ESCI 805 - Principles of Hydrology
Physical principles important in the land phase of the hydrologic cycle, including precipitation, snow melt, infiltration and soil physics, and surface and subsurface flow to streams. Problems of measurement and aspects of statistical treatment of hydrologic data. Field trips. Transportation fee. Prereq: one semester of calculus and one year of physics. Special fee. Lab.
ESCI 810 - Groundwater Hydrology
Principles for fluid flow in porous media with emphasis on occurrence, location, and development of groundwater, but with consideration of groundwater as a transporting medium. Major topics include well hydraulics, regional groundwater flow, exploration techniques, and chemical quality. Laboratory exercises involve use of fluid, electrical, and digital computer models to illustrate key concepts. Prereq: ESCI 805 or permission. Special fee. Lab.
ESCI 815 - Global Atmospheric Chemistry
Introduction to the principles of atmospheric chemistry and their relationship to biogeochemical cycles, climate, and global change. Focus is on understanding the basic physical and chemical processes that determine the trace gas distribution in the global troposphere. An introduction to atmospheric vertical structure and global circulation dynamics provides the foundation. Chemical cycles of important C, S, N molecules are examined, including their possible perturbation by human activities. Basic photochemical processes outlined, particularly with respect to reactive nitrogen hydrocarbons, and the production/destruction of ozone. Prereq: one year college chemistry. (Also offered as EOS 815.)
ESCI 817 - Macro-scale Hydrology I
Focus on the numerous roles of water in the Earth System. Topics include the global water cycle, impacts of the greenhouse effect and other anthropogenic disturbances, hydrologic modeling, soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer schemes, water quality, GIS and water-related remote sensing tools. Based on extensive reading of current scientific literature, the students and instructor jointly select a research topic in macro-scale hydrology which will result in the preparation of a manuscript for publication in a refereed scientific journal. Course designed to be taken two consecutive semesters (fall and spring). Prereq: principles of hydrology or permission. (Also offered as EOS 817.)
ESCI 818 - Macro-scale Hydrology II
Students and instructors jointly select a research topic in macro-scale hydrology to be analyzed in depth during the course of the semester. A primary goal is the preparation of a manuscript for publication in a refereed scientific journal. Extensive library research, reading of recent and relevant scientific literature, technical analysis, writing. Course designed to be taken two consecutive semesters (fall and spring). Prereq: macro-scale hydrology I. (Also offered as EOS 818.) (Alternate years only.)
ESCI 826 - Metamorphic Petrology
The metamorphism of pelitic, mafic, and calc silicate rocks as determined from field, petrographic, mineral chemistry, experimental, and theoretical studies. Closed- and open-system reactions, multi-systems, reaction space. Calculation of pressure, temperature, time paths. Prereq: mineralogy; petrography; adequate background in calculus, chemistry, and physics. Field trips. Special fee. Lab. (Offered alternate years with ESCI 825.)
ESCI 834 - Geophysics
The structure of the solid Earth, including the continental and oceanic lithosphere and the deep interior as revealed by investigations of seismic waves, the Earth's gravitational and magnetic fields, heat flow, and earthquakes. Prereq: ESCI 401; one year of calculus; one year of college physics;\or permission. Special fee. Lab.
ESCI 841 - Geochemistry
Course focuses on the application of chemical principles to solve problems in the Earth sciences. Students learn the chemical tools of thermodynamics and kinetics, element partitioning, conservation of mass, and isotope geochemistry. Explore geochemical properties/processes in the deep Earth and the Earth surface, atmosphere and marine systems, and cosmo-chemistry and investigate the interactions between these components of the Earth system. Lab.
ESCI 845 - Isotope Geochemistry
Course focuses on the application of radiogenic, radioactive and stable isotopes to improve students' knowledge about the processes and timescales relevant to the formation of the planet and solar system, the evolution of the Earth system and interactions in the hydrosphere and biosphere. Topics include geochronology, tracer applications, Earth surface applications, as well as applications in the hydrosphere and biosphere. Systems discussed include the classic radiogenic systems (K-Ar, Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, Lu-Hf and U-Th-Pb), traditional (H, C, N, O) as well as nontraditional (e.g., Mg, Ca, Fe) stable isotope systems, and radioactive isotopes (e.g., radiocarbon). Course consists of lecture, where students are exposed to these applications, and a lab section to work through any questions on the homework assignments, discuss relevant papers from the literature, and carry out a project. Special fee. Lab.
ESCI 846 - Analytical Geochemistry
Introduction to the theory, instrumentation, and applications of analytical methods in geochemistry. Prereq: one year of chemistry or geochemistry;/ or permission. Special fee. Lab.
ESCI 847 - Aqueous Geochemistry
Processes that determine the geochemical characteristics of water bodies. Emphasis on the geochemical continuum of terrestrial water and its geochemical evolution. Topics include the influence of cyclic salts, the nature of weathering reactions, the CO2-CACO3 system, the formation and dissolution of salts and authigenic mineral formation. Prereq: one year of chemistry or geochemistry;/ or permission. Lab.
ESCI 850 - Biological Oceanography
Biological processes of the oceans, including primary and secondary production, trophodynamics, plankton diversity, zooplankton ecology, ecosystems and global ocean dynamics. Field trips on R/V Gulf Challenger and to the Jackson Estuarine Laboratory. Prereq: one year of biology or permission of instructor. (Also offered as ZOOL 850, EOS 850.) Special fee. Lab. (Not offered every year.)
ESCI 852 - Chemical Oceanography
Water structure, chemical composition, and equilibrium models; gas exchange; biological effects on chemistry; trace metals; and analytical methods. Prereq: permission. Optional 1 credit lab (see ESCI 852L).
ESCI 854 - Sedimentology
This course focuses on modern sedimentary processes and ancient sedimentary records through the examination, identification, and interpretation of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Topics such as sediment transport mechanisms, depositional environments, and time in sedimentary records will provide a strong framework for any student studying Earth processes and sedimentary systems. Special fee.
ESCI 856 - Geotectonics
The geological record of plate tectonics past and present. The first part of the course focuses on modern tectonic settings with an emphasis on plate geometries, geodynamical processes, and sedimentary products. The second part of the course focuses on reconstructing ancient tectonic settings with an emphasis on methodology (paleomagnetism, basin analysis, provenance) and case studies (e.g. India-Asia collision). Field trip. Prereq: ESCI 614 or ESCI 631 or permission. Special fee.
ESCI 858 - Introduction to Physical Oceanography
A descriptive treatment of atmosphere-ocean interaction; general wind-driven and thermohaline ocean circulation; waves and tides; continental shelf and near-shore processes; instrumentation and methods used in ocean research. Simplified conceptual models demonstrate the important principles. Prereq: college physics; introduction to oceanography;/ or permission.
ESCI 859 - Geological Oceanography
Major geological features and processes of the ocean floor; geological and geophysical methods; plate tectonics. Prereq: permission. Lab.
ESCI 862 - Glacial Geology
Course provides a survey of glacier dynamics and processes, with an emphasis on understanding the origin and significance of glacial deposits and landforms. The first half of the course examines the physics of glaciers, and the second half focuses on glacial geologic processes. Lectures discuss glaciers and ice sheets as key agents of large-scale geomorphic change, as well as their central role in the Earth's past and present climate system. Labs involve analysis of glaciological data, glacial-geologic map interpretation, and short field exercises. Course incorporates one mandatory weekend field trip that explores the glacial landscapes of New England. Special fee. Lab.
ESCI 864 - Data Analysis in Earth System Science
Analytical and numerical methods used to understand geospatial and time series data sets encountered in Earth system science research. Students develop skills in data analysis, primarily through writing and modifying their own computer programs, focused on particular aspects of real data sets. Understanding various data types, formats, and projections, and how to handle them, are also covered. Prereq: one year calculus, one year chemistry, basic statistics;/or permission. (Also listed as EOS 864.) Special fee.
ESCI 865 - Paleoclimatology
Course reviews the study of past changes in the Earth's climate system. Main discussion topics include astronomical theories of ice ages, Quaternary dating methods, Antarctic and Greenland ice core records, greenhouse gases, marine-based climate proxies, glacial mega-floods, and linkages between ocean circulation and abrupt climate change. Emphasis on climate variability during the Quaternary period (the last approximately 1.8 million years), a time interval dominated by cycles of global glaciation. Lectures include discussion of recent and emerging scientific papers in order to keep pace with the latest findings in paleoclimatic research.
ESCI 866 - Volcanology
Provides a comprehensive overview of volcanic processes and their influences on planetary evolution and modern-day Earth systems. Lectures discuss the generation and properties of magma, tectonic setting of volcanism, eruption styles, volcanic landforms and products, monitoring of active volcanoes, volcanic hazards, and volcanism on other planets. Laboratory topics include modeling volcanic processes, hand-sample observation, topographic map interpretation, volcanographical data analysis, and two afternoon field trips. As volcanology is a rapidly developing field of active research, the course incorporates discussions of recent and emerging scientific papers from the literature and student-led updates of ongoing volcanic activity. Prereq: on year of calculus and one Earth Science course or permission. Special fee. Lab.
ESCI 870 - Fundamentals of Ocean Mapping
An introduction to the principles and practice of hydrography and ocean mapping. Methods for the measurement and definition of the configuration of the bottoms and adjacent land areas of oceans, lakes, rivers, estuaries, harbors and other water areas, and the tides or water levels and currents that occur in those bodies of water. (Also listed as OE 870.) Prereq: college physics. Lab.
ESCI 871 - Geodesy and Positioning for Ocean Mapping
The science and technology of acquiring, managing, and displaying geographically-referenced information; the size and shape of the earth, datums and projections; determination of precise positioning of points on the earth and the sea , including classical terrestrial-based methods and satellite-based methods; shoreline mapping, nautical charting and electronic charts. Prereq: one year of calculus and one year of college physics. (Also offered as OE 871.)
ESCI 895 - Topics
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
Study on an individual or group basis in geologic, hydrologic, or oceanographic problems, under members of the graduate staff. Topics include: geochemistry, geomorphology, geophysics; glaciology; groundwater, structural, and regional geology; crystallography, mineralogy; petrology; thermodynamics; ore deposits; earth resource policy; paleontology; sedimentation; stratigraphy; water resources management; chemical, physical, and geological oceanography; earth systems; earth science teaching methods. Prereq: permission of staff concerned. May be repeated.
ESCI 896 - Topics
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
See description for ESCI 895. Special fee on some topics.
ESCI 897 - Colloquium
Presentation of recent research in the earth sciences by guest speakers and department faculty. May be taken four times. Cr/F.
ESCI 898 - Directed Research
Research project on a specified topic in the Earth Sciences, guided by a faculty member. Cr/F.
ESCI 899 - Master's Thesis
Credits: 1.00 to 6.00
May be repeated up to a maximum of 6 credits. Cr/F.
ESCI 903 - Advanced Hydrology
Application of quantitative methods to selected hydrologic problems. Critical examination of deterministic and stochastic models with emphasis on conceptualizing the hydrologic problem, developing appropriate models, obtaining solutions, and evaluating models and solutions in terms of basic assumptions, data requirements, and verification of results. Prereq: ESCI 805; computer methods; basic statistics.
ESCI 972 - Hydrographic Field Course
A lecture, lab, and field course on the methods and procedures for the acquisition and processing of hydrographic and ocean mapping data. Practical experience in planning and conducting hydrographic surveys. Includes significant time underway (day trips and possible multi-day cruises) aboard survey vessel(s). Prereq: Introduction to Ocean Mapping; Geodesy and Positioning for Ocean Mapping; or permission. (Also listed as OE 972.)
ESCI 973 - Seafloor Characterization
Remote characterization of seafloor properties using acoustic (echo sounders, sub-bottom profilers, side-scan, multi-beam and interferometric sonars) and optical (video and laser linescanner) methods. Models of sound interaction with the seafloor will be explored as well as a range of possible geologic, geotechnical, morphologic, acoustic, and biologic descriptors. Prereq: permission. (Also listed as OE 973.)
ESCI 993 - Advanced Seminar
Focused seminar in a discipline of earth sciences: earth, ocean, atmosphere, or hydrology. May be repeated up to a maximum of 4 credits.
ESCI 994 - Advanced Seminar
See description for ESCI 993.
ESCI 995 - Advanced Topics
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
Advanced work on an individual or group basis. Prereq: permission. May be repeated.
ESCI 996 - Advanced Topics
Credits: 1.00 to 4.00
Advanced work on an individual or group basis. Prereq: permission. May be repeated.
ESCI 997 - Seminar in Earth Sciences
Readings, discussion, and presentation of recent investigations in the earth sciences. Required of all M.S. students in Earth Sciences. Cr/F.
ESCI 998 - Proposal Development
Introduction to research in the earth sciences and development of thesis and directed research proposals. Required of all M.S. students in Earth Sciences.
ESCI 999 - Doctoral Research