An Iconography of the Trumpet
German, Austrian and Swiss Artists, 17th-18th century

Status of March 2001

PLEASE DO NOT SEND ADDITIONAL ENTRIES. The entries published here are only the ones for which I have somewhat respectable bibliographic entries at this time. I have much more information for these and for additional entries which will be added as I get around to it. I didn't set out to compile a bibliography -- or, more properly, an iconography. This list is just what happens to be lying about the house. It is very much a work in progress, but if I waited until everything was perfect, it would never appear.

However, I would appreciate corrections -- wrong page references, for example. Send corrections to

Mary Rasmussen
Music Department
University of New Hampshire
Durham NH 03824 (USA)

I am singularly error-prone, alas, and I am sure that there are numerous mistakes in this list. Sorry. A few late entries didn't make the index. Next time.

The purpose of this iconography is to answer the question "Where can I find an illustration of ...?" I have included only works of art for which there is a published reproduction (plus some that are in the Visual Collection, Fine Arts Library, Harvard University and a few in the Bild-Archiv Photo Marburg).

An iconography of late-seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century German trumpets has several problems. Angels as organ figures tend to wander about the prospect, get restored and replaced, or acquire musical instruments which clearly do not belong in their hands. Carvers and sculptors of organ figures, church furniture and architectural elements are often anonymous or obscure, and there a number of what seem to be suspect or garbled attributions. It is often difficult to tell what a winged figure with a trumpet is supposed to represent: Fame, the Last Judgement, Clio, some combination of these, or simply an angel. (According to Ripa, Fame has wings, a trumpet in one hand and an olive brance in the other, but artists often seem to ignore this.) In other words, the entries in this iconography should be used with prudent skepticism.

Many thanks to the UHN Music Department for putting this index on their web page.

***

[DACH]

I: Old Testament

David Dancing before the Ark/The Transporting of the Ark of the Covenant: [Giorgioli Fr] Giorgioli, Francesco Antonio (ca.1655-1725). David Dancing before the Ark. Pfäfers, Klosterkirche. ceiling fresco (above the organ). Included in the procession are four figures blowing straight trumpets. unimp. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz, 25: Kanton St. Gallen I. Sargans 1951. p. 175. Commissioned 1694. Notes was badly restored in the 19th century.)

Jephthah: [Master JD Sc] Master JD (Jakob Deschler? ca. 1661-1713). The Return of Jephthah. private collection. low relief silver book cover. Two figures in the background play straight trumpets. (exh Augsburg, Rathaus and Holbeinhaus, 1968: Augsburger Barock. cat. no. 439, fig. 258)

Other: [Hermann Fr] Hermann, Franz Georg (1692-1769). The Retinue of the Queen of Sheba. Kempten, Residenz. ceiling fresco. The entourage includes a prominent herald with a straight trumpet. On top of Solomon's throne there are two angels (Fames?) with straight trumpets. (N. Lieb. Rokoko in der Residenz von Kempten. Kempten 1958. pll. 10 [detail of the throne], 16 [detail], as ca. 1735)

II: New Testament

Last Judgement: [Sc Münster Dom] Gröninger, Johann Mauritz (doc.1674-m.1707). Last Judgement (1692). Münster, Dom. sculpture. Flanking the central scene, as columns, two very prominent angels each have two straight trumpets. In the depiction of the Last Judgement, three angels play straight trumpets. -- it's very trumpety (F. Koch. Die Gröninger ... Münster 1905. pl. 25. The text notes that it is esthetically rather tasteless but as sculpture technically quite daring [especially the projecting trumpet bells]. Based on Rubens' 1618 Last Judgement, or the engraving after it by Cornelis Vischer.)

IV: Saints

St. Jerome: [M Altomonte Pa] Altomonte, Martino (1657-1745). St. Jerome (1735). Graz LM Joanneum. A young angel blows a delicate straight trumpet with a large bell. It is not a very threatening trumpet of the Last Judgement. (Meisterwerke der Barockmalerei im Landesmuseum Joanneum Graz. Vienna, Munich, 1969. p. 17)

Other: See also Miscellaneous Figures, Angels.

[Wsc Nümbrecht] Anon. [late 17th century?]. St. Michael the Archangel. Nümbrecht, ev. Kirche, pulpit canopy. wood sculpture. St. Michael is a rather modest figure, standing on a dragon, a straight trumpet in one hand, a palm frond in the other. (G. Borcheis et al. Die Oberbergische Kreis ... Neuss 1969. fig. 29 [ok reproduction]; D. Rentsch. Die Denkmäler des Rheinlandes, 11: Oberbergischer Kreis II: Marienheide-Wiehl. Düsseldorf 1967. figs. 116 [distant view], 118 [detail])

[C D Asam Fr] Asam, Cosmas Damian (1686-1739). The Miracle of St. Günther. B_evnow (Bohemia), Benedictine Monastery. fresco. Includes a trompe l'oeil figure with a straight trumpet. (J. Stenc. La richesse d'art de la Bohême. Prague 1913. vol. I, pl. 98)

V: Mythology

Bacchanals: [C D Asam Fr] Asam, Cosmas Damian (1686-1739). Bacchanalian Group. Mannheim, Schloss, Rittersaal. ceiling fresco. Includes players of three straight (or slightly curved) trumpets. (H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 72)

Diana: See also Miscellaneous Figures, Putti.

Mercury: [Zimmermann Pa] Zimmermann, Johann Baptist (1680-1753). Allegory of the Founding of Nymphenburg. Augsburg, Städtische Kunstsammlung. oil sketch for the ceiling of the Steinernen Saals (Festsaal), Nymphenburg, Schloss (executed 1756/57 by J. B. and Franz Zimmermann). Includes Mercury, flying about like Fame, holding a straight trumpet in one hand and his caduceus in the other. (A. Feulner. Die Sammlung Hofrat Sigmund Röhrer im Besitze der Stadt Augsburg. Augsburg 1926. fig. 29; H. Wagner. Barocke Festsäle in bayerischen Schlössern und Klöstern. Munich 1974. p. 185 [fine color reproduction])

[Zimmermann Fr] _______. Allegory of the Founding of Nymphenburg (1756/57). Nymphenburg, Hauptschloss, Festsaal/Grosser Saal. fresco. Mercury has a straight trumpet. (L. Hager. Nymphenburg. Munich [195-]. pl. 7 [small color reproduction], pl. 9 [detail]; H. W. Hegemann. Deutsches Rokoko. Königstein im Taunus. [Die blauen Bücher] p. 53; H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland. Munich 1951. p. 131; The McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Art. New York 1969. vol. V, p. 563 [color detail, with Mercury])

Muses: See also Scenes of Everyday Life, Processions, etc.

[organ Haseldorf] Anon. (probably Hamburg workshop), ca. 1700. Organ prospect. wood sculpture. Apollo and the Muses. Melpomene has a straight trumpet. (Die Kunstdenkmäler des Landes Schleswig-Holstein, 9: Kr. Pinneberg. Munich, Berlin, 1961. fig. 55)

[BI Dresden 1689] Moritz Bodenehr (1665-1749) after Samuel Bottschild (1641-1706). Title page of Johann [i.e.Jacob] Kremberg, Musicalische Gemüths-Ergötzung. Dresden, Christoph Malthesius, 1689. engraving. Includes a female figure (Clio?), laurel wreath on her head, holding a straight trumpet, an open partbook on her lap. (R. M. Haas. Die Musik des Barocks. Potsdam 1928, R/1949. p. 263; Kinsky p. 171)

[M Altomonte Pa] Altomonte, Martino (1657-1745), attr. Apollo and the Muses/Apotheosis of Prince Eugen of Savoy (1716). Vienna, Unteres Belvedere, Marmorsaal. Clio (with a wreath on her head and a book) holds a straight trumpet. unimp. (H. Aurenhammer. Martino Altomonte. Vienna 1965. cat. no. 73, fig. 30, 31 [detail])

[C Carlone Fr] Carlone, Carlo Innocenzo (1686-1775). Apollo and the Muses. Brühl, Schloss Augustusburg, Speisesaal. ceiling fresco. One of the Muses has a straight trumpet, as does Fame (beside the arms of Elector Clemens August). (W. Hansmann. Das Treppenhaus und das Grosse Neue Appartement des Brühler Schlosses. Düsseldorf 1972. fig. 151, 152. Identifies the Muse with the trumpet as Clio; H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland. Munich 1951. p. 168 [poor reproduction])

[Gran Fr] Gran, Daniel (1694-1757). Parnassus. Vienna, Öesterreichische Nationalbibliothek, Prunksaal. lunette fresco. Includes a Muse (Clio?) holding a straight trumpet. unimp. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Vienna 1977. cat. F22, Abb. 37; Salmen Katalog. p. 63)

[Schuppen Fr] Schuppen, Jacques (Jacob) van (1670-1751). Allegory of Painting. Vienna KH (formerly ceiling fresco of the Galerie of the Stallburg). Includes a Muse (?) holding a straight trumpet and Fame with two trumpets (one played, one held). (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Vienna 1977. fig. 19)

VI: Literary and Historical Subjects/Figures

See also Scenes of Everyday Life -- Outdoor, Tournaments.

VII: Allegory

Dance of Death: [BI Salzburg 1682] Johann Koch (b.ca.1650-doc. to 1705) after Andreas Trost (doc.1677-m.1708). Triumphal Procession of Death, frontispiece of Johann Weikhard Freiherr von Valvasor, Theatrum mortis humanae tripartitum. Salzburg 1682. engraving. Skeletons play trumpet, kettledrums. (D. Briesemeister. Bilder des Todes. Unterscheidheim 1970. Abb. 162; K. Meyer Baer. Music of the Spheres ... Princeton 1970. p. 324)

[Pa Bleibach] Anon, 1723. Totentanz. Bleibach, Beinhauskapelle. Includes a skeleton band with a violin (played with a scythe), shawm, shawm or straight trumpet, fingered horn, frame drum and kettledrums. (Hammerstein Tanz. Abb. 231)

Fame: See also Old Testament, Other; Mythology, Muses; Allegory, War and Peace; Decorative Elements; Scenes of Everyday Life -- Outdoor, Pageants; Miscellaneous Figures, Angels

[BI Dresden 1690] Anon. Frontispiece of Wolfgang Caspar Printz, Sing- und Kling-Kunst. Dresden, Johann Christoph Mieth, 1690. engraving. Includes Orpheus harping to the animals and Fame (?) with a straight trumpet in one hand and an undulating trumpet in the other. (MGG X, col. 1631)

[CI Vienna 1690] Balthasar Denner (1685-1749) after Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach (1656-1723). "Leopoldo Magno Eleonorae Augustae Josepho Glorioso Orcum hunc Triumphalum Negotiatores Priviligiati Extranei posverunt Vienna." engraving. The triumphal arch of the foreign merchants for an entree of Joseph I, with two angels/Fames with straight trumpets. (H. Aurenhammer. J. B. Fischer von Erlach. Cambridge MA 1973. p. 47, fig. 7; H. Sedlmayr. Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. Vienna 1956. pl. 35)

[CI Dresden 1719] Various artists. Performance of Lotti's opera Teofane in the Zwinger Opera House, Dresden, 13 September 1719, following the marriage in Vienna of Prince Friedrich August of Saxony and Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria, 3 September 1719, from Relation de l'inauguration solemnelle ... Ghent 1719. engraving. Two angels (Fames?) playing straight trumpets flank the cartouche above the proscenium. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 200, 200a [detail of the group at the right])

[Dr art market] Austrian, ca. 1720. The Arms of Wolfgang Hannibal, Graf von Schrattenbach, Cardinal of Olmütz. Munich art market (1987). The arms are flanked by angels (Fames?), each playing a straight trumpet. Prominent. (Die Weltkunst 57 [1987] 996 [fine reproduction])

[Fr Serrières] Swiss, late 17th century. Allegory. Serrières, Le Château de Beauregard, chambre sud-oest. ceiling painting. An angel (Fame} sits calmly on a cloud playing a curvy trumpet and holding an olive branch. Two attendant putti have little straight trumpets and palm and olive branches. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz, 49: Canton de Neuchâtel, II. Basel 1963. p. 19)

[Sc ex Berlin Schloss] Eosander, Johann Friedrich (called Freiherr von Goethe) (ca. 1670-1729)?. Fames. ex Berlin, Schloss, Bildergalerie (Gobelingalerie). stucco. Two Fames with straight trumpets flank a coat of arms. (E. Redslob. Barock und Rokoko in den Schlössern von Berlin und Potsdam. Berlin 1954. color pl. 22 [poor reproduction])

[Sc ex Berlin Schloss] Schlüter, Andreas (ca.1660-1714). Medallion Portrait of Queen Sophie Charlotte. ex Berlin, Schloss, Schwarze Adlerkammer. stucco. She is contemplated by a calmly reclining Fame holding? one? straight trumpet. (E. Redslob. Barock und Rokoko in den Schlössern von Berlin und Potsdam. Berlin 1954. color pl. 19 [poor reproduction])

[Sc ex Berlin Schloss] _______. Medallion Portrait of the King Friedrich I of Prussia. ex Berlin, Schloss, Schwarze Adlerkammer. stucco. He is contemplated by Fame holding? one? straight trumpet. (E. Redslob. Barock und Rokoko in den Schlössern von Berlin und Potsdam. Berlin 1954. color pl. 20 [poor reproduction]) This one is more agitated than the Queen's Fame. Very clearly vita contemplativa and vita activa, but perhaps not what the artist had in mind.

[Sc ex Berlin Schloss] _______. Fame? Berlin, Schloss, Rittersaal. sculpture (Kaminaufsatz). An angel (Fame?, Victory?) plays a straight trumpet. There is also a draped female figure with a palm frond and a wreath. (E. Redslob. Barock und Rokoko in den Schlössern von Berlin und Potsdam. Berlin 1954. color pl. 23, as after 1701; H. Reuthen. Barock in Berlin. Berlin 1969. p. 31; E. Ruhmer. Stilkunde der deutschen Kunst ... Berlin 2/1958. p. 65 [color reproduction], with location Schloss, Brautkammer)

[Sc Berlin Arsenal] Hulot, Guillaume (17th century). Fame. Berlin, Arsenal, facade. sculpture. Two figures of Fame astride cannons dominate the roof line. One holds one straight trumpet and plays another. The other plays a straight trumpet and holds a palm (?) branch. (P. du Colombier. L'architecture française en allemagne au XVIIIe siècle. Paris n.d. pl. 210 [distant view])

[Sc Dresden Zwinger] Anon. (begun 1711). Fame. Dresden, Zwinger, Wall Pavillion, Center Gable (the original destroyed in 1945). sculpture. In the original, two angels (Fame?) with straight trumpets flanked an armorial cartouche. In the reconstruction, there is an angel with a straight trumpet on only one side. (H. G. Ermisch. Der Dresdner Zwinger. Dresden 1956. pl. 4 [original], pl. 76 [reconstruction])

[Sc Fulda Dom] Artaria, Giovanni Battista (b.ca.1660). Angels. Fulda, Dom. stucco. Two prominent angels (Fame?) on an arch, flanking a cartouche, brandish straight trumpets. (E. Kramer. Fulda. Munich 2/1962. [Deutsche Lande Deutsche Kunst] pl. 18)

[Sc Köslin] Glume, Johann Georg (1679-1765), attr. Monument of Friedrich Wilhelm I in honor of the rebuilding of the city after the fire or 1718: the Proclamation of the Peace of Stockholm, 1720 (1724). Köslin, Marktplatz (the originals of the reliefs are in the Museum, Stettin). lead relief. A very amusing Fame blows a straight trumpet. (F. Adler et al. Pommern, V: Ostpommern. Berlin 1927. pl. 77; O. Schmit. Ostpommern. Berlin 1927. pl. 77)

[Sc Saarbrucken Schlosskirche] Coraille (Corail), Pierard (Pierrar) de (doc.1699-1725). Epitaph for Graf Gustav Adolf and Wife (1700). Saarbrucken, Schlosskirche. sculpture. Includes an angel (Fame) on top, with a wreath and a straight trumpet. (M. Klewitz. Das Saarland. Munich 2/1968. Abb. 79)

[Sc Vienna Hofbibliothek] Anon. Two Angels/Fames. Vienna, Hofbibliothek, Kuppelsaal. stucco/sculpture. Two Fames flank heraldic symbols and hold straight trumpets. There are apparently several pairs of these. (T. Zacharias. Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach [1693-1742]. Vienna 1960. fig. 63) Cf . engravings by Salomon Kleiner (1703 or 1700-1761) in Jeremias Jacob Sedelmayr, Dilvcida Repraesentatio ... Vienna 1737. pll. X-XIII (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Vienna 1977. figs. 22-25)

[Sc Vienna Hofburg Reitschule] Anon. Two Angels/Fames. Vienna, Hofburg, Reitschule, exterior roof line. sculpture. They have two straight trumpets. (T. Zacharias. Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach. Vienna 1960. fig. 50)

[Sc Vienna Hofburg Reitschule] Anon. Two Angels/Fames. Vienna, Hofburg, Reitschule, Torbekrönung. stucco/sculpture. Two Fames, each with two straight trumpets, support a crown above a door. Not very attractive. (T. Zacharias. Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach. Vienna 1960. fig. 28)

[Sc Vienna Palais Auersperg] Anon. Trophy (1706) Vienna, Palais Auersperg, facade. sculpture. The facade is topped by a trophy including a female figure with a straight trumpet (fragment, alas). (R. Hootz. Kunstdenkmäler in Österreich ... IV: Wien. Munich, Berlin 1968. p. 198)

[Sc Vienna Reichskanzlei] Anon. Two Angels/Fames. Vienna, Reichskanzlei, roofline. sculpture. Two Fames, each with two straight trumpets flank a cartouche. (H. Sedlmayr. Fischer von Erlach ... Munich 1925. pl. 87/2; T. Zacharias. Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach. Vienna 1960. fig. 53 [reproduction better than the one in Sedlmayr])

[Pa Hamburg Katharinenstr. 9] Anon., ca. 1700. Allegory. Hamburg, Haus Katharinenstr. 9. ceiling painting. Includes an angel (Fame?) with two straight trumpets, one played, the other held. (W. Rudhard. Das Bürgerhaus in Hamburg. Tübingen 1975. [Das deutsche Bürgerhaus, 21] p. not recorded)

[Pa Hannover HM] Anon., ca. 1692. Glorification of Elector Ernst August of Hannover. Hannover, Historisches Museum. Includes two angels (Fames?) with straight trumpets, one blowing toward him, the other blowing the other way. unimp. (Die Weltkunst 50 [1980] 2605)

[C Brand Pa] Brand, Christian Hilfgott (Hülfgott) (1695-1756 or later). Portrait of Michael Graf Althann. Raudnitz, Schloss. Includes an angel (Fame?) with a straight trumpet. (Topographie der historischen und Kunst-Denkmale im Königreich Böhmen, XXVII/2: Raudnitz-Schloss. Prague 1910. p. 159 [poor reproduction])

[C Carlone Fr] Carlone, Carlo Innocenzo (1686-1775). Allegory of Painting, Architecture and Sculpture (1734). Ansbach, Residenz, Grosser Saal. fresco. Includes two Fames, one playing and one holding a straight trumpet, each with a laurel wreath in the other hand. (A. Gebessler. Ansbach. Munich 1964. [Deutsche Land/Deutsche Kunst] Abb. 28; H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 169. He also refers to it as the glorification of the Margrave [Karl, 1712-1767, r.1723-1767]; H. Wagner. Barocke Festsäle in bayerischen Schlössern und Klöstern. Munich 1974. p. 137 [fine color reproduction])

[C Carlone Fr] _______. Glorification of the House of Wittelsbach. Brühl, Schloss Augustusburg, Gartensaal. ceiling fresco. Includes Fame with a wreath and a straight trumpet. (W. Bader et al. Aus Schloss Augustusburg zu Brühl und Falkenlust. Cologne 1961. pll. 38 [color reproduction], 39; W. Hansmann. Das Treppenhaus und das Grosse Neue Appartement des Brühler Schlosses. Düsseldorf 1972. fig. 139; exh Brühl, Schloss Augustusburg, 1961: Clemens August, Landesherr und Mäzen des 18. Jahrhunderts. pl. 11 [color reproduction]) Study for this (private collection, London). (Hansmann fig. 137)

[C Carlone Fr] _______. Allegory. Ludwigsburg, Schloss, Neues Corps de Logis, Speisezimmer. fresco. Includes Fame playing a straight trumpet and holding a wreath. (R. Schmidt. Schloss Ludwigsburg. Munich 1954. fig. 45 [ok reproduction], as 1731)

[C Carlone Fr] _______. Allegory. Ludwigsburg, Schloss, Familiengalerie. fresco. Includes an angel (Fame?) with a straight trumpet. (W. Hansmann. Das Treppenhaus und das Grosse Neue Appartement des Brühler Schlosses. Düsseldorf 1972. fig. 111, as 1733)

[C Carlone Fr] _______. Allegory. Vienna, Oberes Belvedere, grosser Saal. fresco. Includes an angel (Fame?) with a straight trumpet. (W. Hansmann. Das Treppenhaus und das Grosse Neue Appartement des Brühler Schlosses. Düsseldorf 1972. fig. 141, as 1721/22)

[Colombo Fr] Colombo (Colomba), Luca Antonio (1661-1737). Fame Announcing the Fame of Fürst Anselm Franz to the Three Graces. ex Frankfurt am Main, Palais Thurn und Taxis, Kuppelsaal (destroyed). fresco. Includes Fame with a straight trumpet (the house monogram on the banner). (F. Lübbecke. Das Palais Thurn und Taxis zu Frankfurt am Main. Frankfurt am Main 1955. p. 8 [color detail of Fame], pp. 270-271 [unhelpful reproduction, too small], as 1735)

[Decker Dr] Decker, Paul I (1671-1713). Hommage to Charles XII of Sweden. Hamburg, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Graphische Sammlung. drawing. Includes a bare-bosomed Fame with a wreath in one hand and blowing a straight trumpet while holding three crowns in the other hand. (Jahrbuch der Hamburger Kunstsammlungen 16 [1971] 72)

[Feichtmayr Fr] Feichtmayr, Johann Michael I (1666?-1713). ceiling fresco. St. Florian, Stift, Kaiser Zimmer, Blaues Zimmer. fresco. Includes an angel (Fame?) with crown and straight trumpet. (O. Wutzel. Das Chorherrenstift St. Florian. Linz 1971. Abb. 109, as 1707)

[Fromiller Fr] Fromiller, Josef Ferdinand (1693-1760). Gods and other figures. Obervillach, Schloss Trabuschgen. fresco. Includes Fame with a wreath and a straight trumpet (with a big, fancy banner). (R. Hootz. Kunstdenkmäler in Oesterreich ... II: Kärnten-Steiermark. Munich, Berlin 1966. p. 120, as 1716)

[Germann Fr] Germann, J. G. ceiling fresco. Schloff Wolfegg, Rotes Salon. fresco. Include a Fame with a straight trumpet. (Johannes Graf von Waldburg Wolfegg. Schloss Wolfegg. Munich 1961. p. 31, as ca. 1720)

[Gran Fr] Gran, Daniel (1694-1757). Diana Received in Olympus (1732). Schloss Eckartsau (NÖ), ceiling fresco. Includes two putti blowing 1-1/2 (?) circle open-hooped horns and Fame holding a straight trumpet. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Wien 1977. cat. F 47, Abb. 78, 81; =? G. Dehio. Geschichte der deutschen Kunst III/2. Abbildungen. Berlin & Leipzig 1926. Abb. 626) There is an oil sketch for this (Vienna, Oe. Galerie, Barockmuseum) with three putti with horns (one 1-1/2 circle, at least one clearly 2-1/2 circle) and an angel (Fame?) with a trumpet. There are also two unplayed horns. (Knab Taf. 5 opp. p. 64 [small color reproduction]; Oe. Galerie. Das Barockmuseum im unteren Belvedere. Vienna 1923. no. 164, pl. 38. 2/1934. p. 136)

[Gran Fr] _______. Allegory. Klosterneuburg, Kaisersaal. cupola fresco. Includes an angel (Fame?) with two straight trumpets, one played, one held. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Wien 1977. cat. F 91, Abb. 231, as Die Glorie und Majestät des Hauses Österreich [1749]) Study for this (drawing) (Vienna Albertina, inv. 26.957) (Knab cat. Z101, Abb. 226).

[Gran Fr] _______. Apotheosis of Emperor Charles VI. Vienna, Nationalbibliothek. cupola fresco. Includes an angel (Fame?) blowing two straight trumpets. (R. Feuchtmüller. Kunst in Österreich, II. Vienna, etc., 1973. Abb. 44 [distant view -- also shows two sculptures (trompe-l'oeil) of angels holding straight trumpets flanking heraldic symbols], as completed 1730; E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Wien 1977. cat. F 30-45, Taf. 2 opp. p. 16 [color reproduction of the whole fresco, small for details], Abb. 49 [poor reproduction], as finished 1730. Abb. 50 & 52 include depictions of the sculptured angels flanking the heraldic symbols) Engraved by Salomon Kleiner in Jeremias Jacob Sedelmayr, Dilvcida Repraesentatio ... Vienna 1737. Tab. XII. (Knab fig. 21; figs. 22 and 23 also depict the sculptured angels)

[Gran Dr] _______. A Study for a Fame. Vienna Albertina. drawing. She plays one straight trumpet and holds another. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Wien 1977. cat. no. Z 101, Abb. 226)

[Gran Fr] _______. Apollo with Vices and Virtues. Vienna, Palais Schwarzenberg, Marmorgalerie. fresco. Includes a bare-bosomed Fame holding two straight trumpets. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Vienna 1977. cat. F12, Abb. 23, as 1726; H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 84, as 1724-28)

[Hackhofer Fr] Hackhofer, Johann Cyriak (1675-1731). Angels. Festenburg, Katharinenkirche. fresco. A separate angel (=Fame?) has a trumpet. (G. Brucher. Die barocke Deckenmalerei in der Steiermark. Graz 1973. cover [color], Taf. LXXXIX [color, in sitù], Abb. 182, as finished 1710)

[Halbax Fr] Halbax, Michael Wenzel (ca.1661-1711). Putto. St. Florian, Stift, Kaiser Zimmer, Bischofszimmer. fresco. A putto (Famelet?) has a straight trumpet with a banner. (O. Wutzel. Das Chorherrenstift St. Florian. Linz 1971. Abb. 107)

[Leygebe Pa] Leygebe (Leigeb), Paul Carl (1664-p.1730). Triumph of the Great Elector/ Triumph des grossen Kurfürsten. Potsdam, Stadtschloss, Marmorsaal. Includes a Fame with a straight trumpet. (E. Redslob. Barock und Rokoko in den Schlössern von Berlin und Potsdam. Berlin 1954. color pl. 2[a] [poor color reproduction], as ca.1694)

[Maderno Fr] Maderno (Maderni), Anton (Antonio) (doc. 1695). Allegory (1695). Pöllau, ehem. Stifstbibliothek. ceiling fresco. Includes an angel (Fame? -- an odd one) playing a straight trumpet. (G. Brucher. Die barocke Deckenmalerei in der Steiermark. Graz 1973. Abb. 152, 153, as 1699)

[Remshardt Pr] Remshardt, Carl (1678-1735). Design for a Ceiling. engraving. Includes an angel (Fame?) with a straight trumpet. very unimp. (H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 57)

[Rottmayr Pa] Rottmayr, Johann Michael (1654-1730). Rottmayr, Johann Michael (1654-1730). Triumph of the Arts and Sciences. Sibiu (Hermannstadt), Brukenthalsches Museum. Includes an angel (Fame?) with a straight trumpet. (Alte und moderne Kunst 10/79 [1965] 42)

[Steidl Fr] Steidl, Melchior Michael (doc.1687-m.1727). The von Monfort Arms. Arnstorf, Oberes Schloss, Kaisersaal. fresco. Two rather nymph-like Fames flank the arms, each with two straight trumpets (one played, one held). (Franz Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein. Schlösser in Bayern ... Munich 1972. Abb. 156, as 1714)

[Stuber Fr] Stuber, Nicolaus Gottfried (1688-1749). Glorification of Emperor Charles VII. Brühl, Schloss Augustusburg. ceiling fresco. Includes an angel (Fame) with a straight trumpet. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Rheinprovinz, IV/1: Landkreis Köln. Düsseldorf 1897. pl. XII, opp. p. 90)

[Troger Fr] Troger, Paul (1698-1762). Apotheosis of Charles VI as Apollo (1739). Göttweig, Stift, Kaisersteige. fresco. Includes a busty, bare-legged angel (Fame) with foliage in one hand and blowing a straight trumpet. There is also an insignificant putto holding a trumpet. (B. Grimschitz et al. Barock in Österreich. Vienna 1960. Abb. 38 [detail, with the Fame]; R. Hootz. Kunstdenkmäler in Österreich ... III: Oberösterreich-Niederösterreich-Burgenland. Munich, Berlin 1967. p. 81)

[Wentzel Fr] Wentzel, Johann Friedrich I (1670-1729). Glorification of Frederick I, King of Prussia (1657-1712). ex Berlin, Stadtschloss, Rittersaal. Includes an angel (Fame?) with a wreath and a palm branch in one hand and a straight trumpet in the other. (H. Reuther. Barock in Berlin ... Berlin 1969. p. 9 [fuzzy color reproduction]; E. Redslob. Barock und Rokoko in den Schlössern von Berlin und Potsdam. Berlin 1954. frontispiece [color reproduction], as ca. 1703)

Hearing (Five Senses): [Herrliberger Pr] Herrliberger, David (1697-1777). "Gehor/Bubikon," from a series combining the Five Senses with views of various estates. engraving. Hearing is represented by mounted military figures playing three trumpets and kettledrums. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz, 15: Kanton Zürich Landschaft II. Basel 1943. p. 161, as ca.1740)

Hunts (Allegorical): [Gl art market] Bohemian, early 18th century. "Zum schönsten jagts sich bei der nacht/ein schönes wilt in seiner pracht." Munich art market (1977). etched glass. A nocturnal hunt by the ladies, one of whom blows a straight trumpet and holds an arrow, following another who has just shot her bow. (Die Weltkunst 47 [1977] 2119)

Music/Poetry/Liberal Arts: See also Mythology, Muses.

[Gran Fr] Gran, Daniel (1694-1757). The Liberal Arts: Music. Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Prunksaal. lunette fresco. Includes an unplayed trumpet. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Vienna 1977. cat. F23, Abb. 38)

[Strudel Pa] Strudel, Peter (Freiherr von Strudendorff) (1660-1714). Allegory of Music/Poetry. Vienna, Palais Daun-Kinsky auf der Freyung. Includes a female figure with a lute and a putto holding a straight trumpet and another putto holding a music sheet. (Salmen Katalog. pl. 55; Alte und moderne Kunst 18/130-131 [1973] 35, as ca. 1714)

Vice/Virtue: See also Allegory, Fame.

War and Peace: [Brandenburg Fr] Brandenburg, Johannes (1661-1729). Athene in the Chariot of the Sun. Schloss Thunstetten. fresco. There is a pile of peaceful props (they are associated with Diana) including a coiled horn; and a pile of military props including trumpet, kettledrums and frame drum. (G. Carlen. Der Zuger Barockmaler Johanes Brandenburg ... Zug 1977. cat. no. A 124, p. 121, as 1715)

[Engelbrecht Pr] Engelbrecht, Martin (1684-1756). "Trompeten, Paucken, Posaunen." engraving. A trumpeter stands beside a window and blows his trumpet while a boy sits on the floor and taps one of a small pair of kettledrums. There are a trumpet and trombone, unplayed and partly visible, on a table. Trumpets and kettledrums are instruments of War, trombones and cornetts, instruments of Peace. (Naylor Trumpet and Trombone. fig. 100, with English translation of the accompanying text)

[Gran Fr] Gran, Daniel (1694-1757). Allegory of the Wealth and Power of Moravia. Brno, "Altes Landhaus", great hall. ceiling fresco. Includes an angel (Fame?) holding a wreath and a straight trumpet. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Vienna 1977. cat. F48, Abb. 85-86, as 1734-35) Oil sketch for this (Vienna, Akademie der bildenden Künste) with a bare-bosomed angel (Fame?) near the top holding a straight trumpet and a draped female figure (beside Bellona) near the bottom of the composition playing a trumpet. (Knab cat. Ö23, Taf. 6 opp. p. 80 [color reproduction]; exh Darmstadt, 1914: Deutsches Barock und Rokoko. Ed. G. Biermann. vol. I, Abb. 281 [fair reproduction]) There is apparently another one, in Vienna, Lower Belvedere, Barockmuseum, with a woman (? -- beside Bellona) playing a trumpet and Fame (?) holding a straight trumpet. (Knab cat. Ö24, Abb. 90; H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 85, as "Herkules beschützte Künste und Wissenschaften"; Oe. Galerie. Das Barockmuseum im unteren Belvedere. 2/Vienna 1934. p. 137) Another study (drawing) (Vienna Albertina, inv. 26.797.D.1997). The angel (Fame, with a wreath and playing a straight trumpet) surmounts the composition. (Knab cat. Z32, Abb. 89)

[Gran Fr] _______. Allegory of Military Music and the Arts of War. Vienna, Nationalbibliothek. cupola fresco. Trompe l'oeil figures. This is the section of the fresco called the "Schule von Athen." Female (!) figures play trumpet and kettledrums. A man holds a trumpet and his music. Another trumpet (? -- it has a rather large bell) pokes through the railing. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Wien 1977. Abb. 51 [unhelpful detail with the kettledrummer and the trumpeters]; Salmen Katalog. front cover [fine detail of the trumpeters and kettledrummer]) Engraved by Salomon Kleiner in Jeremias Jacob Sedelmayr, Dilvcida Repraesentatio ... Vienna 1737. Tab. XII. (Knab fig. 23)

Other: [Strudel Pa] Strudel, Peter (Freiherr von Strudendorff) (1660-1714). Allegory of Statecraft/Staatskunst. Vienna, Palais Daun-Kinsky auf der Freyung. Includes a trumpet (no player) poking up from clouds. (Alte und moderne Kunst 18/130-131 [1973] 35, as ca. 1714)

VIII: Emblems and Proverbs

See also Miscellaneous Figures, Watchmen

X: Portraits, Genre Portraits and Conversation Pieces

See also Allegory, Fame.

[Haussmann Pa] Haussmann, Elias Gottlieb (1695-1774). Portrait of Gottfried Reiche (1667-1734) (1727). Leipzig, Stadtgeschichtliches Museum (ex Stadtbibliothek). He holds a 4-1/2 circle tightly coiled horn (Jägertrompete). (D. Altenburg. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Trompete im Zeitalter der Clarinblaskunst [1500-1800]. Regensburg 1973 [Kölner Beiträge zur Musikforschung, 75] vol. III, Abb. 26; Early Music 5 [1977] 177 [with detail of the horn]; Early Music 6 [1978] 359 [detail of the horn], 360 [detail of Reiche's face]; exh Leipzig, Museum der bildenden Künste, 1965: 500 Jahre Kunst in Leipzig. cat. no. 179, Abb. 11; exh Darmstadt, 1914: Deutsches Barock und Rokoko. Ed. G. Biermann. vol. I. Abb. 546) Engraved by Johann Friedrich Rosbach (1727). (Brüchle and Janetzky 1976, p. 93 [fine reproduction]; Naylor The Trumpet and Trombone. no. 104; MGG vol. ll, Taf. 13/1) Note Max Beckmann (1884-1950), Self-Portrait (London art market, 1974), which seems done in obvious imitation of this.

XI: Still Life

See also Allegory, War and Peace.

XII: Decorative Elements

See also Scenes of Everyday Life -- Outdoor, Battles and Encampments; Miscellaneous Figures, Military; Miscellaneous Figures, Putti.

[Sc Briesen] Anon., early 18th century. Wappenepitaph of Carl Philipp von Klitzing (m.1717). Briesen, Kirche. sculpture. A trophy includes two coiled horns, two frame drums, two kettledrums, and perhaps some trumpets. Probably based on an engraved portrait border. (Brandenburg is a cultural desert.) (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Provinz Brandenburg, V/3: Cottbus. Berlin 1938. p. 200)

[Sc Dannenwalde] Anon. Epitaph for Adolf Friedrich I von Waldow (m.1717) and Eva Sofia von Wulffen (m.1714). Dannenwalde, Church. wood sculpture. An angel above holds a straight trumpet. The portraits are surrounded by a great forest of military trophies (in the style of engraved portrait borders), including at least one trumpet and a pair of kettledrums. (Kunst- und Geschichts-Denkmäler des Freistaates Mecklenburg-Strelitz, I/1: Das Land Stargard. Neubrandenburg 1925. opp. p. 54)

[Wsc Steinhöfel] Anon. Epitaph for Balthasar Dietloff von Wulffen (m.1726). Steinhöfel, Church. wood sculpture. Includes two prominent frame drums, a prominent pair of kettledrums and two inconspicuous trumpets (military symbols). (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Provinz Brandenburg, VI/1: Lebus. Berlin 1909. pl. 30)

[C Carlone Fr] Carlone, Carlo Innocenzo (1686-1775). Hommage to the Fine Arts by Clemens August, Elector of Cologne. Brühl, Schloss Augustusburg, Treppenhaus/Main Staircase. ceiling fresco. Includes a military trophy with coiled horn, trumpet and kettledrums. There is also an angel (Fame?) with two straight trumpets (one played, one held). (exh Schloss Augustusburg, 1961: Kurfürst Clemens August, Landesherr und Mäzen des 18. Jahrhunderts. pl. 8 [color reproducton]; W. Hansmann. Das Treppenhaus und das Grosse Neue Appartement des Brühler Schlosses. Düsseldorf 1972. fig. 105) A study for this (with the Fame but not the trophy) (Karlsruhe KH). (sale Christie's 9.VII.1982; Burlington 124 [1982] July ad p. v; Burlington 125 [1983] 319 [minuscule reproduction]; Die Weltkunst 52 [1982] 1803 [color reproduction]) Oil study/bozzetto for this (London art market) (sale, Christie's, London, 1.IV. 1966, lot. 89; Alte und moderne Kunst 11/87 [1966] 27)

[Fischer von Erlach Dr] Fischer von Erlach, Joseph Emanuel (1693-1742). First Project for the Michaelerfront of the Hofburg. drawing. Includes two winged equestrian figures with straight trumpets at the entrance to the courtyard. Rare. (H. Sedlmayr. [J. B.] Fischer von Erlach. Munich 1925. pll. 56-57. no location; T. Zacharias. Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach. Vienna 1960. Abb. 41. no location)

[Gran Fr] Gran, Daniel (1694-1757). Decoration. Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 3d vault of the Prunksaal. grisaille fresco. The decoration includes an unplayed trumpet. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Vienna 1977. cat. F23, Abb. 38 [small reproduction])

[Montalegre Pr] Montalegre, Joseph de (op. first half, 18th century). Portrait of Georg Ludwig, Kurfürst von Hannover, Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, later King George I of England. engraving. A little military trophy in the border includes a trumpet (partly visible) and a pair of kettledrums. (MGG V, col. 1469)

[Müller Pr] Müller, Johann Jacob (op. last quarter, 17th century). Portrait of Rudolph August, Count Palatine. engraving. Among the mostly military items in the border, there is a small, 1-1/2 circle coiled horn (rather like a post horn). There is also at least one trumpet and a kettledrum. (Hollstein [German] XXIX, no. 3, p. 71)

XIII: Scenes of Everyday Life -- Outdoor

Battles and Encampments: [CI Mölln 1667/BI Nuremberg 1696] Dahlberg, Erik Jönson (1625-1703). "Ordinatio Exercitus Suedici di 10 July Ani 1667," from S. Pufendorf, De rebus a Carolo Gustavo Sueciae rege gestis ... Nuremberg, Riegel, 1696. engraving. Includes two mounted trumpeters in the right foreground, and two very prominent mounted kettledrummers in the center foreground. (O. Klost and L. Martius. Ortsansichten und Stadtpläne des Herzogtümer Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg. Neumunster 1962. [Studien zur schleswig-holsteinischen Kunstgeschichte, 8] p. 402; Die Weltkunst52 [1972] 1465)

[Bemmel Pa] Bemmel, Johann Georg van (1669-1723). Military Scene with Prisoners. Budapest art market (1923). Includes a prominent mounted trumpeter. (Enyedy sale, Ernst-Museum, Budapest, 15.II.1923)

[Brandenburg Pa] Brandenburg, Johannes (1661-1729). The Conquest of Landau. Thunstetten, Schloss. Includes a mounted trumpeter among a group of officers, holding his trumpet. Also, at the top of the composition, there is mock drapery and a cartouche flanked by two straight trumpets with banners (no players). (G. Carlen. Der Zuger Barockmaler Johannes Brandenburg. Zug 1977. cat. no. A127, pp. 64 [color detail], 125 [whole, poor reproduction], as 1715)

[Querfurt Pa] Querfurt, Augustus (August) (1696-1761). Troops Leaving an Encampment. Aschaffenburg, Staatsgalerie. Includes a prominent mounted trumpeter. (1964 catalog, pl. 32)

[Querfurt Pa] _______. Military Camp with Officers Throwing Dice. Berlin art market (1981). Includes a mounted trumpeter blowing his trumpet. (Die Weltkunst 51 [1981] 1720 [small, unhelpful color reproduction])

[Rugendas Pa] Rugendas, Georg Philipp (1666-1742). Breaking Camp. Augsburg, Städtische Kunstsammlung, Deutsche Barockgalerie (depot). Includes three mounted trumpeters and a mounted kettldrummer. They are not very clear. (A. C. Held. Georg Philipp Rugendas ... Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich 1996. cat. no. G19, fig. 15 [poor reproduction], as ca.1698) Drawing (1698) for this in the Kunstsammlung, Veste Coburg, Inv. Z429. (A. C. Held. Georg Philipp Rugendas ... Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich 1996. cat. no.Z19, fig. 16 [ok reproducton])

[Rugendas Pa] _______. Departure for Battle. Augsburg, Städtische Kunstsammlung, Deutsche Barockgalerie, Inv. no. 3665. The central figure is a mounted trumpeter blowing a rather dinky trumpet. Too bad the trumpet isn't better. (A. C. Held. Georg Philipp Rugendas ... Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich 1996. cat. no. G108, fig. 81 [poor reproduction], as after 1735)

[Rugendas Pa] _______. Departure for Battle. private collection. The large central figures are three mounted trumpeters and a kettledrummer (cross-sticking). The instruments are relatively small. Rugendas is not interested in musical instruments. He much prefers horses. (A. C. Held. Georg Philipp Rugendas ... Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich 1996. cat. no. G34. fig. 126 and color pl. V, as ca.1700)

[Rugendas Pa] _______. Looting after the Battle. Braunschweig HAUM, Inv. no. 585. Includes a mounted trumpeter on a rise in the right middle ground, overlooking the events. (A. C. Held. Georg Philipp Rugendas ... Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich 1996. cat. no. G74, fig. 56 [poor reproduction], as ca.1709-12) Drawing (1709) for this in Augsburg, Städtische Kunstsammlung, Deutsche Barockgalerie. (A. C. Held. Georg Philipp Rugendas ... Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich 1996. cat. no. Z42, fig. 57 [fair reproduction])

[Rugendas Pa] _______. Wedding in a Military Encampment. Hampton Court Palace, Royal Collection. The ceremony is accompanied by two (?) trumpeters and a kettledrummer (his drums rest on the ground). (A. C. Held. Georg Philipp Rugendas ... Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich 1996. cat. no.G88, fig. 64 [useless reproduction], as ca.1710) Drawing (1709) for this in Augsburg, Städtische Kunstsammlung, Deutsche Barockgalerie, Inv. no. G12984. (A. C. Held. Georg Philipp Rugendas ... Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich 1996. cat. no. Z43, fig. 65 [ok detail])

[Rugendas Pa] _______. Soldiers Getting Underway. Vaduz, Sammlung des Regierenden Fürsten von Liechtenstein, Inv. 1291. Includes a central trumpeter sounding the call. He is prominent, but a back view and one can't really see the trumpet. Pity. (A. C. Held. Georg Philipp Rugendas ... Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Munich 1996. cat. no.G41, fig. 28 [fair reproduction], as ca.1704/05)

[Rugendas Pa] _______. Battle Scene. Vienna art market (1914). Includes two prominent mounted trumpeters and a drummer on foot. (sale, Dorotheum, Vienna, 18-19.V.1914)

[Rugendas Pa] _______. Battle Scene. Munich art market (1907). Includes prominent mounted trumpeters. (sale Hanfstaengl, Munich, 1907)

Boating Parties: [CI Vienna (Rossau) before 1713] Johann Adam Delsenbach (1687-1765) after Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach (1656-1723). "Prospect von dem Lust-Gebäude und Garten Sr. Excell: des H. Generals Graff Gundacker von Althan in der Wienerschen Vorstatt, die Rossau genant, an einem Arm der Donau," from Anfang einiger Vorstellungen ... Taf. 26 engraving. A view of a Gartenpalais beside a river, with a trumpeter in the bow of a gondola. (H. Sedlmayr. Johann Bernard Fischer von Erlach. Vienna 1956. pl. 33 [fair reproduction -- not helpful for details]; exh Graz, Vienna, Salzburg, 1956/7: Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. pl. 37 [miserable reproduction], as before 1713)

Boats/Ships/Naval Scenes: See also Scenes of Everyday Life -- Outdoor, Views.

[CI Berlin ca.1705] Johann Georg Wolfgang (Wolffgang) (1662-1744) after Michiel Maddersteg (1659-1709). Liburnia, the yacht of Friedrich I, in the Spree in front of the Berlin Schloss (ca.1705). engraving. In the stern of the yacht there are at least four trumpeters and a kettledrummer. (H. Ludwig. Erlebnis Berlin ... 4/Berlin 1975. Abb. 14 [fuzzy reproduction])

Carnival: See also Pageants.

Equestrian Events (not Cavalcades, Tournaments): See also Scenes of Everyday Life -- Indoor, Other.

Fairs/Festivals: [Dr Berlin ex Lipperheydsche Kostümbibliothek] Anon., late 17th century. Krönungsfest in Augsburg, 1690. ex Berlin, Lipperheydsche Kostümbibliothek. drawing. Two separate drawings. One includes an oxen roast accompanied by four trumpeters, and the other depicts a distribution of grain accompanied by two trumpeters. (W. Flemming. Deutsche Kultur im Zeitalter des Barock. Potsdam 1937. p. 32)

Hunts and Hunters: [Ridinger Pr] Ridinger, Johann Elias (1698-1767). Driving Game/Chasse aux toiles. Nuremberg art market (1984). drawing. Includes figures on foot beside a shooting tent playing four trumpets and a pair of kettledrums. (Die Weltkunst 54 [1984] 119 [useless reproduction])

Landscapes: [Brandenburg Fr] Brandenburg, Johannes (1661-1729). Landscape. Schloss Thunstetten. The foreground figures are five mounted military trumpeters. There may also be more trumpets and kettledrums elsewhere. (G. Carlen. Der Zuger Barockmaler Johannes Brandenburg. Zug 1977. cat. no. A128, p. 125 [useless reproduction], as 1715)

Pageants: See also Processions/Cavalcades/Entrees/Parades.

[Dr Dresden KsK] Anon., early 18th century. Parnassus with singers and musicians, from the "Grossen Aufzug zu Pferd und Fuss," from the "Karussel-Rennen" of the four parts of the Earth, for the visit of Frederick IV of Denmark to the Court of August the Strong, Dresden, 19 June 1709. Dresden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Kupferstichkabinett. drawing. Incudes a trumpeter standing at the front. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 195; MGG I, Taf. XXXV/1 [small reproduction])

[Dr Dresden KsK] Anon., ca. 1719. Water fete with the Arrival of Diana and her Nymphs in a Barge, from "Recueil des dessins et gravures represantant les solemnités du mariage de ... le prince Frédéric Auguste, Prince royal de Pologne, Elect. de Saxe et de ... Marie Josephe arch-duchesse d'Autriche, en 1719." Dresden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Kupferstichkabinett. drawing. Includes the Dresden Hofkapelle under Johann David Heinichen, performing his serenade Diana sull'Elba. The orchestra includes a trumpeter. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 203 [best reproduction so far]; Brüchle and Janetzky 1976. p. 116; MGG III, Taf. 18)

[Mauro-Diziani Dr] Mauro, Alessandro (doc.1711-1719) and Gaspare Diziani (1689-1767). Design for a Dresden court festival (1719). drawing. Includes court musicians with six trumpets and Fame (on top of a pavilion) playing a straight trumpet and holding a wreath. (Arte veneta 35 [1981] 127, location not recorded)

Processions/Cavalcades/Entrees/Parades: See also Pageants.

[CI Dresden 1695] Moritz Bodenehr (1665-1749) after Martin Klötzel. First troop, featuring Jupiter and Juno, from the parade in celebration of the carnival season at the ducal court, Dresden, 7 February 1695, from M. Klötzel, Heidnischer Götter und Göttinen prächtiger Aufzug ... Dresden 1696. pl. 1. engraving. Includes a large musical ensemble, with trumpets. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 177 [small and fuzzy reproduction])

[CI Dresden 1695] _______. Pageant wagon of the Muses on Mount Parnassus. pl. 14. One of the "Muses" (noble ladies of the court) blows a trumpet. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 181)

[CI Dresden 1695] Moritz Bodenehr (1665-1749) after Martin Klötzel. "Mercurius in Pferde ..." from the opening procession of the Gods and Godesses, from the parade in celebration of Carnival, Dresden, 7 February 1695, from M. Klötzel, Der von dem Durchlauchtigsten Chur-Fürsten in Sachsen ... ausgestellte ... Götterauffzug. Dresden 1697. pl. 1. engraving. With numerous musicians, including eight trumpeters. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 178 [fair reproduction])

[CI Dresden 1709] Johann [Christian?] Mock [doc.1732-34?] after Johann Georg Wolfgang (1662-1744). Procession to a carrousel during the festivities celebrating the state visit of King Frederik IV of Denmark to the court of the Elector of Saxony, Dresden, 18 June 1708, from Auffahrt zum Carrousel am Dresdner Hof. Dresden [1719?]. engraving. Includes twelve mounted trumpeters and two mounted kettledrummers. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 193, as Johann Mock after Johann Wolfgang)

[CI Frankfurt am Main 1711] Anon.? Der Kaiserliche Zug .../ Coronation procession of Emperor Charles VI, Frankfurt am Main, 22 December 1711. engraving. A panoramic view, including twelve trumpeters and a kettledrummer. (Alte und moderne Kunst, 12/H.93 [1967] 18 [fair reproduction])

[CI Freising 1690] Wenig, Michael (1645-1718). Procession into the city of Freising for the installation of Elector Joseph Clemens as Bishop, 18 June 1690, from Ausführliche Beschreibung ... Munich 1690. pl. 5. engraving. Includes six trumpeters on foot and a kettledrummer (the kettledrums hung on a man's back). (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 175; Naylor Trumpet and Trombone. fig. 205 [ok detail], as 19 January 1690)

[CI Nuremberg 1688] Henckel, J[ohann] P[eter] [doc.1710-1768?]. "Des löblichen Circkelschmiedhandwercks Danzaufzug welcher am Tag Jacobi und zwar 1688 das letzemal allhier gelanten wurde," in the Rathausplatz, Nuremberg, 1688. pub. [Nuremberg] A. J. Trautner. engraving. A guild procession. Three civic trumpeters (and more?) lead the procession. (F. T. Schulz. Nürnbergs Bürgerhäuser, I/2. Leipzig n.d. [pref. 1933?] p. 485 [poor reproduction])

[CI Nuremberg ca.1700] Anon. "Das haus bey dem Gulden Schild [Schildgasse 23] allwo die Guldne Bull aufgerichtet worden ist im Jahr 1356. der Huft Schmid Umgang." engraving. A guild procession led by four civic (?) trumpeters(?). (F. T. Schulz. Nürnbergs Bürgerhäuser, I/2. Leipzig n.d. [pref. 1933?] p. 505)

[CI Steyer 1728] Johann Heinrich Störchlin (1687-1737) after Ignaz Flurer (1688-1742). Ceremonial entry of HRE Charles VI into Steyer to receive Oaths of Fealty during his installation as Duke of Steyer, Steyer 6 July 1728, from Georg von Deyerlsperg, Erb-Huldigung ... Graz 1740. fold-out plate following p. 44. engraving. There are eight mounted trumpeters and a kettledrummer in the parade, and three oboists and three drummers standing at the side along the line of the parade. (Bowles 1989, fig. 211)

[Weigel Pr] Weigel, Johann Christoph (1661-1726). Austrian Military Band (Harmoniemusik). engraving. Figures play bassoon, thee oboes, two coiled horns and trumpet. (Brüchle and Janetzky. p. 92; Salmen Katalog. p. 109 [fair reproduction])

Tournaments: See also Allegory, Fame.

[CI Munich 1727] Bäck, Matthäus. "Damen-Carausel," in Fürstenried, 14 May 1727, on the occasion of the festivities attending the birth of the Kurprinz Max Joseph. engraving. It is a sort of mock tournament along a barricade. Women in carriages throw lances (?) at statues of cupid, accompanied by eight or more trumpeters. (Kreis der Freunde Alt-Münchens. Schönes altes München. Munich 1965. p. 219)

[CI Vienna ca.1690] Johann Anton Delsenbach [i.e. Johann Adam (1687-1765)?] after Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach (1656-1723). "Premier projet ... que l'auteur a formé pour placer la Venerie Imperiale sur la hauteur de Schönbrunn ..., from Entwurff einer historischen Architektur. Vienna 1721. vol. IV, pl. 2. engraving. First design for Schloss Schönbrunn and and its garden. There is a tournament taking place on the grounds, with four groups each of six trumpeters and a kettledrummer, placed at each of the four corners of the jousting field. (G. Dehio. Geschichte der deutschen Kunst, III/2. Abbildungen. Berlin and Leipzig 1926. Abb. 525, as ca.1690-95; H. Filletz. Kunst aus Österreich: Barock. Bad Vöslau [1966]. Abb. 1, as ca. 1690 [ok reproduction]; B. Grimschitz et al. Barock in Österreich. Vienna 1960. Abb 1; H. Sedlmayr. Fischer von Erlach d. Ä. Munich 1925. pl. 18 [much too small reproduction]; ________. Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. Vienna 1956. pl. 40 [small reproduction]; exh Graz, Vienna, Salzburg, 1956/57: Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. pl. 2, as from the first half of the 1690's; Alte und moderne Kunst 20/H.138 [1975] 21, as 1690; Ibid. 21/H. 146 [1976] 21 [ok reproduction, but not good for details]; Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 54 [1991] 241 [small reproduction])

[Reinhard Fr] Reinhard, Sebastian (ca.1653-1716). Tournament with Margrave Hermann. Banz, ehem. Benediktinerkloster. fresco. Includes three mounted trumpeters and a kettledrummer. The Margrave was the 11th-century husband of the founder of the cloister. He was killed in the tournament, which is said to have taken place in Würzburg. unimp. (H. Wagner. Barocke Festsäle in bayerischen Schlössern und Klöstern. Munich 1974. p. 73 [fine color reproduction])

[Spiegler Fr] Spiegler, Franz Joseph (1691-1751). Duel between Count Johannes von Sonnenberg and Cavaliere Antonio Maria d'Aragona di San Severino. Wolfegg, ehem. Stiftskirche St. Katherine, nave. vault fresco. Includes two mounted figures with coiled horns, as well as others with two trumpets and kettledrums. There are also angels with four straight trumpets, two flutes and at least one drum. (H. R. Hitchcock. Rococo Architecture in S. Germany. London 1968. fig. 108; A. Schahl and W. von Matthey. Die Kunstdenkmäler des ehem. Kreises Waldsee. Stuttgart and Berlin 1943. [Die Kunstdenkmäler in Württemberg] Taf. 49. As Spiegler Workshop, overpainted in last restoration.)

Views: See also Allegory, Hearing (Five Senses); Scenes of Everyday Life -- Outdoor, Tournaments.

[BI Hamburg 1683] Anon. "Die Hollandische Dreck-Tchünt," from E. G. Happelii, Grosste Denkwürdigkeiten der Welt. Hamburg 1683. engraving. Includes a pleasure pavilion with a trumpeter tooting out the side. (W. Flemming. Deutsche Kultur im Zeitalter des Barock. Potsdam 1937. p. 177)

[CI Vienna 1686] Joseph Mulder (1659/60-doc. to 1718) after Folbert (Folpert) van Alten-Allen (a.1635-1715). Bird's-Eye View of Vienna and the Surrounding Area (1686). engraving. Includes mounted trumpeters and at least one kettledrummer. (K. Ginhart. Wiener Kunstgeschichte. Vienna 1948. opp. p. 44 [useless reproduction])

[Delsenbach Pr] Delsenbach, Johann Adam (1687-1765). View of the Fürst-Liechtenstein-Schloss, Landskron. engraving. Includes two prominent mounted trumpeters in the left foreground. (O. Kletzl. Die deutsche Kunst in Böhmen und Mähren. Berlin 1941. p. not recorded)

[Rodingh Pr] Rodingh, Peter (doc.1676-1685). View of the Schloss, Darmstadt (ca.1675). engraving. Includes two mounted trumpeters, perhaps to welcome the carriage arriving at the left. (G. Haupt. Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler der Stadt Darmstadt. Darmstadt 1952. fig. 351, p. 167)

[Werner Dr] Werner, Friedrich Bernhard (1690-1778). "Fürstl. Residenz Stadt Kiel in Hollstein" (1727). drawing. A view of Kiel from the east, with a trumpeter in the bow of a sailboat under full sail. (C. H. Seebach. Das Kieler Schloss. Neumünster 1965. [Studien zur schleswig-holsteinschen Kunstgeschichte, 9]. fig. 19 --no location?)

Village/Rustic Scenes: [Querfurt Pa] Querfurt, Augustus (August) (1696-1761). Cavalry Troops Halted at a Blacksmith. Rome, Galleria Doria. Includes a trumpeter holding his trumpet. (G. Torselli. La Galleria Doria. Rome 1969. p. 221)

Other: [CI Königsberg 1701] Johann Friedrich Wentzel (1670-1729) after Johann Wolfgang (1662-1744). Proclamation of the coronation of Elector Friedrich III as King of Prussia in the Königsberger Schlosshof, Königsberg, 18 January 1701, from Johann von Besser, Preussische Kronungs-Geschichte ... Cölln an der Spree 1712. etching. Includes two groups of ca. 12 trumpeters and kettledrummers. (R. M. Haas. Die Musik des Barocks. Potsdam 1928, R/1949. p. 258 [poor reproduction])

[CI Dresden 1678] Various artists. "Des Herolds Aufzug bey der Publication des Cartels und Articul zum Ring- und Quintan-Rennen," from Gabriel Tzschimmer, Die Durchläuchtigste Zusammenkunfft ... Nuremberg, J. Hoffmann, 1680. fol. 59. engraving. A proclamation, Dresden, February, 1678, attended by nine mounted trumpeters and a mounted kettle drummer. (Naylor Trumpet and Trombone. no. 166)

[Pr Anon.] Anon. [late 17th century?]. "Der sauffende Student," from a series of Student Types. engraving. In the background (minuscule detail) there are two (?) trumpeters standing in a doorway. (Hirth no. 3149)

XIV: Scenes of Everyday Life -- Indoor

Banquets: [CI Frankfurt am Main 1711] Meyer, Wilhelm C. Coronation banquet for Emperor Charles VII in the banquet hall, Römer, Frankfurt am Main, 22 December 1711, from Vollständiges Diarium ... Frankfurt am Main 1712. etching. The accompanying musicians include ca. six trumpeters and a kettledrummer. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 197)

[CI Steyer 1728] Johann Heinrich Störchlin (1687-1737) after Ignaz Flurer (1688-1742). Banquet in the Ceremonial Chambers of the City Hall during Oaths of Fealty during the Installation of HRE Charles VI as Duke of Steyer, Steyer 6 July 1728, from Georg von Deyerlsperg, Erb-Huldigung... Graz 1740. pl. 12. engraving. Court figures blow two 1-1/2 circle open hooped horns (held with both hands, bells pointing backwards), and two tiny horns (players with hands on hips, like trumpeters -- Bowles calls them trumpeters. (Bowles 1989, fig. 212, 212a [detail])

[CI Vienna 1705] Christian Engelbrecht (1674-1748) and Johann Andreas Pfeffel (1672-1735) after Johann Cyriak Hackhofer (1675-1731). The Imperial banquet table in the Ritter Stuben, during the ceremonies of oaths and allegiances to Emperor Joseph I as Archduke of Austria, Vienna, 8 November 1705, from Johann Baptist Mairn von Mairsfeld, Beschreibung was auf Ableiben weyland Ihrer Keyserl. Majestät Josephi ... Vienna 1712. engraving. The little orchestra in the gallery includes two trumpeters. (D. Altenburg. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Trompete im Zeitalter der Clarinblaskunst [1500-1800]. Regensburg 1973. vol. 3, fig. 25; Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 192 [detail of the left half of the engraving], 192 a [good detail of the musicians], as allegiances to Emperor Charles VI; W. Braun. Die Musik des 17. Jahrhunderts. Wiesbaden 1981. [NHMw] p. 45, as Erbhuldigung for Emperor Josef I, and notes that the director is the court Kapellmeister Antonio Pancotti)

[Meytens Pa] Meytens (Meyten, Mytens), Martin van (1695-1770), and Workshop. Banquet for the Wedding of Joseph II of Austria and Princess Isabella of Parma, 1760. Vienna KH. The banquet is accompanied by members of the court orchestra, including at least two trumpeters (the instruments seem rather small). (van Dijck-Koopman. p. not recorded; Early Music 9 [1981] 290 [whole composition, useless], July front cover [fine color detail, including two trumpeters])

Church Music: [BI Leipzig 1710] Title engraving of Unfehlbare Engel-Freude oder Geistliches Gesangbuch. Leipzig 1710. engraving. Depicts musicians of the Thomaskirche, with a small orchestra, including two trumpeters. (R. Haas. Die Musik des Barock. Potsdam 1928. p. 273 [poor reproduction]; Kinsky p. 255 [poor reproduction]; Komma p. 162 [poor reproduction])

[CI Augsburg 1690] Philipp Neuss (prob. 1665-1705) after Johann Weidner (m.1706). Performance of the Te Deum in the Augsburg Dom during the coronation ceremonies for Emperor Joseph I, 14 January 1690, from Johann Friedrich Wieland, Der Hoch-beehrte Augsburg ... Augsburg 1690. pl. between cols. 1150 and 1153. engraving. Includes players of twenty-four trumpets and six pairs of kettledrums. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. pl. 172; Hollstein (German) XXX, no. 9b, p. 80)

[CI Dresden 1719] Various artists. Celebration of a Te Deum in the Royal Chapel at Dresden following the marriage in Vienna of Prince Friedrich August of Saxony and Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria, 3 September 1719, from Relation de l'inauguration solemnelle ... Ghent 1719. engraving. In balconies left and right, each five trumpeters and a kettledrummer (a single drum, hanging over the railing). (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 200, 200a [detail of the group at the right])

[CI Frankfurt am Main 1711] Meyer, Wilhelm C. Coronation of Emperor Charles VI in the Dom, Frankfurt am Main, 22 December, 1711, from Vollständiges Diarium ... Frankfurt am Main 1712. etching. The accompanying musicians include ca. five trumpeters and a kettledrummer. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 196; MGG IV Taf. 31/2 [small reproduction])

[CI Königsberg 1701] Johann Friedrich Wentzel (1670-1729) after Johann Wolfgang (1662-1744). The coronation of Elector Friedrich III as King of Prussia in the court chapel, Königsberg, 18 January 1701, from Johann von Besser, Preussische Kronungs-Geschichte ... Cölln an der Spree 1712. etching. Includes trumpeters and kettledrummers. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 190)

[CI Salzburg 1682] Küsel (Küssel), Melchior (1622-1683). Festive musical performance in the Dom, Salzburg, 1682. engraving. The musicians are placed in galleries in the four corners of the transept and include two pairs of trumpeters (not playing). (Naylor Trumpet and Trombone. no. 40 [fair reproduction]; Salmen Katalog. pl. 87; MgB IV/2, p. 33 [ok reproduction]; MGG IV, Taf. 5 [fair reproduction])

[CI Vienna 1705] Christian Engelbrecht (1674-1748) and Johann Andreas Pfeffel (1672-1735) after Johann Cyriak Hackhofer (1675-1731). Service in the Stefansdom, during the ceremonies of oaths and allegiances to Emperor Charles VI as Archduke of Austria, Vienna, 8 November 1705, from Johann Baptist Mairn von Mairsfeld, Beschreibung was auf Ableiben weyland Ihrer Keyserl. Majestät Josephi ... Vienna 1712. engraving. There are at least three trumpeters in the gallery at the left. unimp. (Bowles Musical Ensembles. fig. 191)

[Bergmüller Fr] Bergmüller, Johann Georg (1688-1765). The Refounding of the Monastery in 1132 (1736-39). Diessen, Priory Church. fresco. Includes two groups, each with two trumpeters and a kettledrummer (one a black). (H. R. Hitchcock. Rococo Architecture in South Germany. London 1968. fig. 183; H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 105 [fair reproduction])

[Lindner Pr] Lindner, Elias (doc.1721-1728). Design for the prospect of the organ for the Dom in Freiberg. engraving. Depicts the choir and orchestra in the organ loft, including two trumpeters. (U. Dähnert. Die Orgeln Gottfried Silbermanns in Mitteldeutschland. Leipzig 1953. [Forschungen zur Sachsischen Kustgeschichte, 2] p. 31)

Concerts with Orchestras: S [Ms art market] Koch, Georg Anton (1685-1757). Concert in the Barocksaal of the "Römer," Frankfurt am Main (1728). Frankfurt art market (1938). gouache miniature [from a Stammbuch?]. The orchestra includes two trumpeters (no music). (sale, Hahn, Frankfurt am Main, 28-29.VI.1938 [tiny reproduction])

[CI Munich ca.1715] Johann August Corvinus (1683-1738) and Jeremias Wolff (1663 [1673?]-1724) after Mathias Diesel (doc.1706-m.1752). Concert in the Studentenkongregationssaal (later Bürgersaal), Munich, ca.1715. engraving. With an orchestra, including five trumpeters. (Kinsky p. 251 [poor reproduction]; N. Lieb and H. J. Sauermost. Münchens Kirchen. Munich 1973. p. 131, as ca. 1730; MGG I, Taf. LIV)

Inn Interiors: [Engelbrecht Pr] Engelbrecht, Martin (1684-1756). Soldiers and Dancing Couple in an Inn (?). engraving. One soldier plays a trumpet (miserably depicted), another tunes a lute. A third raises his glass and fires off a pistol. (MgB IV/3, p. 79 [fine reproduction])

Instrument Builders/Repair Workshops: [Weigel Pr] Weigel, Johann Christoph (1661-1726). Der Trompetenmacher, from Abbildung der gemein-nützlichen Hauptstände. Regensburg 1698. engraving. The trumpet maker is shaping a trumpet bell on a mandrel. (D. Altenburg. Untersuchunger zur Geschichte der Trompete im Zeitalter der Clarinblaskunst [1500-1800]. Regensburg 1973. [Kölner Beiträge zur Musikforschung, 75] vol. III, Abb. 22 [ok reproduction]; Brüchle and Janetzky 1976. p. 146 [fine reproduction]; Hiller 1985, p. 17 [fine reproduction]; Naylor no. 84 [fine reproduction]; MGG vol. 6, Taf.32/9)

Operatic/Theatrical Scenes: See also Allegory, Fame.

[CI Nuremberg 1680] Various artists. Battle on a Stage, from Georg Tzschimmer, Die Durchläuchtigste Zusammenkunfft ... Nuremberg 1680. engraving. On clouds above, left, ca. seven trumpeters and a kettledrummer. On clouds above, right, ca. six trumpeters and a kettledrummer (beating the drums with hammers!). On stage, each right and left, a flute player/fifer and a drummer. (Naylor Trumpet and Trombone. no. 86)

Other: [CI Vienna 1718] Anton Joseph Prener (1683-1743) after Franz Ambros Dietell (1682-1737). "Ziehung der Magistratslotterie im grossen Saal der Mehlgrube." pub. Vienna, van Ghelen, 1718. engraving. A lottery drawing accompanied by six trumpeters and a kettledrummer (drums on the floor). (Salmen Katalog. p. 95 [small reproduction])

[Meytens School Pa] Meytens (Meyten, Mytens), Martin van (1695-1770), School. Damenkarussell with Trumpeters in the Spanish Reitschule. Vienna KH. Includes four (?) court trumpeters (small detail) playing from a gallery. (Salmen Katalog. pl. 74 [detail -- still not very helpful], as 1743; MgB IV/4, p. 172)

XV: Miscellaneous Figures

Angels: See also New Testament, Last Judgement; Allegory, Fame; Scenes of Everyday Life--Outdoor, Tournaments.

[CI Augsburg 1729] Anon. Altar, from decorations for a festival, Augsburg 1729. engraving. Includes an angel with a straight trumpet above the altar. unimp. (Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Künste 29 [1978] 179)

[CI Vienna 1705] Christian Engelbrecht (1674-1748) and Johann Andreas Pfeffel (1672-1735) after Antonio Beduzzi (1675-1735). Castrum doloris for Emperor Leopold I in the Michaelerkirche, 1705. engraving. Includes an angel, torch in hand, playing a straight trumpet. (Alte und moderne Kunst 24/165 [1979] 37)

[Wsc Altusried Pfarrkirche] Neher? Workshop. Angels (1712). Altusried, Pfarrkirche, pulpit. wood sculpture. Three angels play straight trumpets. (A. Kasper. Kunstwanderungen kreuz und quer der Illen. Schussenried 1967. p. 39 [useless reproduction])

[organ Basedow] Herbst, Heinrich (builder). Organ prospect (1680). Basedow, Church. wood sculpture. At least one or two angels have straight trumpets. (H. Ende. Dorfkirchen in Mecklenburg. Berlin 1975. unnumbered page [poor reproduction]; W. Haacke. Orgeln. Königstein im Taunus n.d. p. 26 [detail of the Rückpositiv]; S. Holtz. Kirchen auf dam Lande. Die Dorfkirchen von Mecklenburg. Berlin 1965. pl. 146 [poor reproduction])

[organ Berlin Marienkirche] Wagner, Joachim (1690/91-1749) (builder). Organ prospect (1721). Berlin, Marienkirche. wood sculpture. Two angels near the top play straight trumpets. (W. Volk. Historische Strassen und Plätze heute: Berlin ... 4/Berlin 1974. p. 233 [useless reproduction])

[Wsc Berlin Marienkirche] Schlüter, Andreas (ca.1660-1714) and assistants. Angel. Berlin, Marienkirche, pulpit. wood sculpture. There are four (?) angels with straight trumpets on top of the pulpit. (H. Mayer. Deutsche Barockkanzeln. Strasbourg 1932. [Sdk 287] pl. VIIa, as 1703; P. O. Rave. Berlin. Munich 1960. p. not recorded, as 1702-03; H. Reuthen. Barock in Berlin. Berlin 1969. p. 102 [unhelpful reproduction]; Deutsche Kunstdenkmäler. Ein Bildhandbuch. Mark Brandenburg und Berlin. Darmstadt 1971. p. 259)

[organ Beutelsbach] Herzer, Johann Christoph (builder). Organ prospect (1726). Beutelsbach, Church. wood sculpture. There is a single, centered angel, blowing a straight trumpet. (G. Kleemann. Die Orgelmacher und ihr Schaffen im ehemaligen Herzogtum Württemberg. Stuttgart 1969. p. 43)

[Wsc Bippen] Anon, 1696. Angels. Bippen, Kirche. wood sculpture. Two angels on top of the altar have straight trumpets. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Provinz Hannover, IV/3: Kreis Wittlage und Bersenbrück. Hannover 1915. p. not recorded)

[Sc Blumberg] Anon. Epitaph for Philipp Ludwig Freiherr von Canstein (1708). sculpture. An angel (holding a crown) plays a straight trumpet. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Provinz Brandenburg III/4: Kreis Niederbarnim. Berlin 1939. p. 295 [plaster copy of a badly damaged original in Berlin, Märkischen Museum])

[organ Breslau Maria-Magdalenen-Kirche] Röder, Johann Michael (fl. 1713-1745) (builder). Organ prospect (1725). Wroc_ow/Breslau, Maria-Magdalenen-Kirche. wood sculpture. Includes an angel (above the decorative sunburst below the central window) with a straight trumpet. (MGG XI, Taf. 24/2)

[organ Bruck an der Leitha Hl Dreifaltigkeit] Sippus, Jakob, attr. (builder). Organ (1710). Bruck an der Leitha, Hl. Dreifaltigkeit. wood sculpture. Includes two angels on the pedal towers holding straight trumpets. (A. Forer. Orgeln in Österreich. Vienna and Munich 1973. p. 77 [ok reproduction])

[Wsc Buggenhofen] Bschorer, Georg. Angel (1729). Buggenhofen, Wallfahrtskirche, pulpit. wood sculpture. The angel plays a straight trumpet. (Die Kunstdenkmäler ... Bayern, VII/7: Landkreis Dillingen a.d. Donau. Munich 1972. p. 174)

[Wsc Burgheim] Anon., ca. 1700. Angel. Burgheim, Kath. Pfarrkirche, pulpit. wood sculpture. The angel plays a straight trumpet. (Die Kunstdenkmäler ... Bayern, VII/5: Neuburg a.d. Donau. Munich. p. 436)

[organ Clauen] Anon. Organ prospect. Clauen, Church. wood sculpture. Angels play harp, lute, flute, two straight trumpets and one more musical instrument. The church was built in 1796. The organ was built in 1725 and was formerly in the Schlosskirche, Wolfenbüttel. (E. Witt. Alte Kirchenräume in Dörfern und Flecken Niedersachsens. Hannover 1971. p. 160)

[Sc Damp] Brenno, Carlo Enrico (ca.1680-1745), attr. Angels (?). Damp in Schwansen, Herrenhaus, Halle. stucco (high relief). One of the numerous musical figures (sort of an angel) plays a trumpet. There is also a splendid organ. The whole is a wonderful example of a musical space. (D. Ellger. Schleswig-Holstein. Munich 1956. [Deutsche Lande Deutsche Kunste] pl. 87; _______. 3/1974. pl. 97, with dates ca. 1698-1721; Deutsche Kunstdenkmäler. Ein Bildhandbuch: Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein. Darmstadt 1961. p. 80 [detail of the figures with two recorders and trumpet]; Die Kunstdenkmäler des Landes Schleswig-Holstein, 5: Kreis Eckernförde. Munich, Berlin, 1950. figs. 131 [trumpet, view of the organ], 134 [two recorders, harp], 135 [trumpet, conductor (?)])

[organ Fulda Dom] Öhninger, Adam (builder). Organ prospect (1708-1713). Fulda, Dom, Grosse Orgel. wood sculpture. Two angels flanking the Rückpositiv hold trumpets but their hands are in position to hold something else. An angel on the organ holds, in playing position, a slightly curved/bent straight trumpet. (G. Rehm. Die Orgeln der Stadt Fulda. Wolfenbüttel 1970. [Norddeutsche Orgeln, 6] p. 11 [fair reproduction])

[organ Gdansk/Danzig S. Trinitatis] Anon. Organ prospect (1703). Gdansk/Danzig, S. Trinitatis. wood sculpture. Includes (on top) at least one angel with two curvy (they're sort of bent) trumpets (one played, one held). (W. Drost and F. Swoboda. Kunstdenkmäler der Stadt Danzig, 5: S. Trinitatis ... Stuttgart 1972. [Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des deutschen Ostens A.4] pl. 15 [view of the right half of the prospect])

[Wsc Gdansk/Danzig S Trinitatis] Stein, Christoph. Angel (1721). Gdansk/Danzig, S. Trinitatis, Annen-Kapelle, pulpit. wood sculpture. The angel, atop the pulpit canopy, plays a straight trumpet. (W. Drost and F. Swoboda. Kunstdenkmäler der Stadt Danzig, 5: S. Trinitatis ... Stuttgart 1972. [Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des deutschen Ostens, A.5] pl. 58)

[Sc Dinslaken ev Pfarrkirche] Anon., early 18th century. Angel. Dinslaken, ev. Pfarrkirche, weather vane on top of the roof. sculpture. The angel blows a straight trumpet. (Die Denkmäler des Rheinlands, 14: Kr. Dinslaken. Düsseldorf 1968. fig. 51)

[organ Domslau] Anon., ca.1720/25. Organ prospect. Domslau, ev. Kirche. wood sculpture. Angels play cello and lute and two straight trumpets (and more?). Putti play trombone and straight trumpet (and more). It's a real eighteenth-century angel concert. A little organ but swarming with musical angels. (K. Degen. Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Landkreises Breslau. Frankfurt am Main 1965. p. 506, fig. 169 [detail of most of the right side], p. 506, fig. 170 [distant view of the whole prospect])

[organ Essenrode] Anon, late-17th/early 18th century. Organ prospect. Essenrode, Church. wood sculpture. Includes a dramatic angel with a straight trumpet. The prospect seems assembled from miscellaneous parts. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Provinz Hannover, III/4: Kreis Gifhorn. Hannover 1931. p. 55)

[organ Frauenberg bei Admont] Anon.? ca.1680-85?. Organ Prospect. Frauenberg bei Admont, Wallfahrtskirche. wood sculpture. Includes an angel blowing a trumpet. (A. Forer. Orgeln in Österreich. Vienna and Munich 1973. no. 93, p. 225 [ok color reproduction]; B. Sonnaillon. King of Instruments, A History of the Organ. Transl. S. Spencer. New York 1985. p. 128 [small, unhelpful reproduction], as ca. 1680-85)

[organ Freiberg Dom] Silbermann, Gottfried (1683-1753) (builder) and Johan Adam Georgi (figures of the prospect). Organ prospect (organ built 1710-1714). Freiberg, Dom/St. Marien. wood sculpture. Includes two angels with straight trumpets. (U. Dähnert. Historische Orgeln in Sachsen. Leipzig 1980. pl. 21, as 1714, Bildhauerarbeit by Johann Adam Georgi [p.106]; U. Dähnert. Die Orgeln Gottfried Silbermanns in Mitteldeutschland. Leipzig 1953. [Forschungen zur Sachsischen Kustgeschichte, 2] p. 15; E. Löffler. Die Stadtkirchen in Sachsen. Berlin 1973. p. 111; B. Sonnaillon. King of Instruments -- A History of the Organ. Transl. S. Spencer. New York 1985. fig. 42 [fair reproduction]; MGG IV, Taf. 37/1&2) Note also Elias Lindner (doc.1721-1728), Design for the prospect of the organ for the Dom in Freiberg. engraving. Includes two angels with straight trumpets on the pedal towers. (U. Dähnert. Die Orgeln Gottfried Silbermanns in Mitteldeutschland. p. 31)

[Sc Freudenthal] Grünewald, B. Epitaph for Hofmarschall Friedrich von Forstner (m.1687). Freudenthal, Church. sculpture. An angel surmounts it, playing a straight trumpet. (W. Fleischhauer. Barock im Herzogtum Württemberg. Stuttgart 1958. fig. 44)

[Wsc Friedland Marienkirche] Anon., 1725. Life and Death (Last Judgement). Friedland, Marienkirche, Orgelbrustung (originally part of the Uhrwerk). wood sculpture. An angel holds (?) a straight trumpet and tolls a bell. (Kunst- und Geschichts-Denkmäler des Freistaates Mecklenburg-Strelitz, I/2: Das Land Stargard. Neubrandenburg 1921. p. 349)

[Wsc Goch] Anon, 1683. Angels. Goch, kath. Pfarrkirche St. Maria Magdalena, pulpit. wood sculpture. Two angels beneath the canopy -- they sort of hold it up -- play straight trumpets. It was smashed in 1945 and then put together again. (Die Denkmäler des Rheinlandes: Kr. Kleve 1. Altkalkar-Huisberden. Ed. H. P. Hilger. Düsseldorf 1964. fig. 116)

[organ Görlitz Peter-Paulskirche] Casparini, Eugen (Eugenio) (1623-1706) and Adam Horatio Casparini (1676-1745) (builders) and Johannes Conrad Buchau (doc.1689-1709) (prospect). Organ prospect. Görlitz, ev. Peter-Paulskirche. wood sculpture. Includes several angels playing or holding straight trumpets, holding a violin and playing a straight trumpet, holding a tenor viol or small cello and playing a straight trumpet, holding a trumpet and playing a straight trumpet and holding a trombone and playing a straight trumpet. (L. Burgemeister. Der Orgelbau in Schlesien. Strasbourg 1925. [SdK, 230] pl. VI [useless reproduction], as 1697; U. Dähnert. Historische Orgeln in Sachsen. Leipzig 1980. pl. 26 [ok reproduction but not helpful for details], pl. 27 [detail], as 1703; E. Löffler. Die Stadtkirchen in Sachsen. Berlin 1973. p. 161 [poor reproduction], with prospect dated 1703; B. Sonnaillon. King of Instruments, A History of the Organ. Transl. S. Spencer. New York 1985. p. 98)

[organ Grüssau Josephskirche] Anon. Organ prospect (1695). Grüssau, Kath. Josephskirche. wood sculpture. Angels play viol (plucked), lute, and two straight trumpets. (L. Burgemeister. Der Orgelbau in Schlesien. Strasbourg 1925. [SdK, 230] pl. VIII [poor reproduction])

[Wsc Grüssau, Marienkirche] Anon. (Silesian, from the workshop of the cloister), first half, 18th century. Angel. Grüssau, Marienkirche, choir stall. wood sculpture. The angel has one or two straight trumpets. (G. Grundmann. Barocke Kirchen und Klöster in Schlesien. 2/Munich 191. p. 179, as workshop of Anton Dorasil (Antonin Dorazil) (ca.1698-1759?) and Marianus Lachel, partly after designs by Maximilian Brokoff [1688-1731]; G. Grundmann and W. Schadendorf. Schlesien. Berlin 1962. fig. 142 [distant view, not helpful])

[organ Hamburg St Jakob] Schnitger, Arp (1648-1719) (builder). Organ prospect (1688-1693). Hamburg, St. Jakob. wood sculpture. Two prominent angels play straight trumpets. King David plays a harp. (W. Haacke. Orgeln. Königstein im Taunus n.d. p. 27; _______. Orgeln in aller Welt. Königstein im Taunus 1965. p. 64; Komma p. 146 [poor reproduction]; MGG V, col. 1397-8 [fair reproduction])

[organ Heiligenkreuz] Römer, Ferdinand Josef and Johann Ulrich (builders). Organ prospect (1721). Heiligenkreuz, Zisterzienserstift. wood sculpture. Includes two angels on the pedal towers blowing straight trumpets. (A. Forer. Orgeln in Österreich. Vienna and Munich 1973. p. 111 [ok color reproduction])

[Wsc Helpt] Anon., 1720. Angel. Helpt, Kirche. wood sculpture. An angel on top of the altar has a straight trumpet. wood sculpture. (G. Fruger-Haye, ed. Kunst- und Geschichts-Denkmäler des Freistaates Mecklenburg-Strelitz, I/2: Das Land Stargard. Neubrandenburg. p. 268 [fuzzy reproduction])

[Wsc Hergensweiler St Ambrosius] Anon. Angel (1712). Hergensweiler, Kath. Pfarrkirche St. Ambrosius, pulpit. wood sculpture. The angel blows a straight trumpet. (Die Kunstdenkmäker ... Bayern, VII/4: Lindau [Bodensee]. Munich 1954. p. not recorded)

[organ Hirschberg Gnadenkirche] Anon. Organ prospect. Hirschberg, ev. Gnadenkirche. wood sculpture. Includes two angels with straight trumpets. (L. Burgemeister. Der Orgelbau in Schlesien. Strasbourg 1925. [SdK 230] pl. XV [poor reproduction], as 1724-29; G. Grundmann. Der evangelische Kirchenbau in Schlesien. Frankfurt am Main 1970. fig. 61, also an anonymous engraving of the organ prospect, fig. 60; _______. Kunstwanderungen in Schlesien. 1966. p. 75; G. Grundmann and W. Schadendorf. Schlesien. Munich-Pasing 1962. fig. 163 [distant view], as commissioned 1729)

[Wsc Hohennauen] Anon. Epitaph for Gebhardt Christoph von Rauchhaupt (a Danish-Norwegian Major, m. 1708). Hohennauen, Church. gilded wood frame around a portrait. It is surmounted by an angel playing a straight trumpet. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Provinz Brandenburg, I/3: Ruppin. Berlin 1914. p. 55)

[Wsc Innsbruck St. Jakob] Moll, Nikolaus (1676-1754). Angel. Innsbruck, Stadtpfarrkirche St. Jakob, pulpit. wood sculpture. The angel on the pulpit canopy plays a trumpet. Dramatic. (H. Hammer. Kunstgeschichte der Stadt Innsbruck. Innsbruck 1952. p. 299, as completed in 1730; R. Hootz. Kunstdenkmäler in Oesterreich ... I: Salzburg-Tirol-Vorarlberg. Munich, Berlin, 1965. p. 77, as 1724; F. Sedlmayr. Österreichische Barockarchitektur 1690-1740. Vienna 1930. fig. 47 [poor reproduction])

[organ Karden] Anon. Organ prospect (1724). Karden an der Mosel, ehem Stiftskirche St. Kastor. wood sculpture. Includes at least one angel playing a straight trumpet. (W. Jung. Karden an der Mosel, ehem. Stiftskirshe St. Kastor. Neuss 1960. p. not recorded [distant view], as 1728; Deutsche Kunstdenkmäler. Ein Bildhandbuch. Rheinland-Pfalz-Saar. Darmstadt 1958. p. 61)

[organ ex Königsberg Dom] Mosengel, Josua (builder). Organ prospect (1723). ex Königsberg, Dom (destroyed in 1945). wood sculpture. Angels play two trumpets and two trombones. (W. Haacke. Orgeln. Königstein im Taunus n.d. p. 31 [not good for details -- it was an enormous organ])

[Wsc Lamspringe] Lessen, Jobst Heinrich d. J. (doc.1696-1720). Angel (1701). Lamspringe, Klosterkirche, pulpit. wood sculpture. The angel, atop the pulpit, blows a curved, looped trumpet. (F. Bleibaum. Bildschnitzerfamilien der hannoverschen und hildesheimschen Barock. Strasbourg 1924. [SdK, 227] pl. XV [fair reproduction])

[organ Kamienna Gora/Landeshut Gnadenkirche] Mentzel, Ignatius (builder). Organ prospect (1724). Kamienna Gora/Landeshut, ev. Gnadenkirche. wood sculpture. Four angels play straight trumpets. (L. Burgemeister. Der Orgelbau in Schlesien. Strasbourg 1925. [SdK, 230] pl. XII; W. Haacke. Orgeln in aller Welt. Königstein im Taunus 1965. p. 76, as 1724-1729) Rebuilt in 1882.

[Wsc Landeshut Gnadenkirche] Anon., 18th century (the church was built 1709-1717, the pulpit commissioned ca. 1723). Angels. Kamienna Gora/Landeshut, ev. Gnadenkirche, pulpit. An angel, sitting on the pulpit canopy, plays a long, slender straight trumpet and gestures with its other hand. Another, also with a straight trumpet, is at the foot of the pulpit steps. (G. Grundmann. Der evangelische Kirchenbau in Schlesien. Frankfurt am Main 1970. fig. 67. Notes that the sculptor is unknown.; _______. Kunstwanderungen in Schlesien. Munich-Pasing 1966. p. 167; _______. Schlesische Barockkirchen und Klöster. Lindau 1958. p. 229; G. Grundmann and W. Schadendorf. Schlesien. Berlin 1962. fig. 162 [fair reproduction])

[Wsc Landsberg am Lech] Weidner, Jakob David (builder). Organ prospect (1688). Landsberg am Lech, Stadtpfarrkirche. wood sculpture. Includes two angels flanking the organ blowing trumpets. They're not exactly part of the organ prospect. (G. Brenninger. Orgeln in Altbayern. Munich 1978. p. 40 [ok color reproduction])

[Sc Leipzig Paulinerkirche] Anon. Epitaph for G. T. Schwendendörffer (1685). Leipzig, Paulinerkirche. sculpture. An angel on top holds a straight trumpet. A fancy one. (Beschreibende Darstellung der älteren Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Königreichs Sachsen, 17: Leipzig. Dresden 1895. Taf. XXIV/5)

[Wsc Linn St. Margareten] Anon., late 17th century. Angels. Linn, St. Margareten (ex Blatzheim). wood sculpture. Two angels on the altar have straight trumpets. (Die Denkmäler des Rheinlands, 13: Krefeld 2. Düsseldorf 1967. fig. 144)

[organ ex Lübeck Dom] Schnitger, Arp (1648-1719) (builder), Johann Jakob Budde (prospect). Organ prospect (1696-99). ex Lübeck, Dom (destroyed in 1942). wood sculpture. Includes three angels with straight trumpets. (J. Baltzer and F. Bruns. Die Kirche zu Alt-Lübeck. Der Dom. Lübeck 1919. [Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler der Freien und Hansestadt Lübeck, III/1] p. 166 [useless reproduction]; G. Fock. Arp Schnitger und seine Schule ... Kassel 1974. fig. 20; MGG XI, Taf. 96/1 [not useful for details])

[organ ex Lübeck Marienkirche] Anon. Organ prospect. ex Lübeck, Marienkirche, large organ (destroyed in 1942). wood sculpture. Includes two angels with trumpets. The organ dates from 1516-18, but the trumpeting angels were probably from the renovation of 1705. (W. Haacke. Orgeln. Königstein im Taunus n.d.. p. 12; F. Hirsch. [Lübeck] Petrikirche, Marienkirche ... Lübeck 1906. [Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler ... Lübeck, II] opp. p. 243)

[Sc Lübeck Marienkirche] Anon. Epitaph of Ratsherr Hartwich von Stiten and his Family (1699). Lübeck, Marienkirche. sculpture. Includes an angel with a straight trumpet. (F. Hirsch. [Lübeck] Petrikirche, Marienkirche ... Lübeck 1906. [Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler ... Lübeck, II] p. 369 [fuzzy reproduction])

[Sc Lübeck Marienkirche] Anon. Epitaph of Ratsherr Hermann Focke (1703). Lübeck, Marienkirche. sculpture. Includes an angel with a straight trumpet (broken off). (F. Hirsch. [Lübeck] Petrikirche, Marienkirche ... Lübeck 1906. [Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler ... Lübeck, II] p. 373)

[Sc Lübeck Marienkirche] Anon. Epitaph of Ratsherr Adolf Bruning (1706). Lübeck, Marienkirche. sculpture. Includes a tumbling angel holding two straight trumpets (or a straight trumpet and a torch). (F. Hirsch. [Lübeck] Petrikirche, Marienkirche ... Lübeck 1906. [Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler ... Lübeck, II] p. 374)

[organ Lübeck St Aegidien] Scherer, Hans d. J. (fl. ca. 1600-1631) (builder), Johann Valentin Rabe (doc.1715-1742) (angels). Organ prospect. Lübeck, St. Aegidien. wood sculpture. Includes two flanking angels with straight trumpets. The organ dates from 1624-25, the angels from 1715. (J. Baltzer and F. Bruns. [Lübeck] Jakobikirche. Ägidienkirche. Lübeck 1921. [Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler ... Lübeck, 3] p. 499 [useless reproduction]; J. E. Blanton. The Organ in Church Design. Albany TX 1957. p. 174 [poor reproduction]; A. B. Enns. Lübeck. A Guide ... Lübeck 2/1970. p. 73 [detail of one of the angels]; Führer zu grossen Baudenkmälern, no. 253: Agidienkirche Lübeck. Berlin 1971. p. not recorded) Drawing of the organ by A. G. Hill. (MGG I, cols. 1281-82)

[organ Lüneburg Johanniskirche] Niehoff, Hendrik/Heinrich (ca.1495-1560) and Jaspar Johannsen (m.1558) (builders), Matthias Tropa/Dropa (prospect). Organ prospect. Lüneburg, Johanniskirche. wood sculpture. There seems to be an angel with a straight trumpet atop one of the pedal towers (which date from the prospect by Matthias Tropa of 1712-14). The organ dates originally from 1551-53. (W. Haacke. Orgeln in aller Welt. Königstein im Taunus 1965. p. 23; W. Stubbe. Kirchen in Lüneburg. Königstein im Taunus n.d. pl. 23; J. Matthaei. Lüneburg. Munich 2/1965. [Deutsche Land Deutsche Kunst] pl. 51 [poor reproduction])

[organ ex Mainz St Emmeran] Dahm, Johann Jakob (doc. 1682-m.1727), attr. (builder). Organ prospect (1719-1722). ex Mainz, St. Emmeran (church destroyed in 1945). wood sculpture. Includes two angels with straight trumpets on the pedal towers. (Die Kunstdenkmäler von Rheinland-Pfalz, IV/1: Stadt Mainz. [Munich?] 1961. p. 239 [fuzzy reproduction])

[organ Mariastern] Anon., early 18th century. Angels from an organ prospect. Mariastern, Klosterkirche (now in the vestibule). wood sculpture. The two have straight trumpets. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz, 38: Kanton Solothurn III. Basel 1957. wood sculpture. p. 380)

[Sc Melk] Mattieli, Lorenzo (ca.1685-1748). Angel. Melk, Stift, Stiegenhaus, niche. sculpture. The angel holds a straight trumpet. (W. Hotz. Melk und die Wachau. Berlin 1938. p. 58, as 1714/1717)

[organ Miltenberg Franziskanerkirche] Öhniger, P. Adam (builder). Organ prospect (1681). Miltenberg, Franziskanerkirche. wood sculpture. The organ is flanked by two angels with straight trumpets. (Die Kunstdenkmäler des Königreichs Bayern, III:/17: Miltenberg. Munich 1917. p. 240 [poor reproduction])

[Wsc Monheim] Anon., ca. 1700. Angel. Monheim, kath. Stadtpfarrkirche St. Walburga, pulpit. wood sculpture. The angel has a straight trumpet. (Die Kunstdenkmäler ... Bayern, VII/3: Donauwörth. Munich 1951. p. 436 [useless reproduction], 439 [closer but not much better])

[Sc Muri] Moser, Franz (1747-p.1788). Angel. Muri, Klosterkirche, cupola (exterior). sculpture. The angel balances on one foot on a sphere atop the cupola and blows a straight trumpet (with a huge bell). (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz, 55: Kanton Aargau V. Basel 1967. p. 257, as 1695. Also the architect's drawings, pp. 245, 255. The architect was Giovanni Battista Bettini [op. late 17th-early 18th century])

[organ Neustift bei Freising] Weber, Quirin (prospect). Organ prospect. Neustift bei Freising. wood sculpture. Has several musical angels including two playing trumpets (currently with crimson banners). (G. Brenninger. Orgeln in Altbayern. Munich 1978. p. 72 [color reproduction])

[Wsc Obermedlingen] Zündter/Zinder, Valentin. Pulpit (ca.1720-30). Obermedlingen, ehem. Klosterkirche, kath. Pfarrkirche Mariä Himmelfahrt, pulpit. wood sculpture. There is a Last Judgement angel atop the pulpit canopy, straight trumpet in one hand, the tablets of the Ten Commandments in the other. (Die Kunstdenkmäler ... Bayern, VII/7: Landkr. Dillingen a. d. Donau. Munich 1972. p. 805)

[organ Ochsenhausen] Gabler, Joseph (1700-1771). Organ prospect. Ochsenhausen, Benediktinerabteikirche. wood sculpture. Several musical angels, including two playing trumpets. (B. Sonnaillon. King of Instruments, A History of the Organ. Transl. S. Spencer. New York 1985. p. 104 [ok color reproduction], as 1729-33)

[organ Offenstetten bei Kelheim] Anon. (?), first half, 18th century. Organ prospect. Offenstetten bei Kelheim, Kirche. wood sculpture. A small organ with two rather inconspicuous angels brandishing trumpets. (G. Brenninger. Orgeln in Altbayern. Munich 1978. p. 94)

[organ Pöllauberg] Anon. Organ prospect (1684). Pöllauberg, Wallfahrtskirche Mariä Geburt auf dem Pöllauberg. wood sculpture. Surmounted by a single musical angel blowing a straight trumpet. It's not a fancy organ, but the angel is surely prominent. (A. Forer. Orgeln in Österreich. Vienna and Munich 1973. p. 218 [ok reproduction])

[Wsc Prienbach St Stephan] Anon. Pulpit (ca.1680). Prienbach, Pfarrkirche St. Stephan, pulpit. wood sculpture. Includes an angel with a straight trumpet on the canopy. (Die Kunstdenkmäler des Königreichs Bayern, V/10: Pfarrkirchen. Munich 1923. p. 180)

[Wsc Priepert] Anon., 1719. Angel. Priepert, Kirche. wood sculpture. The angel has a palm leaf and a straight trumpet. (Kunst- und Geschichts-Denkmäler des Freistaates Mecklenburg-Strelitz, I/2: Das Land Stargard. Neubrandenburg. opp. p. 78)

[organ Rheinau] Leu, Christoph (builder). Organ prospect (1713-1717). Rheinau, Klosterkirche. wood sculpture. Includes two angels playing straight trumpets (?). (W. Hardmeyer. Orgelbaukunst in der Schweiz. 4/Zurich n.d. p. 10; F. Jakob. Der Orgelbau im Kanton Zürich. Bern 1971. Abb. 43)

[Wsc Rostock Markenkirche] Anon. Pulpit (1723). Rostock, Marienkirche, pulpit. wood sculpture. Includes an angel with a straight trumpet on the pulpit canopy. The pulpit itself is by Rudolf Stockmann, 1574. (R. Sedlmaier. Rostock. Berlin 1931. [Deutsche Lande Deutsche Kunste] pll. 15 [distant view], 52 [detail -- actually the distant view is clearer]; Deutsche Kunstdenkmäler. Ein Bildhandbuch. Mecklenburg. Darmstadt 1971. pp. 211, 217)

[organ ex Rüsselsheim] Anon. Organ (ca.1715). ex Rüsselheim (previously in the Karmelitenkirche, Mainz) (destroyed). wood sculpture. Includes two angels on the pedal towers blowing trumpets. (F. Bösken. Quellen und Forschungen zur Orgelgeschichte des Mittelrheins. Mainz 1967. [Beiträge zur mittelrheinischen Musikgeschichte, 6] unnumb pl. between pp. 516 and 517, vol. 1)

[Sc Saar (Moravia) former lower cemetery of the cloister] Anon. (German sculptor). Angel. Saar (Moravia) former lower cemetery of the cloister. sculpture. The statue of the angel with a straight trumpet stands in the middle of the cemetary. (H. G. Franz. Die deutsche Barockbaukunst Mährens. Munich 1943. pl. 37)

[organ Salzgitter-Ringelheim, ehem. Abteikirche] Anon. Organ prospect (ca.1700). Salzgitter-Ringelheim, ehem. Benediktiner-Abteikirche. wood sculpture. Includes four (?) angels with straight trumpets. (H. Reuther. Land am Harz. Munich 1966. [Deutsche Land Deutsche Kunst] fig. 29 [fair reproduction])

[organ St Erhard] Schwarz, Andreas (builder). Organ prospect (1722). St. Erhard in der Breitenau, Pfarrkirche. wood sculpture. Two angels atop the organ blow straight trumpets. (A. Forer. Orgeln in Österreich. Vienna and Munich 1973. p. 228 [color reproduction])

[Sc St Florian] Anon. Angels. St. Florian, Stift, Marmorsaal. sculpture. Two angels have straight trumpets. (O. Wutzel. Das Chorherrenstift St. Florian. Linz 1971. fig. 82 [cropped])

[Sc St Florian Stift] Anon. Angels. St. Florian, Stiftskirche, Eingangshalle. sculpture. Two (?) angels perched atop columns have straight trumepts. (R. Hootz. Kunstdenkmäler in Österreich, III: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich, Burgenland. Munich, Berlin, 1967. p. 266, as dedicated 1715; =? S. Kruckenhauser. Verborgene Schönheit. Bauwerk und Plastik der Ostmark. Salzburg 2/1938. pl. 135 [dramatic view])

[organ St Urban] Bossard (Bossart), Josef (1665-1748) and Viktor Ferdinand (1699-1772) (builders). Organ prospect (1716-1721). St. Urban (Kanton Lucerne), Klosterkirche. wood sculpture. Includes two angels with trumpets. The banner above it all reads: "Laudate eum in sono tubae, in psalterion in cithara et in organo." (W. Haacke. Orgeln in aller Welt. Königstein im Taunus 1965. p. 73; W. Hardmeyer. Orgelbaukunst in der Schweiz. 4/Zurich n.d. p. 12; MGG XV, Taf. 34)

[organ Schwaz] Köck, Gaudenz and Caspar Humpel (organ). Bartholomäus Alter (case). Organ prospect (1724-1736). Schwaz (Tirol), Pfarrkirche. wood figures. Angels on the Rückpositiv blow two coiled horns and two trumpets. More? Reconstructed in 1911. (W. Haacke. Orgeln in aller Welt. Königstein im Taunus 1965. p. 79 [sober view]; S. Kruckenhauser. Verborgene Schönheit. Bauwerk und Plastik der Ostmark. Salzburg 2/1938. pl. 114 [arty view])

[organ Steinfeld] Anon. Organ prospect (1727). Steinfeld, Klosterkirche (ehem. Abteikirche). wood sculpture. Includes four rather cramped angels on the pedal towers playing straight trumpets. The organ was built in 1628, but the pedal towers on which the angels stand are by Norbert Windheisen in 1727. (H. Schmidt. Steinfeld. Neuss [1954] p. not recorded; Deutsche Kunstdenkmäler. Ein Bildhandbuch. Niederrhein. Darmstadt 1958. p. 318; Jahrbuch der rheinischen Denkmalpflege 13 [1936] 419 [distant view])

[organ Steinhausen] Reusch, Georg (Hans Jörg) (doc.1730) (prospect). Organ prospect (1727-33). Steinhausen (am Federbach), Wallfahrtskirche of Kloster Schussenried. wood sculpture. Includes two angels with straight trumpets. (G. Barthel. Barockkirchen in Altbayern, Schwaben und in der Schweiz. Berlin 1971. p. not recorded; A. Kasper and W. Strache. Steinhausen. Ein Juwel unter den Dorfkirchen. Stuttgart 1957. pll. 61, 63)

[organ Szczecin/Stettin Jakobikirche] Linde, Matthias von der (doc.1697)(builder). Organ prospect (1699). Szczecin/Stettin, Jakobikirche. wood sculpture. Includes two angels with straight trumpets. (F. Adler et al. Pommern, III. Stettin 1927? pl. 6; C. Friedrich. Stettin. Berlin 1927. [Deutsche Lande Deutsche Kunste] p. not recorded [poor reproduction])

[organ Strelitz Stadtkirche] Anon. Organ prospect (1728). Strelitz, Stadtkirche. wood sculpture. Includes two angels on the pedal towers with straight trumpets. (Kunst- und Geschichts-Denkmäler des Freistaates Mecklenburg-Strelitz. I/1: Das Land Stargard. Neubrandenburg 1921. p. 127)

[organ Usterling St. Johannes Baptist] Anon. (Oberaltaich Master). Organ prospect (1724). Usterling, Kirche St. Johannes Baptist (originally the Brüstungspositiv for the Klosterkirche, Oberaltaich). wood sculpture. The little organ is fronted by a large angel blowing a straight trumpet. It's a big angel for such a small organ. (G. Brenninger. Orgeln in Altbayern. Munich 1978. p. 76 [fine color reproduction]; Die Kunstdenkmäler des Königreichs Bayern, IV/13: Landau a. I. Munich 1926. p. 181)

[Sc Vienna Karlskirche] Anon. Two Angels. Vienna, Karlskirche, organ loft. stucco/sculpture. The angels flank heraldic symbols and have two straight trumpets. (T. Zacharias. Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach. Vienna 1960. fig. 99)

[Wsc Völs am Schlern] Anon. [early 18th century?]. Angel. Völs am Schlern (S. Tirol), Pfarrkirche, pulpit. wood sculpture. An angel atop the pulpit canopy blows a straight trumpet. (W. Frodl. Kunst in Südtirol. Munich 1960. fig. 142)

[organ Waidhofen] Casparides (Kasparides), Wenzel (builder). Organ prospect (1729). Waidhofen a. d. Thaya. wood sculpture. Includes two angels atop two pedal towers blowing straight trumpets. There are also three putti atop the Rückpositiv, two blowing straight trumpets and one playing kettledrums. (A. Forer. Orgeln in Österreich. Vienna and Munich 1973. p. 99 [ok reproduction])

[organ Walldürn] Schmig, Georg Friedrich (builder). Organ prospect (1713-1722). Walldürn, Church. wood sculpture. Two angels on the pedal towers have straight trumpets. The total prospect is not considered very successful. (K. Lohmeyer. Die Wallfahrtskirche zum Heiligen Blut in Walldürn. Augsburg 1929. pl. 9; Die Kunstdenkmäler des Grossherzogthums Baden. IV/3: Kreis Mosbach. Tübingen 1906. Taf. IX; MGG XV, Taf. 62/2, as by Johann Christian I Dauphin [1682-1730])

[Wsc Walldürn] Paulus, Georg (Jörg) (b.1678). Angel (1726). Walldürn, Wallfahrts- und Pfarrkirche, pulpit. wood sculpture. The angel atop the pulpit canopy has a trumpet. (K. Lohmeyer. Die Wallfahrtskirche zum Heiligen Blut in Walldürn. Augsburg 1929. p. not recorded; Die Kunstdenkmäler des Grossherzogthums Baden, IV/3: Kr. Mosbach. Tübingen 1906. p. 133 [miserable reproduction])

[Wsc Waltenhofen SS Maria and Florian] Sturm, Anton (ca.1690/95-1757). Angel (1720). Waltenhofen, Pfarrkirche SS Maria und Florian, pulpit. wood sculpture. A very dramatic angel with a straight trumpet is atop the pulpit canopy. One of the best. (A. Kaspar. Kunstwanderungen im Ostallgäu. Schussenried 1970. p. 235 [useless reproduction])

[Wsc Wildenhagen] Anon. [ca.1725?]. Angels. Wildenhagen, Kirche. wood sculpture. Two angels on the altar have straight trumpets. It's a little church and a relatively modest altar. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Provinz Brandenburg, VI/3: Weststernberg. Berlin 1913. pl. 9)

[organ Zellerfeld St Salvatoris] Schnitger, Arp (1648-1719) (builder), attr. Organ prospect (1702). Zellerfeld, St. Salvatoriskirche. wood sculpture. Includes two angels, each seeming to hold both a straight trumpet and a wavy one. (E. Strasser. Niedersachsen -- schöne Kirchen. Hannover 1954. p. 55 [poor reproduction])

[Ne Heiningen] Anon., late 17th century. Coronation of the Virgin (1698). Heiningen, Kath. Pfarrkirche. needlework antependium. Angels play two trumpets and kettledrums. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Provinz Hannover, II/7: Landkreis Goslar. Hannover 1937. pl. 45)

[Pa Alvaneu] Swiss (local primitive) [first half, 18th century?]. Angel Concert. Alvaneu, kath. Pfarrkirche. The little angel orchestra (depicted as performing indoors) includes players of straight trumpet and trumpet. (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz, 9: Kanton Graubünden, II. Basel 1937. p. 338 [poor reproduction])

[C D Asam Fr] Asam, Cosmas Damian (1686-1739). Nativity. Aldersbach, Klosterkirche. fresco. Angels play several musical instruments, including a straight trumpet. unimp. (E. Hanfstaengl. Die Brüder ... Asam. Munich 1955. pl. 23; _______. Cosmas Damian Asam. Munich 1939. pl. 9)

[C D Asam Fr] _______. Angels. Einsiedeln, Stiftskirche. fresco. One group of angels plays four straight trumpets and a pair of kettledrums. (W. Läubli. Maria Einsiedeln. Meiringen [pref. 1944]. pl. 14)

[C D Asam Fr] _______. Jakobus empfiehlt dem Volk die Verehrung Mariens/Jacob Recommends to the People the Veneration of the Virgin. Innsbruck, Domkirche St. Jakob. fresco. With several musical angels, including two with straight trumpets. (E. Egg. Kunst in Tirol, II. Innsbruck 1972. p. 189 [fair reproduction], as 1722/23)

[C D Asam Fr] _______. Assumption of St. Maximilian. Schleissheim, Schlosskapelle. fresco. Includes an angel with a straight trumpet. (E. Hanfstaengl. Cosmas Damian Asam. Munich 1939. pl. 11 [poor reproduction])

[C D Asam Fr] _______. St. Benedict in Glory. Weingarten, Klosterkirche. nave fresco. Includes angels playing two straight trumpets and a pair of kettledrums. (G. Spahr. Kreuz und Blut Christi in der Kunst Weingartens. Konstanz 1962. Abb. 20, as ca.1721; H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 59, as 1717 and later)

[C D Asam Fr] _______. Assumption of the Virgin (1718/19). Weingarten, Klosterkirche. fresco. An angel has two straight trumpets, one played, the other held. (E. Hanfstaengl. Cosmas Damian Asam. Munich 1939. pl. 7; H. Schnell. Weingarten. Die Basilika. Munich 1950. Abb. 20; =? H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 61, as 1717 and later -- this illustration has two angels with straight trumpets, one with two (played, held) and one with one (held) --its a deep perspective trompe l'oeil, with foreshortened columns; =? Apollo 112 [1980] 191 [small reproduction])

[Bentum Fr] Bentum, Christian Philipp (op.ca.1713-m.ca.1750). The Battle between Faith and Unbelief. Leubus, Kloster, Fürstensaal. fresco. Includes a prominent angel with a straight trumpet. (D. Maul. Leben und Werk des Malers Christian Bentum. Strasbourg 1915. [SdK, 178] pl. III)

[Bergmüller Fr] Bergmüller, Johann Georg (1688-1765). Angel. Ochsenhausen, Abbey, Convent. stairway fresco. Includes a prominent angel with a straight trumpet. (M. Schefold. Die Reichsabtei Ochsenhausen. Augsburg 1927. p. not recorded)

[Bergmüller Fr] _______. The Building of the Church. Steingaden, Church. nave fresco. Includes a nearly nude angel holding a straight trumpet. (H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 106 [poor reproduction], as 1740)

[Brandenburg Fr] Brandenburg, Johannes (1661-1729). Christ Descending to Bless the Dedication of the Gnadenkapelle, Einsiedeln. Einsiedeln, Stift, Grosser Saal. ceiling fresco. The so-called "Engelweihe." The angels are placed in ovals in the four corners of the ceiling. One group consists of two angels playing trumpets (depicted as real trumpeters with realistic trumpets) and a putto playing kettledrums. (G. Carlen. Der Zuger Barockmaler Johannes Brandenburg. Zug 1977. cat. 98-101, p. 114, as 1709/10)

[Brandenburg Pa] _______. Ecclesia as Protectress of the Five Places. Einsiedeln, Haus "Oberer Hirschen." Includes an angel holding two straight trumpets. (G. Carlen. Der Zuger Barockmaler Johannes Brandenburg. Zug 1977. cat. A118, p. 63, as 1711. Notes one of the trumpet bells has the incription "In omne Terra exivit sonus eorum." It apparently celebrates the sparing of Zürich in the [second?] Villmergerkrieg.)

[Feichtmayr Dr] Feichtmayr (Faichtmayer), Joseph (Anton) (1696-1770). Sketch for an altar (1726). Konstanz. There seems to be an angel near the top with a straight trumpet. (H. Sauer. Zeichnungen der Mimmenhauser Bildner und ihres Kreises. Strasbourg 1936. [Sdk, 307] Abb. 1, as 1726)

[Fromiller Fr] Fromiller, Josef Ferdinand (1693-1760). Glorification of St. Benedict. Ossiach, ehem. Benediktiner-Abteikirche Mariae Himmelfahrt, Benediktussaal. fresco. Includes an angel playing two straight trumpets (plays them like an aulos). (R. Hootz. Kunstdenkmäler in Österreich ... II: Kärnten-Steiermark. Munich, Berlin 1966. p. 124, as 1741-49)

[Görz Fr] Görz, Matthias von (ca. 1670-1731). Apotheosis of David. Pöllau, ehem. Stiftskirche. fresco above the organ loft. Several musical angels, including two with trumpets. (G. Brucher. Die barocke Deckenmalerei in der Steiermark. Graz 1973. Abb. 201, as 1711?)

[Grafenstein Pa] Grafenstein, Joseph (doc.1700-03). Apotheosis of St. Thomas Aquinas. Vorau, Stiftskirche. Includes two angels, each with a straight trumpet. (G. Brucher. Die barocke Deckenmalerei in der Steiermark. Graz 1973. Abb. 163)

[Gran Dr] Gran, Daniel (1694-1757). Assumption of the Virgin. Vienna, Albertina, Inv. 26.930. drawing. Includes two angels with straight trumpets (rather like Fames). (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Vienna 1977. cat. Z67, Abb. 165 [fine reproduction], as a discarded idea for the Assumption of Lilienfeld)

[Hackhofer Fr] Hackhofer, Johann Cyriak (1675-1731). Angels. Festenburg, Katharinenkirche. fresco. Many musical angels, including one with a straight trumpet and another with a trumpet. (G. Brucher. Die barocke Deckenmalerei in der Steiermark. Graz 1973. cover [color], Taf. LXXXIX [color, in sitù], Abb. 182, as finished 1710)

[Hackhofer Fr] _______. Glorification of the Cross. Vorau, Stiftssakristei. fresco. There are at least five angels blowing straight trumpets in all directions. (G. Brucher. Die barocke Deckenmalerei in der Steiermark. Graz 1973. Taf. XCIV [small color reproduction])

[Hermann Fr] Hermann, Franz Georg (1692-1769). Allegory. Füssen, St. Mang (ehem. Benediktinerkloster), Festsaal. ceiling fresco. Includes a tumbling, Fame-like angel with two straight trumpets (one played, one held) beside, God, the Sun, Moon and five Planets. unimp. (A. Kaspar. Kunstwanderungen im Ostallgäu. Schussenried 1970. p. 111; A. Schädler. Allgäu. Munich 1959. pl. 12, as 1721/22; H. Wagner. Barocke Festsäle in bayerischen Schlössern und Klöstern. Munich 1974. p. not recorded)

[Hermann Fr] _______. The Way of the Christian Soul. Kempten, Residenz, Tagzimmer. ceiling fresco. Includes a prominent angel with two straight trumpets (one played, one held). (A. Kasper. Kunstwanderungen kreuz und quer der Illen. Schussenried 1967. p. 113, as 1734; N. Lieb. Rokoko in der Residenz von Kempten. Kempten 1958. pl. 5 [fine detail])

[Rottmayr Dr] Rottmayr, Johann Michael (1654-1730). Angel. Vienna Albertina. drawing. The angel has two straight trumpets (one played, one held). (M. Schwarz. The Age of Rococo. New York 1971. p. 175; Musica calendar 1962: 14-27 January [fine reproduction])

[Rottmayr Pa] _______. Last Judgement. Vienna, Niederösterreichisches Museum. Two little angels have little straight trumpets. (exh Berlin 1969: Barock und Biedermeier im Niederösterreichischen Donauland. Abb. 5 [color], as 1691)

[Rottmayr Fr] _______. Triumph of Wisdom and Good Conscience over Evil/Triumph der Weisheit und des guten Gewissens über die Laster. Pommersfelden, Schloss Weissenstein. fresco. Includes two very feminine angels (one of them virtually nude, leaving little to the imagination) playing straight trumpets. (H. Wagner. Barocke Festsäle in bayerischen Schlössern und Klöstern. Munich 1974. p. 93 [fine color reproduction])

[Stauder Fr] Stauder, (Jakob) Karl (op.1700-m.1751). St. Benedict as Teacher of the Virtues. Ottobeuren, Stift, Haupttreppenhaus des Konventsgebäudes. ceiling fresco. Includes an angel holding a trumpet. (G. Brucher. Die barocke Deckenmalerei in der Steiermark. Graz 1973. Abb. 6, as 1725)

[Stauder Fr] _______. Cornucopia of God's Blessings. Ottobeuren, Stift, Treppenhaus. ceiling fresco. The composition is dominated by an angel brandishing a straight trumpet (with banner). (G. Brucher. Die barocke Deckenmalerei in der Steiermark. Graz 1973. Abb. 3, as 1722)

[Sturm Wsc] Sturm, Anton (ca.1690/95-1757). Angels. Oberstdorf, Kapelle Maria Loreto. wood sculpture. Two angels surmounting the altar have straight trumepts. (Die Kunstdenkmäler ... Bayern, VII/8: Sonthofen. Munich 1964. p. 637, as 1740-41; A. Kasper. Kunstwanderungen vom Ober- zum Ostallgäu. Schussenried 1969, p. 107)

[Sturm Wsc] _______. Angels. Altstädten, Kath. Pfarrkirche SS Peter und Paul. wood sculpture. Each of the two side altars has two angels blowing straight trumpets across the sanctuary at each other. It is all quite festive. (Die Kunstdenkmäler ... Bayern, VII/8: Sonthofen. Munich 1964. p. not recorded, as 1748; A. Kasper. Kunstwanderungen vom Ober- zum Ostallgäu. Schussenried 1969, p. 48, as 1741/47)

[Troger Fr] Troger, Paul (1698-1762). Angels. Stift Altenburg (NÖ). cupola fresco. Several musical angels, including a central one with a straight trumpet. (M. Neusser-Hromatka. Österreich. Kunst und Kunstschätze. St. Johann in Tirol 1956. pl. 74 [good detail, but cropped])

[Zimmermann Fr] Zimmermann, Johann Baptist (1680-1753). Angel Concert. Steinhausen (am Federbach), Wallfahrtskirche. fresco. Includes a group playing two trumpets and kettledrums. (A. Kasper and W. Strache. Steinhausen. Ein Juwel unter den Dorfkirchen. Stuttgart 1957. pl. 80; C. Lamb. Die Wies. Berlin 1937, p. not recorded [useless reproduction], as completed 1733)

[Zoller Dr] Zoller, Anton (1695-1768). Assumption of the Virgin. Düsseldorf art market (1972). drawing. A study for a ceiling. Includes a rather prominent angel blowing a straight trumpet. (C. G. Boerner, Düsseldorf, cat. no. 57 [1972?], no. 59)

Female Trumpet Players: [Gran Pa] Gran, Daniel (1694-1757). Model for a Ceiling Fresco. Vienna KH. oil sketch. Includes a group of military women, one with a trumpet. It also includes a woman (Fame?) with a straight trumpet. (H. Schmitz. Kunst und Kultur des 18. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland. Munich 1922. p. not recorded, as ca. 1730, with location as Staatsgalerie)

Military: See also Allegory, War and Peace; Scenes of Everyday Life -- Outdoor, Battles; Scenes of Everyday Life -- Outdoor, Village/Rustic Scenes; Miscellaneous Figures, Naval.

[Wsc Greifenhagen Nikolaikirche] Anon. Epitaph of the Obrist-Wachtmeister Peter Grünewald (m.1725). Greifenhagen, Nikolaikirche. wood sculpture. Includes a soldier (in classical costume) holding a straight trumpet. (Quite a variation of the theme of Fame. Very virile.) The polychrome wood frame has military trophies, including straight trumpets, frame drums and kettledrums. (F. Adler, etc. Pommern, IV: Mittelpommern. Berlin 1927. pl. 61; O. Schmitt. Mittelpommern. Berlin 1927. [Deutsche Lande Deutsche Kunst] pl. 61)

[BI Frankfurt am Main 1689] Anon. Military Musicians, from W. Dilich ... Kriegesschule ... Frankfurt am Main, J. D. Sunner, 1689. woodcut. Figures in antique costume play cornu and straight trumpet ("tuba"). (Brüchle & Janetzky p. 36, as from Dilich's Militär-Enzyklopädie)

[Steudner Pr] Steudner, Johann Philipp (1652-1732). Military Figures. woodcut (paper cut-outs). One sheet includes a mounted trumpeter (the only mounted figure on the sheet) and flute and frame drum players on foot. Another sheet depicts mounted figures, including a kettledrummer. (Alexander, vol. II, p. 619)

Musicians (amateur and professional): See also Miscellaneous Figures, Military.

[BI St Gall 1682] Anon. Title page of Geistliches Seelen-Music. St. Gall, Jacob Hochreutiner, 1682 etc. engraving. A group of (amateur?) musicians around a table, including a player of a trumpet. (MGG VIII, col. 811)

[Pa Vienna OeMfVolkskunde] Austrian, early 18th century. Sign of a Tyrolean Troupe of Actors. Vienna, Oesterreichisches Museum für Volkskunde. Musicians in blackface play two flutes, two clarinets (?), trumpet, and various percussion instruments. (Salmen Katalog. p. 138)

Putti: See also Allegory, Fame; Allegory, Music/Poetry/Liberal Arts; Miscellaneous Figures, Angels.

[organ Altötting] Anon.(?), 1724. Organ prospect. Altötting, Stiftskirche. Includes putti playing harp and straight trumpet. The hands of the putti don't fit either instrument. (G. Brenninger. Orgeln in Altbayern. Munich 1978. p. 53 [color reproduction])

[Wsc Augsburg Barfüsserkirche] Rudolph, Johann Friedrich (op. ca. 1720-ca.1760). Putto. Augsburg, Barfüsserkirche, pulpit. The putto has a straight trumpet. (H. Mayer. Deutsche Barockkanzeln. Strasbourg 1932 [SdK 287]. pl. XIIIb, as 1723-24) Thieme and Becker give the date as ca. 1755.

[organ Corvey] Schneider, Andreas (b. bef. 1640-d.1685) (builder). Organ prospect (1681). Corvey, Klosterkirche. wood sculpture. Angels perched outside the pedal towers play harp (stage-prop) and lute. Putti on top play flute and trumpet, flanking the organ loft play violin and conduct, and above the console play kettledrums. (MGG XI, Taf. 95/2 [not helpful for details]; Musica calendar 1967: 22 January - 4 February, as ca. 1680).

[organ Freiberg Jakobikirche] Silbermann, Gottfried (1683-1753) (builder). Organ prospect. Freiberg, Jakobikirche. wood sculpture. Two putti (on top) play straight trumpets. (U. Dähnert. Historische Orgeln in Sachsen. Leipzig 1980. pl. 24, as 1717; U. Dähnert. Die Orgeln Gottfried Silbermanns in Mitteldeutschland. Leipzig 1953. p. 38, as 1716-17)

[organ Freystadt] Anon., 1717-1746. Organ prospect. Freystadt, Ev. Gnadenkirche. wood sculpture. Two putti blow coiled horns and two blow trumpets. More? (L. Burgemeister. Der Orgelbau in Schlesien. Strasbourg 1925. [SdK, 230]. pl. XX [useless reproduction])

[Sc Göttweig, Stiftskirche] Anon. (the organ was built in 1704). Angels. Göttweig, Stiftskirche, railing of the organ loft. wood sculpture. Putti on top play two violins, harp, lute, a curved wind instrument, two straight trumpets and kettledrums. (A. Forer. Orgeln in Österreich. Vienna and Munich 1973. p. 97 [ok color reproduction]; H. Kühnel. Krems an der Donau. [Munich, Berlin 1968] fig. 59)

[organ Hilbersdorf] Silbermann, Gottfried (1683-1753) (builder). Organ prospect (positive organ -- very small) (1724). Hilbersdorf bei Freiberg, Church. wood sculpture. Two putti play straight trumpets. (U. Dähnert. Die Orgeln Gottfried Silbermanns in Mitteldeutschland. Leipzig 1953. [Forschungen zur Sachsischen Kunstgeschichte, 2] p. 71)

[organ Hirschberg kath. Pfarrkirche] Anon. Organ prospect (1706). Hirschberg, Kath. Pfarrkirche. wood sculpture. Several musical figures, including a putto with a straight trumpet. (L. Burgemeister. Der Orgelbau in Schlesien. Strasbourg 1925. [SdK 230] pl. VII [fair reproduction])

[organ Höxter Kilianikirche] Clausing, Hinrich. Organ prospect (1710). Höxter, Kilianikirche. wood sculpture. Putti play two straight trumpets and a pair of kettledrums. The trumpet-playing putti hold the trumpets with one hand, the other hand on the hip. A nonchalant pose, rather cute but not very imposing. (MGG XV, pl. 55 [ok reproduction, but the kettledrums are not clear])

[Sc Kaisheim] Appiani, Giacomo (1687-1742), attr. Putti. Kaisheim, ehem. Kloster der Zisterzienser. stucco. Two putti, each with a music sheet in one hand, have deeply curved trumpets. I suppose they could represent Stopf-Trompeten, but I suspect they're just decorative. (H. Wagner. Barocke Festsäle in bayerischen Schlössern und Klöstern. Munich 1974. p. 121 [fine color reproduction])

[Sc Korbach Nikolaikirche] Pape, Heinrich (doc. 1681-1692), after a design by Georg Friedrich Esau (ca.1632-1718). Epitaph of Count Georg Friedrich von Waldeck (m.1692). Korbach, Nikolaikirche. high relief sculpture. There are several musical putti, including two playing trumpets. It's a huge object. (W. Medding. Waldecker Land. Munich 1961. [Deutsche Lande Deutsche Kunste] pl. 32, with name Georg Friedrich zu Waldeck und Pyrmont; Deutsche Kunstdenkmäler. Ein Bildhandbuch: Hessen. Darmstadt 2/1974. p. 224 [not helpful for details])

[organ Leipzig Musikinstrumentenmuseum] Hildebrandt, Zacharias (1688-1757) (builder). Organ prospect. Leipzig, Musikinstrumenten-Museum. wood sculpture. A small organ with two putti on top, blowing straight trumpets. Not very impressive. unimp. (U. Dähnert. Historische Orgeln in Sachsen. Leipzig 1980. pl. 36, as 1724)

[Sc St Florian] Sattler, Leonhard (doc.1711), attr. Putti. St. Florian, Augustiner Chorherrenstift, West Wing, West Portal/Main Portal. sculpture. Two putti top the exterior windows above the third floor. Each has a straight trumpet. unimp. (unimpressive) (R. Hootz. Kunstdenkmäler in Österreich, III: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich, Burgenland. Munich, Berlin, 1967. p. 262; T. Korth. Stift St. Florian. Nuremberg 1975. fig. 26; J. Schmidt. Linz an der Donau. Munich 1959. fig. 66, as perhaps by Leonhard Sattler in 1713; F. Sedlmayr. Österreichische Architektur 1690-1740. Vienna 1930. fig. 33, as 1712)

[Wsc St Florian] Franz, Adam (doc. 1685-1699). Putti. St. Florian, Stiftskirche, railing of the organ loft. wood sculpture. Putti on the rail play several musical instruments, including a viola (?), small cello (?), and two straight trumpets. (A. Forer. Orgeln in Österreich. Vienna and Munich 1973. p. 141 [ok color reproduction]; V. Griessmaier. Österreich. Vienna 1950. English/French edition pl. 127 [choir organ above the choir stalls -- I hope it's the same one -- cello, two straight trumpets]; O. Wutzel. Das Chorherrnstift St. Florian. Linz 1971. fig. 38 [violin, straight trumpet])

[organ St. Polten Dom] Anon. Organ prospect (1722). St. Polten, Dom. wood sculpture. Includes two or four putti with straight trumpets. (R. Hootz. Knstdenkmäler in Oesterreich, III: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich, Burgenland. Munich, Berlin, 1967. p. 274)

[organ Scheibbs] Moyse, Johann (builder), Karl Stilpp (b.1668 - doc. to 1725) (case). Organ prospect. Scheibbs, Pfarrkirche (originally for the Minoritenkirche in Stein). wood sculpture. Numerous musical putti. The two topmost play trumpets. (B. Sonnaillon. King of Instruments, A History of the Organ. Transl. S. Spencer. New York 1985. p. 128, as 1724)

[organ ex Worms Dreifaltigkeitskirche] Mayer, Johannes (builder). Organ (1726). ex Worms, Dreifaltigkeitskirche (destroyed). wood sculpture. Includes two putti blowing trumpets. Not impressive. (F. Bösken. Quellen und Forschungen zur Orgelgeschichte des Mittelrheins. Mainz 1967. [Beiträge zur mittelrheinischen Musikgeschichte, 6] unnumb pl. between pp. 516 and 517, vol. 1)

[Wsc Zwönitz St Trinitatis] Ulrich, Gottfried (doc.1701-1708). Putti (1691). Zwönitz, St. Trinitatis, pulpit-altar. wood sculpture. Putti play one or two straight trumpets. unimp. (E. Löffler. Die Stadtkirchen in Sachsen. Berlin 1973. p. 172)

[Gundelach Gl] Gundelach (Gondelach), Franz (doc.1694-1716). Reversed monogram of Landgrave Carl of Hesse-Kassel. engraved glass goblet. Includes a cartouche flanked by military symbols and a putto blowing a trumpet. unimp. (Burlington 129 [1987] 312 [ok detail], as ca.1715)

[Heindl Fr] Heindl, Wolfgang Andreas (op. first quarter, 18th century). Religious Allegory. Lambach, Kalvarienbergkirche. fresco. Two putti play straight trumpets and one plays one and holds another. (R. W. Litschel. Kunststätten in Oberösterreich. Linz 1964. fig. 77)

[Maderno Fr] Maderno (Maderni), Anton (Antonio) (doc. 1695). Allegory (1695). Frauenberg bei Admont, Prioratssaal. ceiling fresco. Includes putti playing two trumpets and kettledrums. (G. Brucher. Die barocke Deckenmalerei in der Steiermark. Graz 1973. Abb. 150)

[Remshardt Pr] Remshardt, Carl (1678-1735). Design for a Ceiling. engraving. Includes putti with two straight trumpets and a pair of kettledrums. (H. Tintelnot. Die barocke Freskomalerei in Deutschland ... Munich 1951. p. 56)

[Werle Fr] Werle, (Johann) Georg (doc. 1715). Glory of Diana. Ohrara bei Frauenberg, Jagdschloss. ceiling fresco. Includes putti playing a curved horn and a straight trumpet. (E. Knab. Daniel Gran. Wien 1977. fig. 2a [small reproduction], as 1715)

Trumpeters: See also Miscellaneous Figures, Military; Miscellaneous Figures, Naval.

[BI Nördlingen 1684] Anon. Frontispiece of Athanasius Kircher's Neue Hall- und Thon-Kunst. Nördlingen, Friderich Schultes, 1684. engraving. Includes a mounted trumpeter, two angels playing straight trumpets, an angel playing a curved trumpet/horn, and a figure standing on a rock playing a large, wide-bore straight trumpet or horn. (MGG VII, Taf. 38)

[Pr Anon.] Anonymous, ca. 1700. Mounted Trumpeter. engraving. A handsome fellow, in livery, playing his trumpet. (MGG IX, col. 323)

[mixed media, Dresden Grünes Gewölbe] Anon., early 18th century. A pair of figures: Negro trumpeter and kettledrummer. Dresden Grünes Gewölbe. wood and ivory with diamond pendants. The banner of the trumpet reads "sauve quy peult." (R. and M. Seydewitz. Die Dresdener Kunstschätze. Dresden 1960. nos. 22, 25)

[Engelbrecht Pr] Engelbrecht, Martin (1684-1756). "Trompeten, Paucken, Posaunen." engraving. A trumpeter blows his trumpet out of a window toward a garden terrace. A young man seated on the floor taps a kettledrum. There is a trombone and another trumpet on a table. (Naylor Trumpet and Trombone. no 100)

[Luidl Wsc] Luidl, Lorenz (m.1719). Trumpeter. Munich art market (1973). polychromed and gilded limewood figure. He wears a fancy antique costume and plays a straight trumpet. Cute but unimportant. (Apollo 97 [1973] March ad p. 150)

[Weigel Pr] Weigel, Johann Christoph (1661-1726). "Trompette," from Musicalisches Theatrum. [Nuremberg ca.1722] engraving. A court figure blows a trumpet, standing on a terrace in front of a formal garden. (D. Altenburg. Untersuchunger zur Geschichte der Trompete im Zeitalter der Clarinblaskunst [1500-1800]. Regensburg 1973 [Kölner Beiträge zur Musikforschung, 75] vol. III, Abb. 24 [clear reproduction]; Naylor Trumpet and Trombone. no. 99; facsimile: Kassel 1961)

[Weigel Pr] _______. "Kaiserliche Trompeter." engraving. A court figure in fancy livery holds a trumpet with a tassled banner depicting a double eagle. (Naylor no. 101)

Watchmen: [Haffe Fr] Haffe, Anton Wenzeslaus (op. ca.1710-1733). Emblematic fresco "in Omnem terram." Gundelfingen, kath. Spitalkirche. fresco. A watchman in a tower has a short, straight, horn-like trumpet -- probably a watchman's horn. (Die Kunstdenkmäler ... Bayern, VII/7: Landkreis Dillingen a. d. Donau. Munich 1972. p. 322)