Emotional Intelligence Information: RETURN TO MAIN MENU

Measuring Mood, Meta-Mood, and Empathy

Measuring Mood

Measuring the Meta-Experience of Mood

Measuring Emotional Empathy

Laboratory reprints concerning mood and meta-mood research

Key Laboratory Reprints on Mood and Meta-Mood Measurement

The articles below introduced the Brief Mood Introspection Scale (BMIS; Mayer & Gaschke, 1988), the State Meta-Mood Experience Scale (SMMS; Mayer & Stevens, 1994), and the Trait Meta-Mood Experience Scale (TMMS; Salovey et al., 1995). All three scales have been used subsequently by others and ourselves in psychological and psychology-related research.

Mayer, J. D., & Gaschke, Y. N. (1988). The experience and meta-experience of mood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 102-111. This article introduces the idea of the meta-experience of mood -- the reflective, subjective, flow of ideas about one's own feeling states.

Mayer, J. D., & Stevens, A. (1994). An emerging understanding of the reflective (meta-) experience of mood. Journal of Research in Personality, 28, 351-373. This paper presents the State Meta-Mood Scale, a measure of a person's reflections of their ongoing moods. Two broad aspects of meta-experience are examined: The reflective monitoring, and reflective regulation, of such moods. State-regulation is important, because reports of ongoing reflective evaluations of moods may be more valid than comparable trait scales. These state reactions suggest that there may be profiles of mood regulators.

Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., Goldman, S., Turvey, C, & Palfai, T. (1995). Emotional attention, clarity, and repair: Exploring emotional intelligence using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. In J. W. Pennebaker (Ed.), Emotion, disclosure, and health (pp. 125-154). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. This article presents a scale of meta-experience of mood. The meta-experience of mood is the subjective experience one has of perceiving one's ongoing emotions and moods.