Hate and Bias Victimization

Hate Crime Investigations and Offender Profiles: A National Survey of U.S. Law Enforcement Agencies


Over 7,000 victims of hate crimes were reported by law enforcement agencies (LEAs) in 2016 as a part of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program in the U.S. (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2017), including bias-motivated intimidation, simple assault, aggravated assault, and property crime. National data on hate crimes has improved since Congress passed the 1990 Hate Crime Statistics Act (28 U.S.C. ยง 534). However, reporting problems program remain an issue and additional methodologies are needed to supplement knowledge on hate crimes known to police, including more reliable statistics on who commits hate crimes and how investigations and prosecutions can be improved.


The planned three-year study (2019-2021) will use a methodology employed in several prior studies with LEAs, achieving high response rates. We will first collect mail survey data from a national sample of 3,000 agencies on hate crime investigations occurring in calendar year 2018. We will follow the mail surveys with in-depth telephone interviews with investigators and prosecutors on a nationally representative sample of cases (1,500).

This study is funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (2018-MU-MU-0029) https://nij.ojp.gov/funding/awards/2018-mu-mu-0029 

Goals and Objectives:

Specifically, the study is designed to provide data on the following questions:

Project Status and Information for Participants

We are currently collecting data for the study via mail and telephone surveys. For questions about the study please call us at our toll-free number: 1-833-249-4643 or email us at HC-LEA-Jones@unh.edu. For participants who would like more information about ethical oversight of research at UNH or rights of research subjects, please see https://www.unh.edu/research/human-subjects for contact information.

Research Team

Lisa Jones, PhD (Principal Investigator)
Kimberly Mitchell, PhD (Co-Investigator)
Heather Turner, PhD (Co-Investigator)
Lisa Cloyd (Research Assistant, Lead)
Leanne Gast (Research Assistant)
Megan Rue (Research Assistant)
Gina Kahn (Research Assistant)