Hate and Bias Victimization


The Youth Bias Victimization Questiionnaire (YBVQ)

Objectives

The study used an intensive, mixed-methods approach to develop a comprehensive youth bias crime violence exposure instrument, the Youth Bias Victimization Questionnaire (YBVQ).

Methods:

Results:

Implications:

The YBVQ provides a new tool for researchers interested n collecting detailed information on experiences youth have with bias victimization, from bias-based bullying to more traditionally defined hate crimes.