EOS

UNH and Southwest Research Institute to Collaborate on Space, Earth and Ocean Science Research

UNH and the Southwest Research Institute have signed a 5-year research collaboration agreement. Roy Torbert, UNH professor of physics and director of the UNH Space Science Center, says it "will allow UNH to expand our involvement into larger and more complex space missions, and SwRI will be able to tap into UNH’s expertise to diversify its program into Earth and ocean science.”

SwRI will open a new department — the SwRI Earth, Oceans and Space (SwRI-EOS) Department — at UNH’s Durham, N.H., campus, which will be led by Torbert.

Forest Watch Documents Record Loss of White Pine Needles - an Indicator of Environmental Stress in Northern New England

Data released this week by the UNH’s Forest Watch program show that 2010 marked the first time in 20 years of the program’s observations that white pines did not retain important older needles. Recent samples and measurements made by students and teachers may suggest that a new environmental stressor appeared in spring 2010 and has affected new needles that opened in 2010, 2011, and 2012.

UNH Developing New Telescope for Solar Orbiter, a Joint European Space Agency/NASA Mission

A telescope currently being developed by a UNH team for the Solar Orbiter mission is based on one built at UNH and currently aboard NASA's twin Solar-Terrestrial Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft.

EOS Scientists Help Shape the Next Tools for Studying Earth Systems from Space

Oceanographer Joe Salisbury of the Ocean Process Analysis Laboratory and atmospheric scientist Carolyn Jordan of the Earth Systems Research Center are part of a large group of scientists from around the country working to define the science questions and the instrument/mission requirements for a new Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events satellite (GEO-CAPE).

UNH Astrophysicists Create First Web-based Tool for Predicting Space Radiation Risks

Astrophysicists from UNH’s Space Science Center (SSC) have created the first online system for predicting and forecasting the radiation environment in near-Earth, lunar, and Martian space environments. The near real-time tool will provide critical information as preparations are made for potential future manned missions to the moon and Mars.

Associate professor of physics Nathan Schwadron of the UNH Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space (EOS), which houses the SSC, is the lead developer of the new web-based tool known as PREDICCS.

UNH Researchers to Use Satellite Imagery in Study of Michigan Archaeological Sites

Researchers from UNH have received a grant from NASA’s Space Archaeology program to investigate the transition of indigenous hunter-gatherer cultures to agricultural-based communities in the U.S. Great Lakes region prior to European contact between AD 1200-1600.

The focus of the study will be to determine if “micrometeorological lake effects” around major inland lakes contributed to settlement and development of prehistoric agriculture by creating favorable conditions for an extended growing season.

Space Scientists Explain Physical Mechanisms of Sun Explosions

In a paper just published in Nature Physics, an international team of space scientists, including researcher Noé Lugaz in the Space Science Center of the UNH Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, explains the mysterious physical mechanisms underlying the origin of sun’s powerful coronal mass ejections (CMEs).

Environmental Scientist Barrett N. Rock Retires - Sort Of

Earth Systems Research Center botanist Barry Rock officially retired in late May after 40 years of teaching and research, including 25 at UNH.  However, he will still serve as director of Forest Watch, which he founded 21 years ago.  Forest Watch is a unique program that engages primary and secondary school students in the hands-on collection and processing of field data relating to air pollution damage in forest stands.

RESEARCH PROFILE: James Ryan – Using Space Technology to Detect Radiation Threats on Earth

Dr. James Ryan and his team in UNH's Space Science Center (SSC) are using his research into neutrons and gamma rays from space to construct the Portable Neutron Spectroscope (NSPECT), a device that will allow authorities to pinpoint from a safe distance materials used to make a nuclear bomb.

Citizen Scientists Help with Winter Landscape Study Investigating Reforestation and Climate Change in NH

Citizen scientists are helping doctoral student Elizabeth Burakowski and her adviser Cameron Wake (of the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space) collect data for the first study ever to measure the albedo of the New Hampshire landscape in winter.  Changes in albedo (the amount of solar radiation reflected from the Earth's surface) due to reforestation of previously-cleared areas may play a role in climate change in New England.

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