This course provides an introduction, at the graduate level, to the new perspectives reshaping the field of history of science. The focus is primarily on recent developments in historical methods, with examples drawn from studies of European and American science and technology in the period from the Renaissance to the present. Themes will include: science in early-modern culture, theories of social construction of scientific knowledge, the influence of philosophy and literary theory in science studies, feminist and gender analyses of modern science and technology, the role of science in modern culture, and the making of large-scale technological systems. All previous knowledge will be relevant, but none will be assumed.
Instructor: Professor Jan Golinski Email:
Office: Horton 301D Phone: 862-3789
Classes: W 4.10-6.00 Horton 445
Office hours: M 11.00-12.00, F 2.00-3.00, and by appointment
Instructor’s web page: http://www.unh.edu/history/golinski/index.html
Required books (available from UNH Bookstore and Durham Book Exchange):
Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
(3rd ed., Chicago, 1996, ISBN: 0226458083).
Mario Biagioli (ed.), The Science Studies Reader (Routledge, 1999, ISBN: 0415918685).
Mario Biagioli, Galileo, Courtier (Chicago, 1994, ISBN: 0226045609).
Jan Golinski, Making Natural Knowledge (Cambridge, 1998, ISBN: 0521449138).
Michel Foucault, Power/Knowledge (Pantheon Books, 1981, ISBN: 039473954).
Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer, Leviathan and the Air-Pump (Princeton, 1989, ISBN: 0691024324).
Christopher Lawrence and Steven Shapin (eds.), Science Incarnate (Chicago, 1998, ISBN: 0226470148).
Bruno Latour, Science in Action (Harvard, 1988, ISBN: 0674792912).
Attendance and participation in the seminar classes is essential. To encourage thorough reading of the materials and thoughtful contributions to discussions, you are required to write six short reports on the readings marked *. These will be collected at the end of each class but not graded immediately. I shall write comments on the reports and hand them back for rewriting before they are graded. The reports will comprise 30% of the grade. Another 30% will be assigned for an essay review (c. 1500-2000 words, due 20 October) of a monograph in a relevant field. The choice of monograph will be yours, in consultation with me, excluding those we will be reading in the course. The remaining 40% will be awarded for the final paper (c. 3000-4000 words, due Monday 13 December). Final papers may take the form of historiographical surveys of a particular area of scholarship or pieces of primary research. By the date of our first consultation (27 October), you should have decided upon a topic and prepared a preliminary bibliography.
Schedule of classes:
1 Sep Introduction: Disciplines, Approaches, Resources
8 Sep Pioneers (I): Thomas Kuhn
Reading: Kuhn, Structure of Scientific Revolutions *
15 Sep Pioneers (II): The Strong Program and SSK
Reading: Golinski, Making Natural Knowledge, intro., chap. 1.
and Biagioli, Science Studies Reader, chaps. 7 (Collins), 19 (Latour), 25 (Pickering), 30 (Rouse)
22 Sep Pioneers (III): Michel Foucault
Reading: Foucault, Power/Knowledge (extracts) *
and Golinski, Making Natural Knowledge, chap. 2(ii)
29 Sep Early-Modern Science (I)
Reading: Shapin and Schaffer, Leviathan and the Air-Pump (extracts) *
6 Oct Early-Modern Science (II)
Reading: Golinski, Making Natural Knowledge, chap. 2(i)
and Biagioli, Galileo, Courtier (extracts) *
13 Oct Gender and Identity
Reading: Lawrence and Shapin, eds., Science Incarnate (extracts) *
and Biagioli, Science Studies Reader, chaps. 2 (Biagioli), 11 (Hacking)
20 Oct Gender and Sexuality
Reading: Biagioli, Science Studies Reader, chaps. 1 (Barad), 12 (Haraway), 16 (Keller), 24 (Martin), 35 (Turkle), 36 (Wylie)
27 Oct CONSULTATIONS (I)
3 Nov The Laboratory and the World
Reading: Biagioli, Science Studies Reader, chaps. 10 (Galison), 17 (Kohler), 18 (Latour), 28 (Rheinberger), 31 (Schaffer),
32 (Shapin), 34 (Traweek)
and Golinski, Making Natural Knowledge, chaps. 3, 5
10 Nov Technology and Modernity
Reading: Latour, Science in Action (extracts) *
and Biagioli, Science Studies Reader, chaps. 4 (Brain/Wise), 14 (Hughes), 15 (Kay), 26 (Porter)
17 Nov Language and Culture
Reading: Biagioli, Science Studies Reader, chaps. 8 (Daston), 13 (Hart), 21 (Lloyd)
and Golinski, Making Natural Knowledge, chaps. 4, 6
1 Dec CONSULTATIONS (II)
8 Dec Conclusions: History and Science Studies
Reading: Golinski, Making Natural Knowledge, coda