credits: 4.00
The classical origins and evolution of European civilization through the Renaissance, Reformation, and voyages of discovery. The rise of Europe to global supremacy in the 19th century and its transformation in the 20th century.

HIST 436H - Honors/Western Civilization
Credits: 4.00
The classical origins and evolution of European civilization through the Renaissance, Reformation, and voyages of discovery. The rise of Europe to global supremacy in the 19th century and its transformation in the 20th century. Writing intensive.

HIST 436W - Western Civilization
Credits: 4.00
The classical origins and evolution of European civilization through the Renaissance, Reformation, and voyages of discovery. The rise of Europe to global supremacy in the 19th century and its transformation in the 20th century. Writing intensive.

HIST 444 - Through Their Eyes: The American Civil War from Primary Sources
Credits: 4.00
Introduces the nature of historical research through an intensive study of the Civil War era, including slavery, abolitionism, and political conflict before the war, as well as the military, social, and political history of the war itself. Use of primary sources such as newspapers, public documents, letters, and diaries, including unpublished manuscripts held in Special Collections, Dimond Library. Writing intensive.

HIST #444A - When is War the Answer
Credits: 4.00
Examines a series of foreign policy crises that might have led, and in some cases did lead, to war between the United States and some foreign foe. Using diplomatic documents, a basic diplomatic history text book, and a range of secondary sources, we will examine several times when the United States came to the brink of war, and we will ask when and why the nation has chosen to resolve its foreign policy problems with force. Topics include neutrality during the early Napoleonic wars, the War of 1812, the War with Mexico in 1846 and the avoided war with Britain of the same year, the Spanish-American War, both World Wars, Cuba and Vietnam, and the two Iraq wars. Students are able to connect decisions about war with larger trends and developments in U.S. history. In the end, they have refined their understanding of when the nation has chosen to use force as well as their ability to apply that knowledge to future crises. Focus on policy making rather than the impact of war itself, although naturally historical lessons about war shape decision making. Writing intensive.

HIST 444B - Revolutions Across the Atlantic
Credits: 4.00
An exploration of the Age of Revolution, 1776-1800 on both sides of the Atlantic. Beginning with Tom Paine's declaration "Tis Time to Part" that launched the American Revolution and ending with the spread of the French Revolution by bayonets into Switzerland, we investigate the clubs organized against the slave trade, we read the plays that projected imaginary revolutions onto desert islands, and we follow the rumors that spread news of Caribbean revolts to Philadelphia and Paris. This course will be primarily discussion, with some short writing assignments in the first half of the course. Students will research and write their own histories of some facet of revolutionary history in the second half of the course. Writing intensive.

HIST 444C - World War Propaganda in Britain and the United States
Credits: 4.00
Examines multi-media propaganda in World War I and World War II Britain and the U.S. to investigate the total war experience, the relationship between these two nations, and the workings of a critical weapon. Propaganda was a bloodless weapon in an era of high-tech tools, but it was also a feared and ubiquitous one. Some of the issues addressed in this course include: Who were some of the targets of propaganda? How were posters different from films or radio broadcasts? What were the messages of propaganda? What does propaganda say about these nations as cultures and societies as well as about their war efforts? We analyze multimedia primary sources as well as use secondary ones in our discussions. Writing intensive.

HIST 444D - Slavery and Society in Pre-Colonial Africa
Credits: 4.00
Examines the evolution and practice of the institution of slavery in Africa from the earliest times to the era of European colonialism. Using contemporary personal narratives by the slaves, the course examines specific historical contexts of various slave systems, continuity and change in the ideologies and practices of slavery, religion and slavery, race and slavery, gender and slavery, conditions of slaves, as well as the making and uses of slaves - as domestics, concubines, eunuchs, officials, soldiers, labor and capital. Using films, slide images, and a comparative approach, African slavery will be examined within the context of the early evolution of slavery in the Mediterranean and Islamic worlds as well as its later expressions in the Atlantic world of the Americas.

HIST 444E - American at War: Society, Culture, and the Home Front
Credits: 4.00
Course will examine how the preparation for war, war itself, and the legacy of war shape American society, culture, and national identity. Students explore the relationship of war to topics such as American politics, literature, music, visual arts, popular culture, as well as gender, ethics, and race relations. Primarily discussion with short writing assignments in the first part of the course. Students research topics of their choice in the second and third parts of the course. Writing intensive.

HIST 444F - Collective Guilt and Collective Responsibility in History
Credits: 4.00
Most Americans recognize the Holocaust as an extraordinary crime, though there is less agreement about who was responsible, whether justice was rendered and appropriate compensation awarded survivors. Things become more complicated when examining what might be considered crimes committed by Americans. This course concentrates both on the Holocaust and the ┬┐underside┬┐ of American history and poses questions about the connections between the past and the responsibilities of citizenship in the present. Writing intensive.

HIST 483 - History of World Religions
Credits: 4.00
Introduces the religions of the world in terms of historical development, relationship to society, belief system, central texts, and ritual practices. Begins with the religions of small and tribal societies (e.g., African, Native American), moves through religions of complex societies (e.g., Hinduism), and then studies the various traditions that emanated from ancient revelations: Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and certain new forms of Christianity. This initial survey of world religions prepares students for HIST 484.

HIST 483W - History of World Religions
Credits: 4.00
Introduces the religions of the world in terms of historical development, relationship to society, belief system, central texts, and ritual practices. Begins with the religions of small and tribal societies (e.g., African, Native American), moves through religions of complex societies (e.g., Hinduism), and then studies the various traditions that emanated from ancient revelations: Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and certain new forms of Christianity. This initial survey of world religions prepares students for HIST 484. Writing intensive.

HIST 490 - Medieval History through Film
Credits: 4.00
This course is intended to give students an opportunity to come to grips with some of the central questions that historians ask, namely how do we know what we know (epistemology), and what image of the past are we trying to create (history). Students read (1) scholarly literature (2) contemporary narrative sources (3) and watch films that depict events that are described in these narrative sources.

HIST 497 - Explorations in Historical Perspectives
Credits: 4.00
Seminar for freshmen and sophomores. In-depth exploration of a particular historical question or topic: for example, the French Revolution, Chaucer's England, or the New Deal. Students should consult with the Department of History for a list of topics and instructors.

HIST 497H - Honors/Explorations in Historical Perspectives
Credits: 4.00
Seminar for freshmen and sophomores. In-depth exploration of a particular historical question or topic: for example, the French Revolution, Chaucer's England, or the New Deal. Students should consult with the Department of History for a list of topics and instructors. Writing intensive.

HIST 497W - Explorations in Historical Perspectives
Credits: 4.00
Seminar for freshmen and sophomores. In-depth exploration of a particular historical question or topic: for example, the French Revolution, Chaucer's England, or the New Deal. Students should consult with the Department of History for a list of topics and instructors. Writing intensive.

HIST 498 - Expl Hist Perspectives (C)
Credits: 4.00
Seminar for freshmen and sophomores. In-depth exploration of a particular historical question or topic: for example, the French Revolution, Chaucer's England, or the New Deal. Students should consult with the Department of History for a list of topics and instructors.

HIST 500 - Introduction to Historical Thinking
Credits: 4.00
Basic skills essential to the study of history: critical reading of historical literature, improvement of written and oral analysis of historical material, and use of library resources. Intensive study of books and documents from varying historical fields and periods. Required of history majors; open to other interested students. Writing intensive.

HIST 501 - Medieval Military History
Credits: 4.00
Western societies from the Roman Empire to the emerging nation states of early modern Europe spent an enormous proportion of their surplus wealth on war. This course introduces this crucial aspect of Western history and examines the period extending from the third century AD, to just before the extensive introduction into Europe of gunpowder weapons in the fifteenth century. Discussion of not only battlefield tactics and famous generals but also the effect that war had upon society as a whole and the economic ramifications of war, the Christianization of war, and the effect of war upon literature.

HIST 502 - Latin Readings in Medieval History
Credits: 1.00
Provides students with an opportunity to read medieval sources in their original language. Helps students with a background in Latin improve their reading ability, and exposes them to the challenges of conducting historical research in a foreign language. Latin readings taken from many of the major medieval narratives sources from the fifth through the fourteenth century. May be repeated up to a maximum of 8 credits. Prereq: LATN 402 or equivalent.

HIST 503 - Soviet Dreamers, Despots, and Dissidents
Credits: 4.00
Through the study of individual biographies and writings of male and female Russian revolutionaries, Soviet leaders, and prominent dissidents, course examines the question of how the combination of Russian culture and Marxism created both cruel despotism and profound advocacy for social justice and universal human rights. Lecture and discussion. Response papers and essay exams. Readings include revolutionary texts, laws, biographies, novels, films, and scholarly articles about 20th century Russia/USSR. Writing intensive.

HIST 505 - African American History
Credits: 4.00
Experiences, aspirations, and contributions of black Americans from their ethnic origins in Africa to the present American crisis in race relations; comparative study of cultures and institutions. Colonial America to the Civil War. Writing intensive.

HIST 506 - African American History
Credits: 4.00
Experiences, aspirations, and contributions of black Americans from their ethnic origins in Africa to the present American crisis in race relations; comparative study of cultures and institutions. Reconstruction to the present. Writing intensive.

HIST 509 - Law in American Life
Credits: 4.00
Investigates the role of law in American social, political, and economic life from the European settlements to the present. Traces the development of legal institutions, but focuses on the various functions of law (e.g., in structuring social relationships, allocating resources, defining governmental authority, expressing social and moral values, and as a mechanism for control).

HIST 511 - History of New Hampshire
Credits: 4.00
From pre-settlement times to the present, emphasizing the use of locally available materials and sources. Writing intensive.

HIST #521 - Origins of Modern Science
Credits: 4.00
Development of scientific ideas in Europe from the Renaissance through the Scientific Revolution to the Enlightenment. Topics include themes in the physical and biological sciences and their relations to cultural and social contexts. No special science background is required.

HIST #522 - Science in the Modern World
Credits: 4.00
Development of science, particularly in Europe and North America, from the 18th century to the present. Themes including Darwinism, the growth of modern physical and biological sciences and science in the contemporary world. No special science background is required.

HIST 532 - Modern Latin America
Credits: 4.00
Provides a broad overview of Latin America from the 18th century to the present. It examines the breakdown of colonial rules, the establishment of independent countries, the formation of viable nation states, the importance of geography, the roles of the different elements of society. Social, political, and economic changes and continuities emphasized to give a sense of the ambiguities of the historical process. Cultural differences illustrated with slides and music. The effects of elite rule and of United States interventions studied. Writing intensive.

HIST 537 - Espionage and History
Credits: 4.00
Introduces the history and politics of espionage and intelligence organizations in modern times. Special attention to intelligence work among the major powers in World War I, World War II, and the Cold War. Readings include autobiographical accounts and other primary sources as well as novels.

HIST 538 - Modern European War and Society: The Napoleonic Wars to World War II
Credits: 4.00
This course is organized around three conflicts: the Napoleonic Wars, World War I, and World War II. As we study them, we'll discuss the evolution and impact of total war in order to understand how societies work in wartime and how these conflicts have shaped Europe. In our Exploration of each war, we examine a range of participants from international alliances to individual soldiers and civilians involved in the conflict. Total war, by its nature, incorporates most elements of society, so we will spend time looking at the homefronts as well as the battlefronts. We will survey the conflicts as a whole, but also devote time to some special events or elements. For example, we will look at the battle of Somme during the portion of the course dedicated to World War I. We will also study some of the art that arose out of the conflict. The core of the class will be lectures, but we will engage in some discussion almost every day and there are some classes that will be dedicated to discussion.

HIST 540 - Foundations of Medieval History: 300-1300 CE
Credits: 4.00
Introduces the history of Western Europe from the end of the Roman Empire to the late twelfth century. Particular focus on the history of Christianity, social and economic structures, the role of women in medieval culture, and literacy and learning. Writing intensive.

HIST 560 - History of Great Britain
Credits: 4.00
History of Great Britain from the earliest times to the present; from social, constitutional, economic, political, and intellectual perspectives. Designed for the history student as well as students interested in literature, western political and social systems, American studies, education, and pre-law.

HIST 563 - Introduction to Russian Culture and Civilization
Credits: 4.00
Interdisciplinary course on the development of Russian culture from its origins through the end of the 19th century. Historical documents, literary works, ethnographic materials, films, slides of Russian art, and music.

HIST 565 - Women in Modern Europe
Credits: 4.00
A social history of women in Europe from 1700 to the present. Examines the development of the "modern nuclear family," transformations in women's work during the industrial revolution, and women's political evolution from bread rioters to hearth tenders to petitioners. Sources include published diaries, historiographical studies, and novels.

HIST 575 - Ancient Near East
Credits: 4.00
From the Neolithic revolution to the time of Alexander the Great. Rise of civilization; nature of human artistic and intellectual development in the earliest civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt; Judaism in its historical setting.

HIST #576 - Hebrew Bible in Historical Context
Credits: 4.00
An introductory study of the Hebrew Bible, or Old Testament, examining the development of biblical literature in the context of ancient Near Eastern cultures and history. Interpretations of the creation stories and patriarchal narratives using literary and folklore methods; the transformation of Israelite religion from Moses to David to Ezra; the role of prophets and nature of ancient prophecy; the concept of the messiah; "wisdom" literature and the biblical interpretations of misfortune; the formation of a biblical canon; and the critical analysis of sacred texts. (Also offered as RS 576.) Writing intensive.

HIST 579 - History of China in Modern Times
Credits: 4.00
The transformation of Chinese society from 1600 to the present. Attention will be given to political and cultural developments as well as China's interaction with the outside world.

HIST 580 - History of Japan in Modern Times
Credits: 4.00
Explores major tendencies in Japanese history from the Tokugawa period to present. Will stress the interrelatedness of political, social, institutional, and literary developments so as to achieve a complex view of modern Japanese society.

HIST #583 - Mystic and Saint in Islam
Credits: 4.00
Examines how and why a cult of Sufi saints became such a significant part of religious practice in medieval Islamic Egypt and Anatolia.

HIST 585 - Venture of Islam: 6th-15th Century
Credits: 4.00
The origins and expansion of Islam and the development of the Muslim community from the time of Muhammad until the Islamic empires of the 16th century. Attention is given to religious and artistic as well as political developments.

HIST #586 - Islam in the Modern Age, 15th Century to present
Credits: 4.00
Emergence of modern Middle Eastern states and societies from the time of the Ottoman Empire to the present. A survey of major developments, including the emergence of nationalism, the Islamic resurgence, and social transformations.

HIST 587 - History of Africa South of the Sahara
Credits: 4.00
From ancient times to the present. Semester I: from prehistoric times to 1870. African migrations, kingdoms, and societies; African responses to the slave trade; Islam; European imperialism, colonialism, and industrialization; African nationalism, independence, and post-independence problems.

HIST 588 - History of Africa South of the Sahara
Credits: 4.00
From ancient times to the present. Semester II: from 1870 to present. African migrations, kingdoms, and societies; African responses to the slave trade; Islam; European imperialism, colonialism, and industrialization; African nationalism, independence, and post-independence problems.

HIST 589 - Islam in Africa
Credits: 4.00
Focuses on the advent, spread, and major consequences of Islam in Africa. Examines the major phases of Islamic expansion: early conquests in North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula, the spread of Islam across the Sahara into the Sudan, the jihadist and reformist movements of the 18th and 19th centuries and the development of Islam during the colonial and postcolonial era. Emphasizes the varieties of the practice of Islam, the role of Islam in states formation and the impact of Islam on the religious and social life of the African peoples. The intersections of Islam with the issues of trade, slavery, politics, gender, imperialism, and modernization, the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, the place of North Africa within the Mediterranean Islamic culture, as well as the relationships of Islam with indigenous religions and with Christianity in African history and societies explored.

HIST 595 - Explorations
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
See department listings for semester topic. Topic Empire, Democracy, and War is Writing intensive.

HIST 596 - Explorations
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
See department listings for semester topic.

HIST 597 - Medicine and Society
Credits: 4.00
Explores the history of medical theory and practice in Europe from the twelfth to the early seventeenth century. Themes include: 1) varities of healing strategies, including naturalistic, magical, astrological, religious, and supernatural; 2) attitudes to the body, health and disease; 3) the broad range of healers who practiced healing arts, including learned physicans, surgeons, barbers, midwives, wise women, saints, and even charlatans; 4) the kinds of institutions devoted to promoting health, including the home, the hospital, and the monastery.

HIST 600 - Advanced Explorations
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
See department listings for semester topic. Barring duplication of subject, may be repeated up to a maximum of 8 credits.

HIST 601 - Seminar in Religious Texts
Credits: 4.00
Close study of sacred text(s) from a particular religious tradition (Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, etc.) or a thematic selection of texts across religions. (Also offered as RS 601.)

HIST 602 - Holocaust: The War on Europe's Jews
Credits: 4.00
The attempted destruction of European Jewry during the Third Reich is one of the pivotal events in the history of modern Western Civilization. Course explores the circumstances and behavior of the Jews (as victims, resistors, survivors), the perpetrators (German and non-German), bystanders (German, European, and American), and rescuers (German and non-German). Attention is also given to such post-1945 matters as justice, compensation, and memory.

HIST 603 - European Conquest of America
Credits: 4.00
Study of the social consequences of colonization, migration, and war in America, 1500-1775. Emphasis on the interaction of British colonies with competing European cultures (French, Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish), with Native Americans, and with African American slaves.

HIST 604 - History of Medicine in the United States
Credits: 4.00
Have you been a patient, a nurse, or a holder of insurance? Almost everyone in the United States has a role in health care. We study the growth and development of the field of American medicine from colonial times to the present, examining the changing relationships between patients, health care professionals, technology, government, and others. The focus will be shifts in responsibility and authority over time from patients, to doctors, and even to businesses.

HIST 605 - Revolutionary America, 1750-1788
Credits: 4.00
Examines the social, political, and cultural transformation of thirteen British colonies into the United States, up to the adoption of the Constitution.

HIST 606 - History of the Early Republic
Credits: 4.00
Explores the histories of the people and institutions that transformed the new United States from a coastal republic of largely independent freeholders to a transcontinental democracy increasingly driven by class. Topics include slavery, the family, reform movements, and the formation of national identity.

HIST 609 - Special Topics in American Legal History
Credits: 4.00
In-depth thematic exploration of law in American life. Topics include race and equality in America; community, pluralism, and American law; property, liberty, and law; gender and law. May be repeated for credit with instructor's permission. Prereq: HIST 509 or instructor's permission. Consult department listings of topics. Writing intensive.

HIST 611 - Civil War Era
Credits: 4.00
Surveys the period from the presidency of Andrew Jackson to the end of the Reconstruction. Focuses on causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War. Topics include slavery in the Old South, antebellum reform movements, creation and breakdown of the Second Party System, social and economic (as well as military) events during the war and major developments during Reconstruction after the war.

HIST 612 - Emergence of Industrial America
Credits: 4.00
Investigates the economic transformation of 19th-century America from a rural, agricultural society to an urban, industrial one. Explores the sweeping economic changes and focuses on such topics as change in work and leisure, westward expansion and its effects on Native Americans, shifts in gender roles, growth of a consumer culture, rise of the labor unions, Populism, immigration, reform and regulation movements, growth of American imperialism, and intellectual developments.

HIST 613 - American Ways of War
Credits: 4.00
"Is there an American way of war?" This commonly asked question will be the focal point of the course. To answer that we will study the interactions of both war and society in the United States from the Civil War onwards, addressing such issues as the causes, courses, diplomacy, homefront, legacy, and the art of the great and small wars.

HIST 615 - United States Progressivism to the New Deal
Credits: 4.00
United States from 1900 to 1941: cultural, political, and social factors causing major changes in American life.

HIST 616 - United States Since World War II
Credits: 4.00
United States since 1941; cultural, political, and social factors causing major changes in American life.

HIST 617 - Vietnam War
Credits: 4.00
An advanced interdisciplinary study of the American experience in Vietnam which utilizes fiction, film, music, and historical analysis to examine such matters as how and why the United States became involved in Vietnam, went to war there, and failed to win, as well as the consequences and legacies of that fateful conflict. It is strongly suggested that students first complete courses in modern American history.

HIST 618 - American Environmental History
Credits: 4.00
Examines how nature has been a factor in American history and how Americans have wrestled with the concepts of nature and culture. Topics include industrialization, evolution, conservationism, environmentalism, and environmental diplomacy.

HIST 619 - Foreign Relations of the United States
Credits: 4.00
The history of American diplomacy from the colonial era to the present, with the dividing point at 1900. The focus will be on both the foreign and domestic influences that shaped American diplomacy.

HIST 620 - Foreign Relations of the United States
Credits: 4.00
The history of American diplomacy from the colonial era to the present, with the dividing point at 1900. The focus will be on both the foreign and domestic influences that shaped American diplomacy.

HIST 621 - History of American Thought
Credits: 4.00
Significant American thinkers considered in their social context. Dividing point at 1860.

HIST 622 - History of American Thought
Credits: 4.00
Significant American thinkers considered in their social context. 1860 to present.

HIST #623 - Early American Social and Cultural History
Credits: 4.00
Gives students the opportunity to explore some of the recent findings of scholars who have studied Early American social and cultural history. Focuses on the experiences of Anglo-Americans and on the experiences of many of the other people with whom Anglo-Americans were frequently in contact, and who also shaped Early America. Includes consideration of the pan-Atlantic context of Early America, cross-cultural contacts, family and gender, labor systems, religious observations, crime, and other themes explored in recent social and cultural theory.

HIST 624 - Topics in Modern United States Social History
Credits: 4.00
Advanced study of topics in U.S. social history since the Age of Jackson. Topics will vary; may include slavery and the antebellum South, reform movements in U.S. history, family history, labor history, the impact of war on American society, race in recent U.S. history. May be repeated as topics change.

HIST 625 - Southern History and Literature since the Civil War
Credits: 4.00
Equal focus on the history and literature of the South since the Civil War. Topics include reconstruction, the age of segregation, and the Civil Rights Movement. Literary focus is on the period since 1920, including the "Southern Renaissance." Authors include William Faulkner, Robert Penn Warren, Flannery O'Connor, and Zora Neale Hurston.

HIST 632 - Latin American History: Topics
Credits: 4.00
Topics vary (see department listing for current semester). Seminar entails reading, discussion, and research on literature and documents related to the selected topic. Provides students with the opportunity to do research under close direction.

HIST 633 - Medieval England 800-1300
Credits: 4.00
This course provides students with an opportunity to gain an in-depth understanding of the history of medieval England from the beginning of the period of consolidation under the Wessex dynasty in the ninth-century through the end of the thirteenth century. In addition to obtaining a large corpus of information through the reading of a significant monographs dealing with England during this period, students will be challenged to develop the critical analytical skills necessary for the thorough understanding and practice of historical methodologies, with a particular focus on the practice of historical method in writing medieval history. Finally, students will be given the opportunity to improve their communications skills through extensive class discussions dealing with the scholarly works read for this course, and in writing assignments.

HIST 634 - Medieval Empires
Credits: 4.00
This course will explore the intellectual and political foundations of imperial rule in the Middle Ages with a particular focus on the Carolingian, German, and byzantine empires of the early and high Middle Ages. The course will begin with the development of the idea of empire under Alexander the Great and then during the Roman empire. The course will then turn to an examination of how the rulers of the three great empires of the western Middle Ages adapted the classical ideas and practices of empire for their purposes. The course focuses on sources. Background material will be provided in short lectures.

HIST 640 - Holy War in the Holy Land: The Medieval Crusades
Credits: 4.00
Survey of the medieval military expeditions organized by Christians to secure the Holy Land during the 12th and 13th centuries. Topics considered include the formulation of a "just war" theory; political, intellectual, religious, and military interactions between Christians, Jews, and Muslims; the Crusader State of Jerusalem; and the histories of individual crusades.

HIST 641 - Europe after the Black Death
Credits: 4.00
Explores the dramatic changes that characterized Western Europe as it rebounded in the fifteenth through the seventeenth centuries from the ravages of the Black Death of 1348. Examines the social, political, and artistic developments in late medieval and Renaissance Italy before "crossing the Alps" to trace the expansion of Renaissance culture in Northern Europe. Topics include the humanist movement; new patterns of social organization; the revival of classical antiquity in the arts, architecture, religion, and political theory; the effects on European society of the encounter with the "New World"; shifting roles for men and women in early modern European societies; religious war and conflict.

HIST 642 - Saints, Sinners, and Heretics: Europe in the Age of Religious Reform
Credits: 4.00
Examines the history of Western Christendom from roughly 1400 to 1600, a period od tumultuous religious change throughout Europe. We begin in the Middle Ages where the seeds of religious division were sown. We then tackle Martin Luther's challenge to the Catholic church, trace the diffusion of his message throughout Europe, and address the Catholic response to the evangelizing movements that he inspired. Finally we investigate some of the regional varieties of Protestantism that developed in the latter half of the sixteenth century with a particular focus on Switzerland, Germany, England, Scotland, France, and the Netherlands.

HIST 644 - Victorian Britain
Credits: 4.00
The Victorian Era was a time of contrasts. Upon the throne sat Queen Victoria, a monarch known for her moral uprightness, sexual probity and rigid sense of decorum. The streets of London, however, teemed with prostitutes, pickpockets and impoverished Irish immigrants whose lives seemed untouched by either the prosperity or moral stringency that characterized the age. In this class we explore the varieties of Victorian experience both at home and in the global empire Britain had amassed during the nineteenth century. Examining sources such as the novels of Charles Dickens, the decorative arts of William Morris, and the scientific writings of Charles Darwin, we attempt to uncover the many-faceted culture, society and political life of Victorian Britain. The instructor places a strong emphasis on reading, class participation and writing.

HIST #645 - 19th Century European Great Powers - Diplomacy and International Law
Credits: 4.00
In this course, we will study power in Europe during the apogee of that region's strength. The long nineteenth century is a period during which Europe avoided major continent-wide (and world-wide) wars, despite constant upheavals. That is a remarkable accomplishment when one compares the events of the nineteenth century with those of the twentieth, despite the fact that the former influenced the latter. Focus is on those who wielded power internationally, including dealmakers, deal-breakers, manipulators, and idealists. To express, test, restrain, or leverage power, actors engaged in wars and negotiations that led to a range of contracts from treaties, such as the Treaty of Fontainbleau ending Napoleon's reign; to alliances, like the Anglo-Japanese Naval Alliance ending Britain's "splendid isolation" from international partnerships; to conferences, including the Hage Conventions regulating wars. In addition, it is important to look at statutes influencing foreign policy, as did the Second German Naval Law of 1900 which increased European tensions before World War I. Examining the relations of powerful nineteenth century states, therefore, illuminates international law as well as more traditional elements of diplomacy. Students learn about 19th century great powers of Europe and important pieces of international legal relationships as well as develop critical thinking and communication skills.

HIST #647 - Early Modern France
Credits: 4.00
Explores the culture and politics of early modern French society. Popular culture, religion, gender relations, the family, state-building, political theory, and revolution are emphasized. Primary documents in translation are read and discussion is encouraged.

HIST 648 - Modern France
Credits: 4.00
French society from Napoleon to Mitterand. Topics include the Revolution of 1848 and the Paris Commune; World Wars and the Vichy regime; Existentialism, DeGaulle, and the Revolt of May-June 1968.

HIST 652 - Topics in European Intellectual History
Credits: 4.00
Explores such major developments as the Enlightenment, Russian intellectual history, and the relationship between gender and intellectual history. Includes topics since the Renaissance. Since topics vary, students should check the department newsletter or office for course theme in any given term. May be repeated as topics change to a maximum of 12 credits.

HIST 654 - Topics in History of Science
Credits: 4.00
Advanced study of a selected topic in the history of European science since the Renaissance.

HIST 656 - 20th Century Europe
Credits: 4.00
World War I, European totalitarianisms, World War II, the loss of European primacy and the search for a new Europe.

HIST 662 - England in the Tudor and Stuart Periods
Credits: 4.00
England experienced great upheaval under the Tudor and Stuart dynasties. This course explores many of the key political, religious, social and economic changes that changed the face of England in the 16th and 17th centuries. We will study all of the Tudor and Stuart monarchs, and we will focus particularly on the following topics: Henry VIII, the English Reformation, Elizabeth I, Commons v. Nobility, the English Civil Wars and the execution of Charles I, the Restoration and the Glorious Revolution.

HIST 664 - Russia: Modernization through Soviet Empire
Credits: 4.00
The challenges of modernization, experience and legacy of Leninist and Stalinist revolutions. Soviet consolidation and decline through the Gorbachev era.

HIST 665 - Themes in Women's History
Credits: 4.00
In-depth examination of a selected topic in women's history. Topics may include Women and Health, Women in Modern European Political Theory, Comparative History of Women and Revolution. See Time and Room Schedule of history department newsletter for the specific topic. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

HIST 666 - Environmental History of Northwest Atlantic Commercial Fisheries
Credits: 4.00
After centuries of ground-fishing humans have radically transformed the northwest Atlantic marine ecosystem, creating a tragedy for both fish and fisherman. This marine environmental history course considers the changing technology, ecology, and sociology of the commercial fishery off New England and the Canadian maritime from 1500 to the present.

HIST 669 - Germany from 1918 to Present
Credits: 4.00
Begins with the revolution of 1918 and then explores the political, social, and intellectual character of the Weimar Republic, the rise and nature of Nazism, the Holocaust, the foundation of both the German Democratic Republic and Federal Republic and their evolution in the shadow of the Cold War, and concludes with the unification of Germany after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.

HIST 675 - Early History of Ancient Greece
Credits: 4.00
Greek history from the Minoan and Mycenaean eras through the Persian Wars of the early fifth century. Emphasis on original sources including the Homeric epics, Plutarch, Sappho, and Herodotus. Examination of the distinctive developments of political systems in Sparta and Athens, as well as issues of colonization, diplomacy, religion and culture. Thorough discussion of types of available evidence and their integration into historical understanding.

HIST 676 - Classical and Hellenistic Greek Worlds
Credits: 4.00
Greek history from the Persian Wars of the early fifth century through the life of Alexander the Great and the creation of the Hellenistic world. Emphasizes original sources including Herodotus, Thucydides, the Athenian playwrights, and Plato. Examines the transformation from city-state political organization to large Hellenistic kingdoms, as well as discussion of Greek historiography, intellectual life, and social theory. Thorough discussion of types of available evidence and their integration into historical understanding.

HIST 677 - Roman Republic
Credits: 4.00
Covers pre-Roman Italy, the Etruscans, and the foundation of the Republic, Rome's expansion through the Punic Wars, relations with the Hellenistic kingdoms, and disintegration and final collapse of the Republic. Includes discussions of Roman art, engineering, and political theory. Emphasis on Latin sources in philosophy, history, and literature.

HIST 678 - Roman Empire
Credits: 4.00
Collapse of the Roman Republic and creation of the Augustan principate. History of the principate through the division of the empire, with discussion of the fall of Rome in the west and the eastern empire through Justinian. Discusses Roman art, literature, philosophy, and religious developments such as the proliferation of mystery religions and the rise of Christianity.

HIST 679 - Rights Revolution
Credits: 4.00
It is all but impossible to think or talk about contemporary legal and moral controversies without invoking the idea of "rights." Yet few of us can claim a clear understanding of this pivotal concept. Historically, how have particular claims, preferences, and socio-economic interests attained the status of publicly-recognized "rights" Are there other ways to conceptualize and prioritize rights, other forms of "rights talk," than the ones we currently employ? History 679 takes as its point of departure the enormous expansion in rights claimed by both individuals and groups in recent decades -- the "rights revolution." This development has elicited both praise and alarm, and we will examine the philosophical, moral, and political dimensions of each.

HIST 680 - Historical Geography
Credits: 4.00
Introduces major themes, important scholars, and commonly used research techniques in historical geography. Course is reading and research oriented. Focus is on North America. Writing intensive. (Also listed as GEOG 680.)

HIST 681 - Modern China Topics
Credits: 4.00
Problems in modern Chinese history from 1800 to the present. Topics may vary. Students read translated primary sources, analyze literary works, and write critical essays and a research paper. History 579 is recommended.

HIST 682 - Cults and Charisma
Credits: 4.00
Examines religious sects and charismatic leaders using case studies from history and the contemporary world, as well as analytical principles from religious studies and anthropology. Explores various approaches to the question: what makes a person powerful over others, in connection with the formation of messianic sects, the genesis of the "cult," the traditional authority of priests and kings, sainthood, the events at Jonestown and Waco, and the popular image of the "cult." Students learn to employ a variety of tools and models to understand historical situations of charismatic leadership. (Also offered as RS 682.)

HIST 684 - History of Southern Africa since 1652
Credits: 4.00
Examines the major themes in the history of a troubled sub-region of Africa. In-depth exploration of the nature and impact of socio-cultural formations, the evolution of centralized societies, the initiation and expansion of white settlements, and the Mfecane revolution. Analysis of the dynamics and consequences of European imperialism, economic competition and industrialization, European settler-nationalism, racial conflict, slavery, class and gender politics, Indian and African nationalism, democratization, and development in post-colonial and post-apartheid Southern Africa.

HIST 688 - African Religions
Credits: 4.00
An interdisciplinary introduction to basic principles of African religions including historical and recent developments in the study of religion in Africa. Covers the place of religion in African societies and the interrelatedness of religion with myth, ritual, music, art, orality, gender, economics, social process, illness and healing, and kingship and power. Particular attention to African religions in the Americas and the history and impact of Islam and Christianity in Africa. Helps students to understand what is typical about religion, and special about African religion, while appreciating the role of religion in non-Western societies. Slides, films, maps and other visual aids as well as readings.

HIST 691 - Internship
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
Supervised internship with a governmental agency, private corporation, philanthropic institution, library, archives, museum, historical society, or other institution seeking individuals interested in historical research. May be repeated up to a maximum of 8 credits. Cr/F.

HIST 695 - Independent Study
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
A) Early American History, B) American National History, C) Canada, D) Latin America, E) Medieval History, F) Early Modern Europe, G) Modern European History, H) Ancient History, I) Far East and India, J) Near East and Africa, K) European Historiography, L) American Historiography, M) Russia, N) World History, O) English History, P) New Hampshire History, Q) Historical Methodology, R) Irish History, S) History of Science, T) Maritime, U) Museum Studies. For students showing a special aptitude in history who desire to study an area or subject for which no appropriate course is offered. May be repeated up to a maximum of 8 credits. Prereq: permission

HIST 698 - Internship in Museum Studies
Credits: 4.00
Supervised position with a museum, historical society, archive, or other history related site. Cr/F.

HIST 701 - Seminar: Historical Explorations
Credits: 4.00
A seminar for advanced undergraduates and graduate students on a selected topic. Topics will vary by semester. This course is discussion-based and meets once a week. There are no prerequisites for this course, but students should expect to be assigned substantial reading and writing.

HIST 771 - Museum Studies
Credits: 4.00
Introduction to theory, methods, and practice of museum studies. Examination of various museum functions, as well as contemporary historical controversies.

HIST 772 - Studies in Regional Material Culture
Credits: 4.00
Introduces the theory and methodology of material culture, that is, the study of history through the analysis of buildings, human-created landscapes, and artifacts made and used in the United States, particularly in New England. May be repeated for credit with permission of undergraduate adviser.

HIST 774 - Historiography
Credits: 4.00
Analysis of ancient and modern historians. Open to undergraduates with permission. (Not offered every year.)

HIST 775 - Historical Methods
Credits: 4.00
Contemporary historical methods. Required of all entering Ph.D. candidates; open to undergraduate with permission. (Not offered every year.)

HIST 780 - Special Topics in Museum Studies/Material Culture
Credits: 4.00
Study of a selected topic related to museum studies or material culture. May be repeated for course credit with permission of the undergraduate adviser.

HIST 787 - Quantitative Methods and Computers for Historians
Credits: 4.00
The historian's use of computers and statistics: opportunities and problems in using and analyzing quantitative sources; elementary statistical techniques; practical applications involving microcomputers and applications programs. No previous knowledge of computers or college mathematics is assumed or required. Prereq: admission as an undergraduate major or graduate student in history; or permission of the instructor. (Not offered every year.)

HIST 789 - Seminar in the History of Science
Credits: 4.00
In-depth examination of a selected topic in the history of science. Subject varies. Open to undergraduates with permission of the instructor. No special background in science required.

HIST 796 - Research Internship
Credits: 2.00 to 4.00
Intensive collaborative experience in research for undergraduate majors. Students gain professional skills while assisting a faculty member on a continuing research project. Permission Required.

HIST 797 - Colloquium
Credits: 4.00
Selected topics in American, European, and non-Western history. Required of history majors. Students must elect section in the department office at the time of registration. Prereq: HIST 500. Writing intensive.

HIST 799 - Senior Thesis
Credits: 4.00
Supervised research leading to the presentation of a major research paper. Open only to history majors. Permission of department chairperson required. May not be used as a substitute for the required senior colloquium.