The BBC Project Team
Grad/Post Grads
Advisory Board
EPA Oversight

Nancy KinnerDr. Nancy E. Kinner
236 Gregg Hall
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 603-862-1422

Project Manager/Principal Investigator Director,
Bedrock Bioremediation Center
Professor in the Civil Engineering Department at UNH
Member of the Environmental Research Group
Groundwater Microbiology

Dr. Kinner is an environmental microbiologist and Professor in the Civil Engineering Department. She also is a member of the Environmental Research Group. Dr. Kinner has been working in the field of groundwater microbiology and remediation since 1985. She has conducted research on gasoline biodegradation in sandy aquifers for New Hampshire DES, on bioventing of contaminated soils for the U.S. Department of Defense and NHDES, on salt marsh oil spill bioremediation for NOAA, and on the characterization of protistan ecology and population dynamics in contaminant plumes at the U.S. Geological Survey study site at the Massachusetts Military Reservation (Cape Cod). Collaborative work with the U.S. Geological Survey and the British Museum (Natural History) on the protists has been funded by the National Science Foundation. She presently is an advisor to NHDES on contaminated groundwater and bedrock issues. She also serves on New Hampshire's Waste Management Council; an adjudicatory board that is involved in both rule making and appeal processes related to contaminated site and groundwater enforcement actions. In 1996, Dr. Kinner organized and hosted a regional conference on "Bioremediation in the Saturated Subsurface" for state and federal regulators; six experts provided state-of-the-art presentations on the topic to 150 attendees. In 1997, she received a Fulbright Fellowship to conduct research on the role of protists in the bioremediation of contaminant sites in Sweden. Working for the Swedish Geotechnical Institute, she conducted research on bioremediation of rock caverns containing petroleum products. She was also a research advisor to the Swedish National Rail Administration for the Hallandsåsan Project on the bioremediation of bedrock contaminated with acrylamides.


Tom BallessteroDr. Thomas P. Ballestero
238 Gregg Hall
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 603-862-1405

Associate Professor at UNH
Member of the Environmental Research Group
Water Resource Engineering and Hydrology

Dr. Thomas P. Ballestero is a water resources engineer and hydrologist and an Associate Professor and Chair of the Civil Engineering Department at the University of New Hampshire. He is also a member of the Environmental Research Group. His experiences with bedrock hydrogeology extend back to 1980 when he was developing groundwater drinking water supplies in the western United States. These water supplies were notorious for having natural forms of contamination (petroleum, radioactivity, and salts). Typical projects required aerial photography and interpretation of photolineaments, borehole and surface geophysics, review of mineral and petroleum exploration test well (geophysical) logs, test well drilling, aquifer testing, monitoring of water levels, groundwater modeling, water sampling, review of laboratory analyses, designs for connecting wells into existing water supply systems, and preparation and submittal of water permit applications.Since coming to New Hampshire in 1983, Dr. Ballestero has continued to be involved in bedrock water supply development. In addition, he has been involved with research of groundwater contamination and remediation of contaminated soils and aquifers. These research projects have included three years of developing and testing new well drilling technologies specifically for monitoring and detection of soil and groundwater contamination. This particular research was performed in New Hampshire and on military reservations in Alaska. The types of contaminants in these projects ranged from septage to petroleum products to chlorinated solvents. Since 1985, Dr. Ballestero, along with various other researchers, has worked on the remediation of petroleum contaminated sites in cold regions. This has included unconsolidated and bedrock formations. These projects have investigated the remedial technologies of capturing free product, air sparging, enhanced biodegradation, bioventing, and natural attenuation. The projects have been performed in laboratory experiments and at field sites. The DOD has supported this work. Most recently, Dr. Ballestero has been involved with the investigation of a trichloroethylene (chlorinated solvent) spill in bedrock. The project involved identification of the contaminant plume, estimation of free product volume, assessment of past remediation attempts, and development of new remedial strategies.

Jean BenoitDr. Jean Benoît
Kingsbury Hall
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 603-862-1419

Professor in the Civil Engineering Department at UNH
Member of the Environmental Research Group Geotechnical Engineering

Dr. Benoît is a geotechnical engineer and Professor in the Civil Engineering Department. He is also a member of the Environmental Research Group. He has had extensive drilling, sampling and testing experience starting nearly 25 years ago while working during summers on hydroelectric projects in Northern Québec, Canada. After completing his Ph.D. at Stanford University in geotechnical engineering, his research interests at the University of New Hampshire have remained in the area of in situ characterization dealing with various boring advances and testing techniques. His work, principally funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), has been conducted throughout the U.S. as well as overseas in a variety of subsurface conditions. His field expertise has been recognized nationally and internationally through his involvement on such projects as the stabilization of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, the Central Artery and the Olmsted Locks and Dam. Dr. Benoît is currently the principal investigator of the National Geotechnical Experimentation Sites (NGES) program funded by NSF and FHWA. The NGES system of multiple user test sites provides easy access to well-documented field sites, thus greatly facilitating the development of new techniques of soil characterization and earthwork construction and allowing geotechnical researchers to select the most appropriate site for their needs on the basis of soil type, site location and available geotechnical data. A central data repository is associated with the NGES program that provides a database designed to promote exchange of information, resulting in a more cost-effective use of available research funds.

Francis BirchDr. Francis Birch
15 James Hall
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 603-862-1718

Professor in the Earth Sciences Department at UNH

Dr. Birch is a geophysicist and Professor in the Earth Sciences Department. He has taught applied geophysics for over twenty-five years at UNH. His courses at the senior/graduate level and the advanced graduate level cover all the geophysical methods commonly used to locate bedrock fractures: electrical resistivity, magnetic surveying, seismic refraction, electromagnetic surveys and ground-penetrating radar. The classes include lectures on the theory and application of each method plus field exercises using them. In addition, he has taught geophysics at the University of Puerto Rico and short courses in geophysics at the Autonomous University of San Luis Potosi (Mexico) and the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Two years ago, he taught a short course on ground penetrating radar at the University of New Hampshire. His recent publications have been about geophysics applied to groundwater problems.His research has mainly focussed on ground-water geophysics, geophysics applied to Quaternary deposits and marine geophysics. Much of this research has been in the seacoast region of New Hampshire. Methods used in his published work include seismic reflection, seismic refraction, gravity, magnetics, galvanic resistivity and self-potential.Two of his master's students have worked specifically on geophysical detection of bedrock fractures in New Hampshire. Matthew Wolf used magnetic and electromagnetic methods to map possible bedrock fractures under the Spruce Hole aquifer in Durham, New Hampshire in connection with a larger project to help the town evaluate the aquifer's potential as a source of water. Crescencio Fernandez used the same methods to search for fractures and potential bedrock well sites on the University of New Hampshire campus.

Wally BothnerDr. Wallace Bothner
114 James Hall
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 603-862-1718

Professor of Earth Sciences at UNH
Structural Geology

Dr. Bothner is structural geologist and Professor and Chair of the Earth Sciences Department at the University of New Hampshire. His teaching and research interests in recent years have emphasized bedrock geologic mapping, structural analysis, and interpretation of igneous and metamorphic rocks in central and northern New England. He is presently directing four MS and one Ph.D. students in the seacoast region and six others (Carrigan, 1984; Rickerich, 1984; Richards, 1990; Brooks, MS'86, Ph.D.'90; Eusden, 1984; Eichhorn, 1990) have completed work in this area in recent years. The recognition and distribution of lithologic variability and structural elements provides a fundamental basis for the evaluation of both "academic" and "applied" geologic questions at local to regional scales. While much of his work with colleagues and students has concentrated on the more "academic" side of geologic structures in attempts to understand their origin and their role in the geologic history of the New England region, these same tools can be readily applied to characterize both brittle and ductile features of bedrock in site-specific areas of New Hampshire. He is second author of the new New Hampshire Bedrock Geologic Map and was responsible for compilations in the seacoast and northern sectors of the State as well as final digital reviews. He has held a WAE appointment with the USGS Branch of Regional Geophysics (1977-92), and continued involvement with the USGS in the recently completed Sherbrooke-Lewiston CUSMAP (with R. H. Moench) and Global Transect (with D. B. Stewart) efforts. He is a member and past chair of the New Hampshire Geologic Resource Advisory Committee which advises the Commissioner of the Department of Environmental Services for the State of New Hampshire.

J. Matthew Davis
27 James Hall
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 603-862-4119

Assistant Professor Earth Sciences Department at UNH

Dr. Davis is a hydrogeologist and Assistant Professor in the Earth Sciences Department. His main area of research is the investigation of the geologic controls on fluid flow and solute transport. His work to date has been primarily in sedimentary materials and has focused on the problem of using geological information in the quantification of hydrologic models. Over the past few decades, many theoretical models of groundwater flow and pollutant transport have evolved so that complex geologic features can be accounted for in model predictions. One of the current challenges is how to integrate geological and geophysical data with these statistical models of flow and transport. In sedimentary materials, our results suggest that quantifying the complex structures in modern aquifers can be greatly aided by incorporating common geological measures.Dr. Davis has mapped and analyzed the geological heterogeneity in numerous geological environments including alluvial fan, eolian, fluvial, and glacial outwash systems. His students, colleagues, and he have quantified the spatial distribution of permeability aquifer reactivity to gain a better understanding of the geologic controls on flow and pollutant transport. He has also been involved with the subsurface mapping of fractures at the USGS Mirror Lake site (New Hampshire). Dr. Davis currently serves on the Statistical Advisory Committee for the USGS-DES Bedrock Aquifer Project in which an array of geologic properties is being assessed as indicators of water well yield.

Lou TisaLouis S. Tisa
289 Rudman Hall
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 603-862-2442

Associate Professor in the Microbiology Department at UNH Microbiology

Dr. Louis Tisa is a microbiologist and an Assistant Professor in the Microbiology Department. Dr. Tisa's research interests are in microbial physiology and diversity and the impact that they have on the environment. This interest also includes the general areas of membrane biology, ion transport and signal transduction and their relationship to microbial development and diversity. Dr. Tisa is currently working on the molecular biology of Frankia, particularly concentrating on the physiology, biochemistry, and genetics of the microorganism. He and his students are developing genetic tools that are necessary for the establishment of a genetic transfer system with Frankia. Dr. Tisa is also working on calcium homeostasis and the role of calcium in bacteria. A molecular genetic approach is being used for the identification of the components that are involved in calcium homeostasis at the gene and protein levels. Dr. Tisa is also studying the structural and functional characterization of the arsB gene product, which is an integral membrane protein predicted to be an anion channel.

Dr. Elise Sullivan
285 Rudman Hall
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 603.862.2252

Assistant Professor in the Microbiology Department at UNH Microbiology

Petroleum byproducts have become ubiquitous pollutants due to a range of human activities including combustion of fossil fuels, petroleum refinery, industrial runoff, and oil spills. Dr. Sullivan's research objective is to study the biodegradation of these toxic pollutants in anoxic estuarine and freshwater sediments. Molecular techniques such as DNA fingerprinting, fluorescent in situ hybridization, and microautoradiography are used to examine the microbial community structure of contaminated versus clean sites, and to determine which are the active members responsible for degradation of the pollutant. Furthermore, she is developing molecular diagnostic tools to help predict if the organisms present at a contaminated site can facilitate bioremediation of these persistent pollutants.

Aerobic bacteria use oxygen as a reactant to degrade petroleum-based pollutants, and this process is relatively well understood. In contrast, anaerobic organisms have evolved alternative pathways of degradation that do not depend on oxygen, and these processes remain poorly understood. As a result, much remains to be discovered about the anaerobic organisms and their mechanisms (genetic or biochemical) used to degrade these complex substrates. Dr. Sullivan's interest is to identify the actively degrading members within enriched consortia and the genes required for degradation. She is also interested in examining the mechanisms (e.g., biosurfactants, emulsifiers, and inclusion bodies) that both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria utilize to take-up and store these hydrophobic substrates.


Michelle Mills
Phone: 603-862-1545

Member of the Environmental Research Group
Research Scientist

Michelle Mills is a Research Scientist working for the Bedrock Bioremediation Center. Ms. Mills joined the Bedrock Bioremediation Center in September 2001 and has been involved with preparation and oversight of drilling, field sampling and laboratory experiments. Prior to joining the BBC, Ms. Mills was an evaluator of computer-based-learning materials in engineering disciplines. She spent a year at Keele University, England, studying fracture patterns in rocks with neglible primary porosity, with a focus on nuclear waste disposal. Ms. Mills received her Master's degree in Tectonics from Royal Holloway, University of London, England and her Bachelor's degree in Geology from Edinburgh University, Scotland.

Kimberly Newman
Phone: 603-862-0832

Member of the Environmental Research Group
Research Scientist

Kimberly S. Newman is a Research Scientist working for the Bedrock Bioremediation Center. She is also a member of the Environmental Research Group. Ms. Newman joined the Bedrock Bioremediation Center in September 1999 and has been involved in the development of the project's Quality Assurance Project Plan, the coordination and oversight of drilling and related field activities, as well as, logistical coordination for the BBC. Ms. Newman will also be involved in the development of laboratory microcosms. Prior to joining the BBC, Ms. Newman worked for Haley & Aldrich, Inc. as an engineer in their Rochester, New York and Cleveland, Ohio offices. During her years with Haley & Aldrich, Ms. Newman participated in various projects involving site investigations and remediation. Ms. Newman participated in in-house laboratory screening activities, groundwater and soil sampling activities, field and laboratory pilot tests of various treatment technologies, the development of project databases, and the development of project GIS packages. Ms. Newman also provided logistical coordination for field and drilling activities. Ms. Newman received her Master's degree in Civil (Environmental) Engineering from Clarkson University and her Bachelor's degree in Biology from LeMoyne College.

Joanne Coulburn, Ph.D.
Phone: 603-862-1515

Member of the Environmental Research Group
Post-Doctoral Research Associate

Joanne Coulburn is a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Department of crobiology involved in researching the diversity of prokaryotic microbial communities and phylogenetic affiliation with remediation in contamination bedrock aquifers. This is her first Postdoctoral position after completion of her Ph.D. at the School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester, UK, entitled "In-vitro Modelling of Paper-mill Biofouling and Characterisation of Paper-mill Biofilm" supervised by Dr Peter Gilbert and industrially funding by Algroup Lonza, NJ, USA. The objective of the research was to create an in vitro test methodology for paper-mill slime/biofilm formation and biofouling, which can be used in the analysis and validation on paper-mill slimicides (biocides). This involved the characterisation and identification of bacteria from paper-mill biofilm and recycled process waters (white-water). Her first degree was a BSc (Honours) in Biotechnology from the University of Abertay Dundee, Scotland and her research interests include environmental microbial ecology and biofilm formation, and antibiotic and biocide resistance in biofilms.

Donald T. Dubois
Phone: 603.862.1545

Member of the Environmental Research Group
Research Technician

Donald Dubois is a research technician (II) for the BBC. Mr Dubois assists with field activities associated with BBC research including sampling and performing pump tests. Mr. Dubois has over 20 years of experience in water and wastewater equipment sales, installations, and treatment alternatives.

Claudie L.M. Grout, CET
Phone: 603-659-0068

Member of the Environmental Research Group
Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) and Health and Safety Plan (HASP) officer for the BBC

Ms. Grout began her career in environmental consulting in 1981 working in the arena of biological sciences gathering environmental impact data on solid waste disposal sites at sea. She moved into hazardous waste management in 1985. Over the last 16 years, Ms. Grout has worked as a consultant and served as Director of Compliance for a hazardous waste transfer facility until opening her own firm in 2001. In addition to assisting a wide range of manufacturing and consulting clients, Ms. Grout is an adjunct instructor at the University of Massachusetts Work and Environment Program and serves as the Health & Safety and Quality Assurance Officer for the University of New Hampshire's Bedrock Bioremediation Center.

Ms. Grout specializes in providing exceptional, client-specific instruction and facilitation in environmental, health, safety and transportation related topics. In this capacity, she has trained thousands of representatives from manufacturing, the military, State agencies, hospitals, and consulting firms throughout the country. In nearly every case, she provided tailored courses meeting the specific needs of each Client and their audience(s). Ms. Grout has been selected to design and deliver a series of courses to over 100 federal and State regulators from New England for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Her personal interests lie in raising environmental and safety awareness and facilitating environmental protection while working within the regulatory, research and business frameworks.

Jeannie Spear
Phone: 603.862.1445

Member of the Environmental Research Group
Research Scientist

Jeannie Spear is a Research Scientist working for the Bedrock Bioremediation Center. She also works for the Contaminated Sediment Research Center and is a member of the Environmental Research Group in the Department of Civil Engineering, both of UNH. Ms. Spear joined the Bedrock Bioremediation Center in September 2001 and has been involved in the characterization of fracture surfaces of bedrock cores. Several analytical techniques are being used to characterize the microbial and geochemical environments present on the faces of minor fractures found in the bedrock sample cores, techniques such as SEM, XRPD, XPS, and MIP. Prior to joining the BBC, Ms. Spear received her M.S. in Civil (Environmental) Engineering from UNH. She has been able to apply the experience she gained on various analytical instruments while in graduate school to her work for the BBC.

Graduate and Post-Graduate Students

Walid Naser
Department of Microbiology, Master's Student

Gonzalo Pulido
Department of Civil Engineering, Ph.D. Student

Advisory Board

The role of the BBC Advisory Board is to provide advice and make recommendations to the Center's Director on: 1. the Center's strategic plan/proposal submitted to EPA ORD that will establish the research focus areas of the Center, 2. the Center's annual work plans, 3. prioritization of projects in the research focus areas, and 4. addition of projects to the research focus areas. The Board may address additional subjects, from time to time, as may be requested by the Director, or as agreed between the Director and the Board. The BBC Board meets for one to two days once or twice per year in New Hampshire. In addition, Board members receive copies of reports from the Center to EPA ORD.

Francis H. Chapelle, Ph.D.
720 Gracern Rd, Suite 129
Columbia, SC 29210
Phone: 803-750-6116
Fax: 803-750-6181
Research Microbiologist
Water Resources Division
U.S. Geological Survey

Major Darrin L. Curtis, Ph.D., P.E.
3207 North Road, Bldg. 532
Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78325
Phone: 210-536-5661
Fax: 210-536-5989
Chief, Engineering and Hydrology
U.S. Air Force
HQ Center for Envirnomental Excellence

Arthur L. Ditto, P.E.
302 Newmarket Rd. (Bldg. 151)
Portsmouth, NH 03803-0157
Phone: 603-430-2586
Fax: 603-430-3167
Environmental Coordinator/Site Manager
U.S. Air Force Pease
Base Conversion Agency

Ronald W. Harvey, Ph.D.
3215 Marine St.
Boulder, CO 80303
Phone: 303-541-3034
Fax: 303-447-2505
Research Microbiologist
Water Resources Division
U.S. Geological Survey

Thomas Mack
361 Commerce Way
Pembroke, NH 03275
Phone: 603-226-7805
Fax: 603-226-7894
Geohydrologic Investigations Section Chief NH/VT
U.S. Geological Survey

John Regan
6 Hazen Dr.
Concord, NH 03302
Phone: 603-271-3744
Fax: 603-271-2456
Waste Management Division
NH Department of Environmental Services

Allen Shapiro, Ph.D.
12201 Sunrise Valley
Reston, VA 20192
Phone: 703-648-5884
Fax: 703-648-5274
Research Scientist
National Research Program
U.S. Geological Survey

Richard Willey
1 Congress St. Suite 1100 (HBS)
Boston, MA 02114-2023
Phone: 617-918-1266
Fax: 617-918-1291
U.S. EPA Region I

John T. Wilson, Ph.D.
919 Kerr Research Dr.
Ada, OK 74820
Phone: 580-436-8534
Fax: 580-436-8703
Senior Research Microbiologist
R.S. Kerr Environmental Research Center

EPA Oversight

Mary Gonsoulian
P.O. Box 1198
Kerr Research Dr.
Ada, OK 74821-1198
Phone: 580-436-8616
EPA Project Officer
Robert Kerr Lab/U.S. EPA

Steve Vandegrift
P.O. Box 1198
Kerr Research Dr.
Ada, OK 74821-1198
Phone: 580-436-8616
EPA Project Officer
Robert Kerr Lab/U.S. EPA


John E. Sununu
First District, New Hampshire


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