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Laboratory Publications on Emotional Intelligence*

*A complete list of laboratory publications is available at www.unh.edu/personalitylab

Key Laboratory Reprints:

1990-1999

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Mayer, J. D., DiPaolo, M. T., & Salovey, P. (1990). Perceiving affective content in ambiguous visual stimuli: A component of emotional intelligence. Journal of Personality Assessment, 54, 772-781. A first demonstration study of how emotional intelligence can be measured.

Salovey, P. & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 9, 185-211. A first formal theory of emotional intelligence, and a review of then-exisitng literature that might pertain to it.

Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1993). The intelligence of emotional intelligence. Intelligence , 17 (4), 433-442. An editiorial in the journal, Intelligence, further elaborating our early ideas concerning emotional intelligence, and arguing for its study.

Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1995). Emotional intelligence and the construction and regulation of feelings. Applied and Preventive Psychology, 4, 197-208. An article outlining the "educated, understanding" portion of emotional intelligence. This article provided the key underpinnings for the "Understanding Emotions" portion of our theory.

Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., Goldman, S., Turvey, C, & Palfai, T. (1995). Emotional attention, clarity, and repair: Exploring emotional intelligence using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. In J. W. Pennebaker (Ed.), Emotion, disclosure, and health (pp. 125-154). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Meta-experience is the reflective experience one has about one's ongoing moods and emotions. This link takes you to the Cognition and Affect section of this web site, where you can access the reprint (towards the bottom).

Mayer, J. D., & Geher, G. (1996). Emotional intelligence and the identification of emotion. Intelligence, 22, 89-113. A second demonstration study concerning the measure of emotional intelligence. This empirical work examined multiple scoring procedures for emotional intelligence, attempting to compare potential criteria for what a correct answer in the domain would be like.

Mayer, J. D. & Salovey, P. (1997). What is emotional intelligence? In P. Salovey & D. Sluyter (Eds). Emotional development and emotional intelligence: Implications for educators (pp. 3-31). New York: Basic Books. This paper provides the original presentation of the four-branch model of emotional intelligence and discusses it. This remains the major restatement of our 1990 theory, and represents our current model of emotional intelligence.

Mayer, J. D., & Mitchell, D. C. (1998). Intelligence as a subsystem of personality: From Spearman's g to contemporary models of hot-processing. In W. Tomic & J. Kingma (Eds). Advances in cognition and educational practice (Volume 5: Conceptual issues in research in intelligence) (pp. 43-75). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. Although not directly focused on EI, this chapter reviews a number of theories of intelligence, with particular attention to "hot intelligences" -- e.g., those dealing with emotions and other personal conerns -- and it informed our newer models of intelligence.

Mayer, J. D. & Beltz, C. M. (1998). Socialization, society’s “emotional contract,” and emotional intelligence. Psychological Inquiry, 9, 300-303. [Annotation to be added.]
Mayer, J. D. (September, 1999). Emotional Intelligence: Popular or scientific psychology? APA Monitor, 30, 50. [Shared Perspectives column] Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. By 1999, the popularizations of emotional intelligence in the general media were gaining influence in the field. We grew concerned about claims being made in the popular press concerning emotional intelligence. This editorial in the American Psychological Association's news magazine, the Monitor, was a response to that concern.
Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D., & Salovey, P. (1999). Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for an intelligence. Intelligence, 27, 267-298. [Winner of the Mensa Education and Research Foundation and Mensa International, Ltd. 2001 Award for Excellence in Research]. The Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale (MEIS) was developed to serve as a comprehensive measure of EI -- a measure of our full four-branch model of emotional intelligence. The article describes two studies with the MEIS, one with adults and one with adolescents, and uses the findings to argue that emotional intelligence behaves like a traditional intelligence.