ZOOL #808 - Stream Ecology
Credits: 4.00
Ecological relationships of organisms in flowing water; streams as ecosystems. Lectures on physical and chemical features of streams, floral and faunal communities, and factors controlling populations of benthic invertebrates. Laboratory exercises employ both field and laboratory experimental techniques. Weekly seminars on original research papers. Special fee. (Not offered every year.)

ZOOL 810 - Ichthyology
Credits: 4.00
An introduction to the evolution, systematics, anatomy, physiology, and ecology of fishes, with an emphasis on New England species. Prereq: principles of biology or equivalent. Lab. (Offered alternate years.) Special fee.

ZOOL 817 - Lake Ecology
Credits: 4.00
Introduction to the ecology of freshwater systems, with emphasis on lakes. Origins of lakes and effects of watersheds on lake chemistry, nutrient cycling, and the lake food web are explored. Other topics include the impact of human disturbances on productivity and aquatic food web and methods used for the management and restoration of lakes. Comparisons are made of the structure and functions of lake ecosystems found in temperate, tropical and arctic regions. Prereq: general biology. (Also offered as PBIO 817.

ZOOL 819 - Field Studies in Lake Ecology
Credits: 4.00
Ecology of lakes and other freshwater habitats examined through field studies. Emphasizes modern methods for studying lakes, analysis and interpretation of data, and writing of scientific papers. Seminars on research papers and student presentations of class studies. Field trips to a variety of lakes, from the coastal plain to White Mountains; investigate problems, such as eutrophication, acidification, biodiversity and biotoxins. Capstone experiences include interaction with state agencies, lake stakeholders and the submission of written manuscripts for publication. Prereq: introductory biology. (Also offered as PBIO 819.) Special fee. Lab.

ZOOL 825 - Marine Ecology
Credits: 4.00
Marine environment and its biota, emphasizing intertidal and estuarine habitats. Includes field, laboratory, and an independent research project. Prereq: general ecology; permission. Marine invertebrate zoology, oceanography, and statistics are desirable. (Also offered as PBIO 825.) Special fee. (Not offered every year.)

ZOOL 832 - Lake Management: A Multidisciplinary Approach
Credits: 4.00
Lectures and seminars on interpreting lake water quality, developing a natural history inventory for lakes, the process of creating a lake management plan, and resolution of conflicting uses of lakes. Students develop actual lake management plans in cooperation with government agencies and lake associations. Guest speakers from state agencies and non-governmental organizations. Introductions to and use of GIS (Geographic Information Systems) methods for the analysis of lakes and watersheds. Present lake management issues from scientific and social science points of view. Open to students from all disciplines. (Also offered as PBIO 832.) Special fee. Lab.

ZOOL 833 - Behavioral Ecology
Credits: 4.00
Behavioral adaptations of animals to their environment including the evolution of behavior and behavioral genetics; foraging and competition for resources; reproductive ecology, mating systems and parental care; and the evolution of cooperative behavior. Examples include both vertebrates and invertebrates. Emphasis is on critical understanding of concepts as exhibited in oral and written exercises. Students conduct independent investigations. Prereq: animal behavior or ecology or evolution course. Lab. (Offered in alternate years.)

ZOOL 836 - Genes and Behavior
Credits: 4.00
Genes and behavior examines the genetic underpinnings of animal behavior, and how behavior evolves on a genetic level. The course primarily relies on readings from the primary literature, using examples from laboratory model organisms, animals in their natural habitats, and humans. Topics include aggressiveness, social behavior, personality, parental care, communication, mating behavior, novelty seeking behavior, and foraging. This interdisciplinary course examines these behaviors at multiple levels, including genomics, population genetics, molecular genetics, epigenetics, endocrinology, and neurobiology. Prereq: GEN 604 and ZOOL 713 or equivalent.

ZOOL 845 - Biology and Diversity of Insects
Credits: 4.00
The lecture examines the unique biologies and structure of insects, the most diverse group of organisms. The laboartory project is based on past public requests for an understanding of aquatic insect biodiversity in streams. Experience in sampling, sorting, and identifying aquatic insects is developed, and an understanding of biodiversity indices is developed for a formal report and presentation. Prereq: BIOL 411-412 or equivalent. Special fee. (Not offered every year).

ZOOL 850 - Biological Oceanography
Credits: 4.00
Biological processes of the oceans, including primary and secondary production, trophodynamics, plankton diversity, zooplankton ecology, ecosystems and global ocean dynamics. Field trips on R/V Gulf Challenger and to the Jackson Estuarine Laboratory. Prereq: one year of biology or permission of instructor. (Also offered as EOS 850, ESCI 850.) Special fee. Lab. (Not offered every year.)

ZOOL 872 - Fisheries Biology
Credits: 3.00
Principles of fisheries science, with emphasis on techniques used to assess the biological characteristics of exploited fish populations and the use of such information for fisheries management. Prereq: ZOOL 810; permission. (Not offered every year.)

ZOOL 873 - Physiology of Fish
Credits: 4.00
Investigation of the physiological processes responsible for maintaining homeostasis in fishes. Focus is on the function and regulation of the major organ systems during stress and environmental adaptation. Topics include reproduction, osmoregulation, digestion, endocrinology and sensory perception.

ZOOL 877 - Neurobiology and Behavior
Credits: 4.00
Survey of fundamental concepts and recent discoveries in neurobiology. Topics include structure and function of neurons, development, cellular basis of behavior (sensory and motor systems), neuropharmacology, and neural plasticity (learning). Prereq: principles of biology I and II or permission. Physiology also desirable.

ZOOL 895 - Advanced Studies
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
Independent study in various areas, including but not limited to: animal behavior; departmental biology; ecology; electron microscopy; evolution; genetics; histology; history of biology; invertebrate biology; neurobiology and behavior; physiology; teaching practices; underwater research; vertebrate biology; biological techniques. Course sections for advanced work, individual or group seminar. May include reading, laboratory work, organized seminars, and conferences. Prereq: permission of department chairperson and staff concerned.

ZOOL 899 - Master's Thesis
Credits: 1.00 to 10.00
Prereq: permission of department chairperson and prospective supervisor. May be repeated up to a maximum of 10 credits. Cr/F.

ZOOL 997 - Seminar
Credits: 1.00 to 2.00
Reports on recent zoological literature. Subject fields are those listed under ZOOL 895, 896; not all areas available every semester. Required of graduate students in zoology. Cr/F.

ZOOL 998 - Seminar
Credits: 1.00 to 2.00
Reports on recent zoological literature. Subject fields are those listed under ZOOL 895, 896; not all areas available every semester. Required of graduate students in zoology. Cr/F.

ZOOL 999 - Doctoral Research