(Fifth British-North American Joint Meeting of the BSHS, CSHPS, and HSS)
5-7 August 2004, Halifax, Nova Scotia
This is an archive version of the conference programme.
Corrections should be notified to: email@example.com
Conference abstracts are now available online (alphabetized by name of author):
(* = session organizer)
THURSDAY 5 AUGUST
Circulating Knowledge in the Scientific Revolution. (Alumni Hall)
Margaret Osler, University of Calgary, “New Wine in Old Bottles: Natural Philosophy in a Period of Transition.”
Peter Dear, Cornell University, “Circulating Knowledge between Natural Philosophy and Utility in the Scientific Revolution.”
Robert Westman, University of California at San Diego, “Circulating Theoretical Knowledge: Kepler and Galileo in the Years of Public Silence.”
Chair: Lesley Cormack, University of Alberta.
Two Centuries of Creating and Disseminating Science from the Pacific, 1769-1963. (Seminar Room 4)
Keir Sterling, U.S. Army Combined Arms Support Command, “Mammal and Bird Collections Made by Titian Peale during the U.S. Exploring Expedition of 1838-1842, and the Fate of his Published Account.”
Larry Spencer, Plymouth State University, “J. Roger Bray and the History of Forest Ecology in New Zealand.”
*Janet Bell Garber, Independent Scholar, “New Knowledge Shared between Tasmania and England via the Journal of the Tasmanian Royal Society of Science, 1839-1849.”
Commentator: Debra Lindsay, University of New Brunswick St John Campus.
Chair: Michael Brodhead, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Popular Science Writing in the Twentieth Century. (Classroom 3)
Matthew Stanley, Harvard University, “Physics, Marxism and Mysticism: Politics and Religion in the Reception of Eddington’s Science Popularizations.”
Sophie Forgan, University of Teeside, “Common Readers and Intelligent Laymen: Penguins and Pelican Specials in Mid-Twentieth Century Britain.”
*Peter Bowler, Queen’s University, Belfast, “Writing for Science: Scientists and Popular Science Writing in Early Twentieth-Century Britain.”
Commentator: Peter Broks, University of the West of England.
Chair: Aileen Fyfe, University College, Galway.
Bacteriology and the Environment. (Scotiabank Room)
*Christopher Hamlin, University of Notre Dame, “Roasting Germs: Bacteriology in the Cremation Controversy, 1874-1900.”
*Daniel W. Schneider, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, “Sewage, Science and Control: Science and Labor in the Activated Sludge Process.”
Angela Gugliotta, University of Chicago, “Air Pollution as a Threat to Health in the Mellon Institute Smoke Investigations: Bacteriology, Industrial Exposures and Air Hygiene.”
Chair: Steve Sturdy, University of Edinburgh.
The Empire and the Metropolis. (Haliburton Room)
Hannah Gay, Simon Fraser University and Imperial College London, “Imperial Science at Imperial College, 1907-47.”
Mike Buttolph, King’s College London, “J. G. Adami’s Croonian Lectures of 1917: A McGill Pathologist Confronts the Biologists of London.”
Jean-Pierre Beaud and Jean-Guy Prévost, Université du Québec à Montréal, “Circulating Knowledge and Scientific-Bureaucratic Cooperation: The 1920 Imperial Conference and its Context.”
Chair: Elsbeth Heaman, McGill University.
Evolution and Extinctions. (KTS Lecture Hall)
Patricia Princehouse, Case Western Reserve University, “Transforming Fossils: Macroevolution, Paleobiology and Punctuated Equilibria in Europe and North America.”
David Boersema, Pacific University, “Mass Extinctions: Circulating Knowledge and Circulating Debates.”
Keynyn Brysse, University of Toronto, “A Hierarchy by Any Other Name: Walter Alvarez and the ‘Spectrum’ of Scientific Disciplines.”
Chair: James A. Secord, University of Cambridge.
Scientists and their Publics in Russia and the USA. (Seminar Room 2)
Paul Buckingham, University of Saint Francis, Indiana, “Mathematics on the Periphery: The Role of the Moscow Mathematical Society in the Creation of a Russian Mathematics Community.”
Edward B. Davis, Messiah College, Pennsylvania, “Popularizing Elite Views on Science and Religion: Religious Pamphlets by Leading Scientists in the 1920s.”
Chair: Dan Falk, Toronto.
Studies in Early-Modern Science. (Archibald Room)
Peter Schimkat, Independent Scholar, “The Astronomer-Accountant in the 16th Century: A Case Study on Landgraf Wilhelm IV of Hesse-Kassel (1532-1592).”
Ian Stewart, University of King’s College, “Knowledge Circulation and William Gilbert’s A New Philosophy Concerning our Sublunary World.”
Anna Marie Roos, University of Minnesota Duluth, “Salient Circulations of Chemical Knowledge and Natural History: Martin Lister (c. 1638-1712), Volatile Salts and Fool’s Gold.”
Alvan Bregman, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, “Alligation Alternate and The Composition of Medicines: Mathematics and Medicine in Early-Modern England.”
Chair: Kathryn Morris, University of King’s College.
Transplanting Science in Transatlantic Communities in the 19th Century. (Haliburton Room)
*Aileen Fyfe, National University of Ireland – Galway, “Bringing British Popular Science to America: The Role of Technology in the Negotiations of W. & R. Chambers.”
Robert J Scholnick, College of William and Mary, “Blasphemy, Subversion, and Transmutation: Vestiges (1844) Comes to America.”
Leslie Howsam, University of Windsor, “Transatlantic Collaboration and the New Scientific History.”
Chair: Bertrum MacDonald, Dalhousie University.
Physical Science and the Changing Sense of Reality in the Early Twentieth Century. (KTS Lecture Hall)
Charlotte Bigg, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, “Brownian Motion and Microphysical Reality, circa 1900.”
Richard Staley, University of Wisconsin-Madison, “The Co-Creation of Classical and Modern Physics.”
Suman Seth, Cornell University, “‘Experimentalised Theory’: Arnold Sommerfeld and the Early Quantum Theory, 1918-1925.”
Commentator & Chair: *Otto Sibum, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin.
Signs and Questions of Induction. (Scotiabank Room)
*Daryn Lehoux, University of King’s College, “Signs, Symptoms, and Predictive Inference in the Ancient Sciences.”
*Jay Foster, University of Toronto, “The Order of Nature and the Order of Language: Thomas Reid on the Semiotics of Perception.”
Gordon McOuat, University of King’s College, “Agassiz and Alien Abduction.”
Chair: Daryn Lehoux, University of King’s College.
Networking Human Origins: Case Studies in the History of Anthropology and Archaeology. (Alumni Hall)
Marianne Sommer, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, “A Lady Comes of Age: Do Modern Science Projects Produce Definitive Reports?”
Staffan Müller-Wille, Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science, “From Race Biology to Human Genetics: The Anthropological Survey of the ‘Swedish Lapps’ 1922-1941.”
Conor Burns, University of Toronto, “Institutional Agendas, Correspondence Networks and Archaeology in the Ohio Valley, 1880-1894.”
Commentator & Chair: Joan Gero, American University.
Twentieth-Century Technological Systems. (Seminar Room 2)
Roland Wittje, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, “Launching from the Physics Department towards Industry Building: The Transition of Practices between Amateur Radio, Research and Commercial Radio Manufacturing in Norway During the Interwar Period.”
Vera Pavri-Garcia, University of Toronto, “Technological Doublespeak: Metaphors, Public Policy and the Development of the First Domestic Communications Satellite Technology in Canada.”
Chair: Jan Golinski, University of New Hampshire.
Geology in 19th-century North America. (Classroom 3)
Rob-Roy Douglas, University of Alberta, “Finding Fossils and Building Reputations: John William Dawson, Charles Lyell and the Joggins Fossil Beds.”
Robert H. Silliman, Emory University, “Floods, Ice Floes, or Glaciers: Nova Scotia’s Conflicting Testimony in 19th-Century Interpretations of the Diluvium-Drift.”
Commentator & Chair: Ernst Hamm, York University.
International Exchange and the Treatment of Disease. (Archibald Room)
Bert Hansen, Baruch College, The City University of New York, “Forgotten Pioneers: Pasteur Institutes in the USA, 1885-1944.”
Chair: Darwin Stapleton, Rockefeller Archive Center.
Reconfiguring the Disciplines. (Seminar Room 4)
Robert S. Leventhal, College of William and Mary, “The Entropy Effect: Tracing the Impact of the Second Law in the Human Sciences of the Late 19th and Early 20th Century.”
Rivers Singleton, Jr., University of Delaware, “Disciplinary Origins of Biochemistry, Two Case Studies.”
Andrea Loettgers, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, “Modeling and Simulating the Brain.”
Chair: Yves Gingras, Université de Québec à Montréal.
Isaac Newton: Private Texts, Public Texts. (Classroom 3)
Jean-François Baillon, Université Michel de Montaigne Bordeaux III, “Newton’s ‘Two notable Corruptions of Scripture’: The Further History of a Manuscript.”
Scott Mandelbrote, Peterhouse, Cambridge, “Printed and Manuscript Publication of Isaac Newton’s Nachlass.”
*Stephen Snobelen, University of King’s College, “Isaac Newton, Pythagorean Style and the Esoteric/Exoteric Divide.”
Rob Iliffe, Imperial College, London, “Prospects for the Newton Project: An Integrated Research Resource for the Study of the Interconnectedness of Newton’s Literary Output.”
Chair: Larry Stewart, University of Saskatchewan.
Channels for Establishing Physical Organic Chemistry. (Haliburton Room)
Jerome A. Berson, Yale University, “Did the Montpellier Conference at the end of the 1940s Promote or Hinder the Development of Physical Organic Chemistry?”
Pierre Laszlo, Ecole polytechnique, “Neville Vincent Sidgwick’s Organic Chemistry of Nitrogen (1910) and Edwin S. Gould’s Mechanism and Structure in Organic Chemistry (1959): A Comparative Analysis.”
John D. Roberts, Caltech, “The Place of Physical Organic Chemistry in Elementary Organic Textbooks.”
Stephen L. Weininger, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, “Early British and American Textbooks in Physical Organic Chemistry : A Comparison Among Watson, Dewar, Ingold, Branch and Calvin, Remick and Gould.”
Chair: Pierre Laszlo, Ecole polytechnique.
Indexical Organisms: Exemplars and Biological Problems in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. (Seminar Room 4)
Ruthanna Dyer, York University, “George Allman (1812-1898): Protoplasm and the Individual.”
*James Elwick, University of Toronto, “Questions Incarnate: Exemplar Invertebrates and mid-century Victorian biology.”
Andrew Reynolds, University College of Cape Breton, “Amoebae as Exemplar Cells: the Protean Nature of Elementary Organisms.”
Luis Campos, Harvard University, “‘Secret of Life Unveiled!’: Popular Accounts and the Synthesis of Artificial Life.”
Commentator & Chair: Kenton Kroker, York University.
Latin America in the Circulation of Scientific Knowledge. (Scotiabank Room)
Laura Chazaro, El Colegio de Michoacán, Mexico, “Engagements and Disengagements: Medical Practices, Bodies and Instruments in Mexico, 1890-1915.”
Shawn Mullet, Harvard University, “Philanthropy and Physics at the University of São Paulo.”
Dimitri Della Faille De Leverghem, Université du Québec à Montréal, “Representations of Latin America in North American Sociology (1945-1970).”
Chair: Lesley Cormack, University of Alberta.
Studies in the Sciences of the Enlightenment. (Archibald Room)
Eric Palmer, Allegheny College, “The Enlightenment in Process: Leibniz, Voltaire, and Noël Pluche.”
Adriana S. Benzaquén, Mount Saint Vincent University, “The Doctor, the Child, and the Mother: The Formation and Circulation of a Medical Science of Childhood in the European Enlightenment.”
Lucia Dacome, Wellcome Trust Centre, University College London, “Thickening Blood: The Display of Circulation in the Eighteenth Century.”
Chair: Barbara Finan, University of New Hampshire.
Physics and Its Interdisciplinary Connections. (KTS Lecture Hall)
Richard Noakes, University of Cambridge, “Making Physics Psychic: The New Physics and Audiences for the Occult in Britain, 1870-1920.”
Falk Mueller, University of Halle, “How Vacuum Travelled in the 19th Century or How Geissler, Hittorf and Crookes Met Virtually in Edison’s Workshop.”
Graeme Gooday, University of Leeds, “Recirculating the Electric Fluid: 20th Century Reappropriations
of Franklinian Theory.”
Helena M. Pycior, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, “Bridging Physics and Medicine: Marie Curie and the Medical Applications of X-rays and Radioactivity.”
Chair: Jaume Navarro, University of Cambridge and Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona.
Psychology in 20th-Century Culture. (Alumni Hall)
Ben Harris and Sara Amadon, University of New Hampshire, “Transatlantic Popular Psychology: The Americanization of Couéism in the 1920s.”
Henderikus J. Stam and René Van Hezewijk, University of Calgary and Open University, Netherlands, “Phenomenological Psychology in Europe and North America: The case of Johannes Linschoten and the Demise of the ‘Utrecht School’.”
Julien Prud’homme, Université du Québec à Montréal, “Une appropriation sélective et localisée. La circulation en milieu clinique des nouvelles catégories diagnostiques en thérapie du langage, 1985-2000.”
Chair: Michael Sokal, Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
FRIDAY 6 AUGUST
Mediators and Knowledge Networks in Late-Eighteenth-Century Imperial Experience. (Alumni Hall)
James Delbourgo, McGill University, “Double Agents: Knowledge and Knowledge-Producers in Atlantic Circulation.”
Kapil Raj, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, “Indian Detours of British Geography: Putting James Rennell on the Map.”
Lissa Roberts, University of Twente, “Full Steam Ahead: Failed Inventors and Entrepreneurial Networks in Eighteenth-Century Europe.”
Simon Schaffer, University of Cambridge, “Instruments as Cargo in the China Trade.”
Chair: Jan Golinski, University of New Hampshire.
Industrial Enlightenment. (Haliburton Room)
*Larry Stewart, University of Saskatchewan, “Manufacturing Enlightenment : The Factory and the Laboratory at the End of the Eighteenth Century.”
Margaret C. Jacob, UCLA, “The French Assess the Challenge, 1800-1850.”
Commentator: Joel Mokyr, Northwestern University.
Chair: Otto Sibum, Max-Planck Institute for History of Science, Berlin.
Visual Illustration and Popular Science. (Alumni Hall)
*Constance Areson Clark, Randolph-Macon Woman’s College, “The Cave Man, the Strenuous Life, and the Irreverent Funny Pages.”
Julie K. Brown, Independent Scholar, “Devising the ‘Speaking Picture’: Displays of Health and Medicine
at International Expositions in the United States, 1876-1904.”
Bernard Lightman, York University, “Depicting Nature, Defining Roles: Visual Images and Female Popularizers of Victorian Science.”
Chair: Martin Fichman, York University.
Metropolitan vs. Settler Science in the Field: Forming Knowledge about Animals in Southern Africa and the Western United States. (KTS Lecture Hall)
*Jeremy Vetter, University of Pennsylvania, “Settler Science Goes Metropolitan? Studying Birds and Mammals at the Colorado Museum of Natural History, 1901-1920.”
Karen Brown, Oxford University, “Onderstepoort and the Development of Veterinary Medicine in South Africa c.1908-1950.”
Emily Pawley, University of Pennsylvania, “Specimens of Sportsmanship: British Mammal Collecting in Southern Africa, 1870-1917.”
Commentator & Chair: Sally Gregory Kohlstedt, University of Minnesota.
Exhibiting Human Beings in the 19th Century. (Classroom 3)
Sharrona Pearl, Harvard University, “Dramatic Readings: Uses of Physiognomy on the Victorian Stage.”
Sadiah Qureshi, University of Cambridge, “Living Curiosities: Human Ethnological Exhibition and the Emergence of Ethnology, 1810-1854.”
Beverley Eadie, York University, “Science, Spectacle, and Fears of Contamination: Mesmerism in Mid-Nineteenth Century Britain.”
Chair: Joan Steigerwald, York University.
International Migration and Scientific Careers. (Seminar Room 4)
Joanne A. Charbonneau and Richard E. Rice, Independent Scholars, “Circulating Scientific Knowledge Between Europe and North America: The Role of Women in Physics and Chemistry Before WWI.”
Robin Mackie, Gerrylynn K Roberts, and Anna Simmons, The Open University, UK, “The Circulation of Expertise: British Chemists Abroad, 1890-1939.”
Christian Fleck and Werner Reichmann, University of Graz, “A Collective Biography (Prosopography) of German-Speaking Sociologists.”
Chair: Eric L. Mills, Dalhousie University.
Geometry and Early-Modern Science. (Scotiabank Room)
Mary Domski, California State University, Fresno, “The Geometry of the Principia: Understanding Newton’s Public Claims in the Preface.”
Chair: Stephen Snobelen, University of King’s College.
“Profiles in Science: A Tool for Educators in History of Science and Medicine.”
Presented by: Paul Theerman, National Library of Medicine.
(KTS Lecture Hall)
James A. Secord
University of Cambridge
“Knowledge in Transit”
Chair: Simon Schaffer, University of Cambridge.
Instruments and Ideologies: The Diffusion of Chemical Knowledge. (Scotiabank Room)
Martha Harris, University of Toronto, “The Braggs and X-ray Crystallography: Translation of Scientific Knowledge from Spots to Spectrometers.”
Gillian Gass, University of Toronto, “Spheres of Influence: Illustration, Notation, and John Dalton’s Conceptual Toolbox, 1803-1835.”
Victor D. Boantza, University of Toronto, “Collecting Airs and Ideas: Joseph Priestley’s Style of
Experimental Reasoning and Rhetoric.”
Commentator & Chair: David M. Knight, Durham University.
Atlantic Geologies. (Classroom 3)
Elizabeth Haigh, Saint Mary’s University, “Maritime Geology in the Work of Abraham Gesner.”
*Brian C. Shipley, Rutgers University, “Logan at Joggins: Fieldwork in the Carboniferous between Britain and Canada.”
Paul Lucier, Independent Scholar, “The Albert Controversy: Geology, Industry, and the Law in the
Mid-Nineteenth Century Maritimes.”
*Debra Lindsay, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, “Prototaxites (Daw.) v. Nematophycus (Carr.): Geologists v. Botanists in the Formative Period of the Science of Paleobotany.”
Commentator & Chair: David Spanagel, Harvard University.
The Scientist as Historian of Science. (Archibald Room)
*Rebekah Higgitt, Imperial College London, “‘To Make Men Wise’: Aims and Uses of the History of Science in Mid-Nineteenth Century Britain.”
*Anna Mayer, University of Florida, “Historical Verification in Scientific Humanism.”
Michael A. Dennis, Independent Scholar, “Libraries, Laboratories, Weapons and Scientists: History of Science Goes to War!”
Tom Scheinfeldt, George Mason University, “Scientific Servants in the Inter-war Museum.”
Chair: Christopher Chilvers, Science Museum, London.
Circulating Knowledge in the Medieval Period. (Seminar Room 2)
Gregg De Young, The American University in Cairo, “Gerard Of Cremona’s Translation Of Euclid’s Elements In Relation To Its Arabic Antecedents.”
Shana Worthen, University of Toronto, “Late Medieval Histories of Timekeeping Devices.”
Robert Ralley, Pembroke College, University of Cambridge, “Circulating Manuscripts and the Assembly of Textual Authority in Fifteenth Century English Medicine.”
Chair: Margaret Osler, University of Calgary.
The Life-Sciences in their Social Context. (KTS Lecture Hall)
Dawn M. Digrius, Drew University, “Seeing More Clearly: Microscopy and European Paleobotany in the Nineteenth Century, 1831-1868.”
Marianne Gosztonyi Ainley, University of Victoria. “Circulating Gendered Knowledge: Catharine Parr Traill’s Colonial Science Lessons, 1836-1895.”
Chair: Peter Bowler, Queen’s University, Belfast.
Natural Knowledge and Imperial Networks. (Seminar Room 4)
Charlotte M. Porter, University of Florida, “Natural History and the Skin Trade: William Bartram in East Florida.”
Ellen Valle, University of Turku, Finland, “The ‘Colonial Exchange’ in 18th Century Natural History.”
Jim Endersby, University of Cambridge, “The Vagaries of a Rafinesque: Classifying Naturalists in Early Nineteenth-Century America.”
Chair: Neil Safier, University of Michigan.
Biology and Philosophy. (Haliburton Room)
Joan Steigerwald, York University, “The Insurrection of Nature: The Problem of Science in German Idealism.”
Kevin S. Amidon, Iowa State University / Free University of Berlin, “‘A Mighty Fortress of Free Thought...’: The Biological Sciences between Discipline and Public in the 1877-78 Haeckel-Virchow Controversy.”
Martin Fichman, York University, “Alfred R. Wallace’s Evolutionary Philosophy: The North American Connection—William James and Charles Peirce.”
Chair: Mary Terrall, UCLA.
SATURDAY 7 AUGUST
Circulating Psychological Knowledge. (Alumni Hall)
Graham Richards, Staffordshire University, “Spreading Psychological Knowledge: Top-down, Bottom-up, and Simply Rotating.”
Trudy Dehue, University of Groningen, “Revolving Truths: Psychotropic Drugs and Experimental Research.”
Rhodri Hayward, University of East Anglia, “Gerald Heard (1889-1971) and the Religious Psychology of Popular Science.”
Kurt Danziger, York University, “A Knowledge that Travels Often but Not Well.”
Chair: Michael Sokal, Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
Tacit, Embodied, Reified: The Circulation of Surgical Knowledge. (Archibald Room)
*Thomas Schlich, McGill University, “What is Special about Surgical knowledge?”
*Susan Lederer, Yale University, “Insides Out: Patients and Surgical Knowledge.”
Julie Anderson, University of Manchester, “Greenhouses and Body Suits: The Challenge to Knowledge in Early Hip Replacement Surgery.”
Chair: Ronald L. Numbers, University of Wisconsin—Madison.
Knowledge on the Go: North American Institutions and the International Exchange of Scientific Text and Specimens, 1850s-1950s. (Alumni Hall)
Bertrum H. MacDonald, Dalhousie University, “The Smithsonian Institution as Promoter of Science: The Diffusion of Scientific Information in Nineteenth-Century North America.”
J.T.H. Connor and Michael G. Rhode, National Museum of Health and Medicine, Washington, “The United States Army Medical Museum as International Scientific Resource.”
*Jennifer J. Connor, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, “A ‘purely scientific’ Goal: Constructing an International Exchange of Biomedical Literature.”
Commentator & Chair: Philip Teigen, National Library of Medicine, Washington.
Equations, Algorithms, and Images: Computer Simulations and the Development of New Sciences. (Seminar Room 4)
Johannes Lenhard, University of Bielefeld, “Phillips’ Experiment and Arakawa’s Trick: Transitions in the Development of Computer Simulations.”
*Ann Johnson, Fordham University, “Algorithmic Images: How Programmers Helped to Create a New Technoscientific Field.”
Commentator: Jeffry Ramsey, Smith College.
Chair: Ann Johnson, Fordham University.
Beyond the Observatory: Writing Popular Astronomy Around 1900. (Haliburton Room)
David H. DeVorkin, Smithsonian Institution, “‘A Monthly Classification of the State of Astronomy’: Henry Norris Russell’s Column for Scientific American.”
Bernard Lightman, York University, “Celestial Objects for Common Readers: T. W. Webb as Popularizer of Science.”
*Robert Smith, University of Alberta, “The Story of the Heavens and Great Astronomers: R. S. Ball and Popular Astronomy.”
Commentator & Chair: Barbara Becker, University of California, Irvine.
Colonialism and the Human Sciences. (Scotiabank Room)
Ricardo Roque, University of Cambridge, “What’s In a Head? Anthropology and the Circulation of ‘Stuffed Human Heads’.”
Neil Safier, University of Michigan, “Boundary Expeditions, Geographic Networks and the Circulation of Knowledge in Eighteenth-Century Amazonia.”
Chair: Kapil Raj, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.
Science from the Fringe. (KTS Lecture Hall)
Sherrie Lyons, SUNY Empire State, “Swimming at the Edge of Scientific Respectability: Sea Serpent Investigations in the Victorian Era.”
Robert Paul, Dalhousie University, “The Influence of Eastern Philosophies on the Foundational Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics from William James to David Bohm.”
Betty M. Bayer, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, “‘Cognitive Dissonance’—Circulating Medium for Scientific Psychology, Prophesiers, and Cultural Revolution?”
Chair: Vicky Carroll, University of Cambridge.
Printing, Publishing, and Circulating Books. (Classroom 3)
Philip Davis Loring, Harvard University, “Baskerville’s Victory.”
Alan Rauch, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, “Manufacturing Knowledge: Private Subscription Libraries and Public Erudition.”
Robin E. Rider, University of Wisconsin-Madison, “End Runs and the Publishing of Science.”
Chair: Robert J. Malone, History of Science Society.
“An Academy in Crisis:
The Hiring of James Mark Baldwin and James Gibson Hume at the University of Toronto in 1889.”
Presented by: Christopher D. Green, York University.
(KTS Lecture Hall)
Knowing the Oceans. (Seminar Room 4)
Dane Morisson, Salem State College, “Conflating the Pacific: Captain Edmund Fanning’s Construction of Peoples and Oceans in Voyages Round the World (1833).”
*Matthew McKenzie, Sea Education Association, “Sounding the Banks: Fishermen as Marine Scientists and Ecological Indicators on the Scotian Shelf, 1800-1860.”
Jennifer Hubbard, Ryerson University, “The ‘Ayes’ of Fisheries Science: Fishermen and their Relations with Scientists.”
Commentator & Chair: Helen Rozwadowski, University of Connecticut.
A Little Knowledge is a Dangerous Thing: Protecting the Public from Vulgarizers, Quacks, and Charlatans in Victorian England. (Alumni Hall)
Christine Garwood, Open University, UK, “Drawing a line between Science and Pseudo-Science: Reactions of Amateurs and Professionals to the ‘Flat-Earth’ Campaign, 1850-1880.”
Suzanne Paylor, University of Leeds, “Communicating Popular Darwinism(s): Late Nineteenth-Century Popularisers and Professionals in Print and in Practice.”
*Erin McLaughlin-Jenkins, University of Victoria, “Yesterday’s Hero: T. H. Huxley and the Victorian Left.”
Chair: Bert Hansen, Baruch College, The City University of New York.
Literature and Science in Circulation. (Classroom 3)
*Kate Price, Homerton College Cambridge, “Science, Poetry and Popularisation.”
Jeff Wallace, University of Glamorgan, “Literature, Science and Humanism.”
Guy Ortolano, Northwestern University, “F. R. Leavis, Literary Criticism, and the Origins of a Critique of Science.”
Chair: Stephen L. Weininger, Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
Natural History in 18th- and 19th-Century France. (KTS Lecture Hall)
Mary Terrall, UCLA, “All in a Day’s Work: Réaumur and Natural History in the Enlightenment.”
Snait B. Gissis, Tel Aviv University, “Interactions between Social and Biological Thinking: The Case of Lamarck.”
Chair: Simon Werret, University of Washington.
Science and International Politics in the 20th Century. (Scotiabank Room)
Christopher Chilvers, Science Museum, London, “The History of Science as an Intellectual Movement: The 1931 Second International Congress of the History of Science and Technology as a Public Platform for Science.”
Patrick Petitjean, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, “Needham, UNESCO and International Relations of Science, 1946-1950.”
Gennady Gorelik, Boston University, “Circulating Top-Secret Knowledge for the History of the H-Bomb.”
Chair: Margaret Rossiter, Cornell University.
Knowledge from a Distance. (Archibald Room)
Margaret Meredith, Universiteit Maastricht, “The Contingencies of Communication: European Knowledge of American Natural Productions in a Transatlantic Context, 1760-1810.”
William D. Lauffer, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, “The Lost Physics of the Wilkes Expedition, 1838-42.”
Amanda Rees, University of York, UK, “A Place that Answers Questions: Primatological Field Sites and the Making of Authentic Observations.”
Chair: Simon Schaffer, University of Cambridge.
Twentieth-Century Medical Sciences. (Haliburton Room)
Steve Sturdy, University of Edinburgh, “From Bedside to Bench and Back: Cases, Programmes, and the Cycle of Scientific Knowledge Production in Edinburgh Medicine, 1880-1920.”
Emm Barnes, University of Manchester, “The UK Childhood Cancer Study Group, 1977 to the Present: Studies in Co-operation and Curability.”
Chair: Julie Anderson, University of Manchester.
Magical Science or Scientific Magic? The Specific Problems of Transmitting Magical and Alchemical Knowledge. (Seminar Room 4)
Anke Timmermann, University of Cambridge, “A Square Circle: Authors, Writers and Readers of Late Medieval Alchemical Poetry.”
*Koen Vermeir, University of Leuven, “Openness and Secrecy in Transmitting ‘Magical Knowledge’.”
Karin Leonhard, University of Leipzig, “Magical Moments in Early Microscopy: Dalenpatius Sees Something that Leeuwenhoek Does Not See.”
Oliver Hochadel, Independent Scholar, “Fraudbusters: Magicians as Experts on Deception in Natural Philosophy.”
Chair: Koen Vermeir, University of Leuven.
Migrating Neutral Particles in Physics: The Neutral Particle and the Neutrino. (Scotiabank Room)
Allan Franklin, University of Colorado, “Where Are The Neutrinos? The Early History of the Solar Neutrino Problem.”
*Gisela Mateos, National Autonomous University of Mexico, “The Neutrino: From Elementary Particle to Measurement Tool.”
*Jaume Navarro, University of Cambridge and Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, “Neutrinos and the Scattering of a Team Group: Theory and Experiment in the Cavendish Laboratory in the 1930s.”
Chair: Sylvan S. Schweber, Dibner Institute.
Between Science and the Market. (Classroom 3)
*Iwan Rhys Morus, Queen’s University Belfast, “Selling Skill: The Magic Lantern and the Presentation of Technical Ingenuity.”
Andre Wakefield, Pitzer College, Claremont, “The German Sciences of State Promotion.”
Leonard Rosenband, Utah State University, “Accounting for Productivity: Papermaking in Western Europe and America, 1750-1850.”
Commentator: *Will Ashworth, Liverpool University.
Chair: Lissa Roberts, University of Twente.
Disciplines, Domains and Boundaries: Circulating Eugenic Knowledge. (Alumni Hall)
Etienne Lepicard, Tel Aviv University, “Popular Science, Research Institutions and War: Alexis Carrel and the Transformation of Eugenics during WWII.”
Victoria Solan, Yale University, “Model Skulls and Healthy Houses: Popular Science and Domestic Architecture in Mid-Nineteenth Century America.”
Lynne Curry, Eastern Illinois University, “From Germs to Genes: Scientific authority and eugenic theory in the U. S. Supreme Court.”
Julia Schaefer, Heinrich-Heine University, “Framing the Colonial Body: The German Doctor as Knowledge Producer.”
Commentator & Chair: *Edmund Ramsden, University of Manchester.
Computing and Artificial Intelligence. (KTS Lecture Hall)
Atsushi Akera, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, “The Circulation of Knowledge and Disciplinary Formation: Modern Computing as an Ecology of Knowledge.”
Chigusa Kita, Kansai University, “The Structure of Technology Transfer: Comparative Case Studies in the Transfer of Fundamental Knowledge About Computing from the United States to Japan between 1950 and 1980.”
Chair: Jan Golinski, University of New Hampshire.
Psychology and Psychiatry in the 19th and 20th Centuries. (Archibald Room)
Joel Peter Eigen, Franklin and Marshall College, “Delusion’s Odyssey: Charting Victorian Psychiatry’s Journey in the English Courtroom.”
Anne Christina Rose, Johns Hopkins University, “Late Nineteenth-century French and Italian Psychiatric Case Studies of Childhood Hysteria.”
Maarten Derksen, University of Groningen, “Instincts and Integration: McDougall’s Attempt to Unify the Social Sciences.”
Chair: Robert S. Leventhal, College of William and Mary.
Links between Science and Technology in 19th-Century Britain and France. (Haliburton Room)
James Sumner, University of Manchester, “Dissemination and Reception of Scientific Approaches in the British Brewing Industry.”
Sarah Dry, University of Cambridge, “Smashing Inquiries: Railway Accidents and their Statistics in mid-19th Century Britain.”
Chair: Margaret C. Jacob, UCLA.