Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire
The National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) is the largest, most comprehensive survey on youth victimization conducted in the United States. NatSCEV shows that many youth experience multiple forms of victimization, not just single types. The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire-2nd Revision (JVQ-R2) is the core of NatSCEV. The full JVQ-R2, including supplements, assesses 50+ forms of victimization across five general areas:
- Conventional crime
- Peer and sibling victimization
- Sexual victimization
- Witnessing and other exposure to violence.
Goals of this toolkit:
The JVQ-R2 can be used in a variety of clinical, research, and community settings to help document the true burden of victimization experienced by youth. The JVQ-R2 does this by including a comprehensive set of questions about multiple forms of violence, instead of more traditional questionnaires which often ask about only one type of violence, such as bullying or maltreatment.
Psychologists, social workers, health care providers, child protection service professionals, advocates, program evaluators, and researchers can all use the JVQ-R2 to enhance the assessment of youth victimization. For example, the JVQ-R2 can be used to identify the needs of children in your community through needs assessment, determine whether your prevention or intervention program is effective, enhance clinical assessment, raise awareness among different types of providers about the full extent of youth victimization, and improve research on youth victimization.
This site provides information and forms for using the JVQ-R2.
Hamby, S., Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., & Kracke, K. (2011). The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire toolkit. Retrieved from http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/jvq/index_new.html.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention at the Department of Justice recently released three NatSCEV bulletins.
Hamby, S., Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., & Ormrod, R. (2011). Children’s exposure to intimate partner violence and other family violence (pgs. 1-12). Juvenile Justice Bulletin – NCJ 232272. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Finkelhor, D., Turner, H. & Hamby, S. (2011). Questions and answers about the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (pgs. 1-4). Juvenile Justice Bulletin – NCJ 235163. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., Hamby, S., & Ormrod, R. (2011). Poly-victimization: Children’s exposure to multiple types of violence, crime, and abuse (pgs. 1-12). Juvenile Justice Bulletin – NCJ 235504. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Measuring Poly-victimization using the JVQ
Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R.K., Turner, H.A., and Hamby, S.L. (2005).
While interest in child victimization has grown, much of the research and public policy has focused on specific individual kinds of victimization, such as sexual abuse, bullying or exposure to domestic violence. The focus on single types of victimization may have obscured the degree to which children suffer from multiple kinds of victimization. Recent research has confirmed that multiple victimizations are common, that victimization risks are intercorrelated,and that children with multiple victimizations are more likely to be distressed and symptomatic. These results suggested the importance of identifying poly-victims for both research and clinical purposes adn the utility of a comprehensive instrument like the Juvenile Vctimization Questionnaire (JVQ) in such identification.
This paper explores the possible alternative ways of operationalizing the concept of poly-victimization using the JVQ.
Poly-victimization: A neglected component in child victimization trauma
Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R. K., and Turner, H. A. (2007).
Children victimized in different ways and in different contexts are more affected than children repeatedly victimized by just one person or in just one context. This concept of “poly-victimization” has relevance to the assessment of victimization trauma. Our key hypothesis is that poly-victimization accounts for a considerable portion of explainable variation in traumatic symptoms. We show that relationships between individual victimization types and traumatic symptoms may be misrepresented when a child’s broader victimization profile is not taken into account.
The JVQ: Reliability, vailidity, and national norms
Finkelhor, D., Hamby, S.L., Ormrod, R.K., and Turner, H.A.
The JVQ contains screening questions about 34 offenses against youth that cover five general areas of concern: (1) Conventional Crime, (2) Child Maltreatment, (3) Peer and Sibling Victimization, (4) Sexual Victimization, and (5) Witnessing and Indirect Victimization (see Appendix A). Each of these five areas is a module of the JVQ. Although comprehensiveness is an important goal of the JVQ, these modules have been developed to take into account important conceptual categories that characterize current work on juvenile victimization. The modules are designed to be usable individually in stand-alone form for situations that call for a more focused assessment.This paper describes the performance of the JVQ questionnaire in a national survey intended to test and evaluate child and caregiver versions.
NatSCEV data is archived at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. You can view the data here.