The New Nonviolence
Ferber argues that there have been three main phases of nonviolence in action: individual Christian witness and martyrdom; Gandhian mass movements involving pacifism, fasting, meditation, etc.; and secular non-pacifist but still nonviolent mass movements. There have been many successful(and some unsuccessful) examples of the last of these in the last 25 years (e.g., Phillippines, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Chile, USSR, Serbia, Ukraine, Burma). How do they work?